No. 44November 14, 2020
Disputed Election Deepening Discontent
with Whole Set-Up
November 8, 2020. Gathering outside the White
House. (CPD Action)
Existing Institutions Apparent
Vote and More Potential Disputes
to Get Ruling Factions to Unite and Cooperate
- Voice of Revolution -
and Others' Magic Wall
President and Vice President Take Office
Morales Returns to Bolivia, Welcomed by Millions
President and Vice President Address People
U.S. Election Results
U.S. presidential elections are supposed to help
"lower the temperature," as Biden puts it, on the
disputes among the ruling factions. They are also
supposed to provide the presidency and
institutions with their democratic veneer -- the
appearance that whoever is elected has "the
consent of the governed." In the absence of this
democratic veneer, the fact that the people are
kept out of government cannot be kept hidden.
results of the current election, however, in no way restore the
credibility of the U.S. democratic system. The continued dispute,
especially the potential for Supreme Court intervention and possible
use of the military against the people, has only deepened the anger
among the people.
Trump's lawsuits in Pennsylvania could go to the
Supreme Court, as could others which are
attempting to block the certification of the vote
in Michigan and Pennsylvania. An intervention by
the Supreme Court could impact other states and
possibly call into question enough of Biden's Electoral College votes to send the dispute to the House
Any of these results would be met with resistance
among the people. It is perhaps in anticipation of
this that Trump fired his Secretary of Defense,
Mark Esper, and replaced him with Christopher
Miller. Esper was among those who challenged
Trump's threats to use the military against
demonstrators. It is expected that Miller, another
Army man, would support and implement such action.
How the top military brass, active-duty soldiers
and National Guard would respond, however, given
the dispute, is not predictable.
The strength of resistance is such that unions
representing 600,000 members are calling for a
general strike if Trump disputes or discredits the
election results and refuses to concede. These
include 70,000 workers in Rochester, New York;
60,000 in Western Massachusetts; hundreds of
thousands across the Midwest; the 200,000-member
labour council in Seattle, and the 50,000-member Association
of Flight Attendants.
November 7, 2020. Workers from UNITE-HERE
participate in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania march.
In addition, 100 African American clergy members,
representing tens of thousands of people, signed
an online pledge that calls for a general strike
if Trump "attempts a coup or refuses to respect
the legitimate result of the election." The pledge
emphasized, "We will need many different tactics
-- protests, occupations of state capitals,
strikes -- but fundamentally it will all require
unity, courage, preparation, and
As people across the country stand ready to have
their voices heard, additional actions are also planned for December 1,
which is when most states should have certified their vote. The battles
for equality, justice and accountability, ongoing since May, also
The stand being
taken is not simply one directed at Trump and his
efforts to dispute and discredit the election. It
is reflective of the growing demand among the
people to have a say beyond a vote. Workers
especially are bringing forward that they have a
role to play in the political life of the country
and in defining a democracy that serves their
interests, not those of the rich. The
dysfunctional nature of the existing set up is
being widely debated. So too is the demand that it
is the people who need control and are fit to
govern and decide, not the rich.
No doubt many voted for Biden, though the
estimated 80 million eligible voters who did not
vote still surpasses his 75 million, which is only
about 25 per cent of the eligible vote. It is also
widely acknowledged that the choices given for
President invariably represent the rich and serve
them. Indeed the lack of representation at any
level that is of, by and for working people is
part of the debates at this time, a debate a
general strike would only strengthen.
It is a significant problem for Trump and Biden
that the election remains in dispute and
particularly the potential for Supreme Court
intervention, military intervention or Congress
deciding the outcome. The democracy's lack of
credibility and legitimacy requires ever greater
reliance on the police powers of the executive,
which only serves to further deepen the
contradictions between the rulers and the people
over the question of Who Decides? The people's
striving for a modern people's democracy which
serves them is the order of the day.
November 8, 2020. Protests continue in Detroit,
The U.S. elections have revealed for the entire
world to see the extent to which the so-called
democratic institutions in the U.S. are unable to
sort out conflicts within the ruling class or give
the appearance of a legitimate election which
confers the consent of the governed.
The election dispute among the rulers continues
to play out on a number of fronts. Trump persists
in saying he won and that illegal votes are being
counted. Biden is proceeding as president-elect.
Some are backing Trump's many lawsuits in several
states, while also calling on him to concede. The
Wall Street Journal was representative of
this position. "If Mr. Biden has 270 Electoral
College votes at the end of the counting and
litigation, President Trump will have a decision
to make. We hope in that event he would concede
gracefully," the newspaper wrote.
The Republican head of the Senate, Mitch
McConnell, has said Trump has every right to use
litigation to challenge the results, as have
others. Meanwhile, local Republican election
officials, in Georgia, for example, have defended
their work and said the vote count is valid.
Similar stands are being taken by local and state
officials in all the states currently under
dispute. These include Georgia, Pennsylvania,
Michigan, Arizona and Nevada. Other Republicans
have called for Trump to stop the lawsuits, saying
they are unlikely to change the outcome. Pursuing
them undermines "the institutions at the
foundation" of the country, they say. This is a
major concern for the ruling class as a whole,
because it undermines their authority to govern
and use force against the people, which is already
November 7, 2020. Rally in Philadelphia,
Twelve lawsuits have been dismissed at the local
or state level. Others being pursued, such as in
Pennsylvania and Michigan, are calling on the
courts to block certification of the vote based on
irregularities with state election law. Other
lawsuits are still being prepared. Lawyers are
expressing concerns that the cases are meant to
discredit the vote, rather than secure an accurate
vote count. The potential for Supreme Court
intervention remains ever present, which would
only further discredit the election.
What is evident for all to see is that the
disputes among the factions of the rich vying for the power of the
presidency have not been resolved and there is little hope that they
will be resolved. While Biden has been declared the winner by the
monopoly media, it is apparent that he does not enjoy broad support.
There are various reports that about half of Biden's votes were not for
him, but against Trump. It is Trump's loss that many are celebrating.
In some of the states currently under dispute,
about 40,000 people who voted chose not to cast a
vote for president. In Georgia, Biden is ahead by
10,502 votes; in Arizona by 16,985 votes, in
Nevada by 34,283 votes. There are also an
estimated 80 million eligible voters who did not
vote. That number reaches about 100 million if
those blocked from voting -- such as prisoners and
immigrants -- are counted. There is also
suppression of the vote using various requirements
to register, closing polling stations,
insufficient hours, etc. All of this contributes
to evidence indicating that Biden's vote is only a
small portion of the electorate, about 25 per
cent. Furthermore, of that number, only about 12
per cent actually voted for him as opposed to
In this way, the
emphasis placed on Biden getting the largest
number of votes covers up the fraud of elections
of the world's allegedly "indispensable nation."
According to Biden, "the people of this nation
have spoken" and "delivered us a clear victory."
This also serves to cover up that votes for
candidates the people did not select and that do
not represent them in no way reflect their
concerns and interests. Certainly, the votes cast
do not confer a "mandate" to continue to implement
the war economy and war government of the U.S.
which the ruling class requires of every
The new direction the people of the United States
demand for their country is to have a peace
economy and an anti-war government. The election
results in fact reveal that the election process
and selection of Biden by the ruling class has in
no way diverted the broad movement of the people
for justice, equality and the affirmation of the
rights of all.
November 8, 2020. Washington DC, the fight for
The lawsuits the Trump campaign has initiated
will likely continue until at least December 14, the date on which all
states' electors meet and then forward their decision to Congress. The
new Congress, seated January 3, then does the final certification, with
the vote scheduled for January 6. If the vote is not certified at the
state level, a possibility given the current wrangling, then it is
possible that no candidate will get its Electoral College votes, or the
state could send two slates of electors to Congress, one for Trump and
one for Biden. In either case, the House of Representatives would have
to decide the outcome of the election, with each state getting only one
vote. The possibility that states with a majority of Republicans could
vote in Trump's favour is only further intensifying conflicts among the
One of Trump's lawsuits in Pennsylvania could go
to the Supreme Court. At least one Justice, Justice Alito, has indicated
that he thinks it was unconstitutional for Pennsylvania to extend the
date for receiving mail-in ballots. His likely argument is that the
decision was not made by the state legislature but rather by
Pennsylvania's Secretary of State. If the Supreme Court intervenes and
rules in Trump's favour, it could also call into question the vote count
in other states that acted in a similar manner -- for example,
Wisconsin and Michigan -- calling those Electoral College votes into
Such an outcome would also depend on whether the
number of ballots received after Election Day in
the states involved would be sufficient for Trump
to win those states. Efforts to outright block
certification are in part intended to overcome
such a calculation. It also remains unclear if the
Supreme Court will even hear one or more of these
cases and what requirements in terms of counting
or discounting the votes they might impose. All of
this only further underscores that the existing
institutions no longer function to sort out
conflicts or give the appearance of a legitimate
The process for certifying the vote varies from
state to state, with different deadlines in each.
For states in dispute, the deadlines are: Nevada,
November 16; Georgia, November 20; Michigan and
Pennsylvania, November 23; Arizona, November 30;
and Wisconsin, December 1. Other states have
deadlines in November and seven have dates in
December, with the last, California, December 11.
The states have election laws in place for the
certification process before the election
begins. It is not the state legislatures that
certify the vote but the state election boards.
These boards are usually made up of an equal
number of Democrats and Republicans, often
appointed by the Governor and excluding any other
parties. The state boards get information from all
the county boards, which they review and then
certify the vote. Once the vote is certified,
whoever receives a plurality of votes will have
their slate of electors seated when electors meet
Michigan, for example, has a four-member Board of
State Canvassers that must have a vote of 3-1 to
certify. In the case of a 2-2 tie, it goes to
State Courts, which would likely, but not
necessarily, order the Board to certify the vote.
If the Court does not order the Board to certify
the vote, the state legislature might intervene,
or dual slates of electors would be used. Thus, in
the case of Michigan, it is the courts and a
handful of people, not the electorate, who could
decide the outcome.
It is worth noting that in all the talk about
counting votes, the large majority of states --
which make up the majority of the population and
have millions of discounted and suppressed votes
-- are not even in the picture, let alone
discussed. Elections in the U.S. are not designed
to unify the people and involve them in debate as
to how to move society forward. On the contrary,
they ensure that the concerns and interests of the
people and solutions to the problems they face,
such as for health care, education, war and peace,
and elections, are excluded altogether.
November 7, 2020. In Louisville, Kentucky, a march
honours Breonna Taylor and moves her memorial to a
more permanent location.
November 13, 2020. Signs added to the fence in
front of the White House.
In his victory speech November 7 and during his
campaign, Joe Biden emphasized that it is time for
the ruling factions to unite and cooperate. This
is necessary to preserve the Union, he said.
The more acrimonious the disputes become between
the factions which comprise the ruling class in
the United States, the more talk of unity sounds
hollow. The disputed election itself and the many
disputes within and between the presidency and
military and federal and state governments all
reflect the intense conflicts now raging among the
ruling oligarchs. Expressions of concern that they
could break out into an open violent civil war are
becoming increasingly shrill.
The possibility of
the contradiction degenerating into open violence
has been further underlined by Trump's refusal to
concede defeat in the election. In addition, he is
making changes to his cabinet that point to his
willingness to resort to violent means to suppress
the opposition. This violence would more likely be
directed against the people to start with. A
general strike has been called by unions
representing more than 600,000 workers across the
country, including teachers, health care workers,
flight attendants, auto workers and many more. The
rulers are deathly afraid of the workers uniting
and together rejecting the role they have been
assigned where they are not considered citizens
who determine the direction of the economy and
politics but are described as "consumers,"
"producers," "clients," "voters," "Blacks,"
"whites, "delinquents" and the like, to avoid them
emerging as a social force in the political life
of the country. In the face of the people's
striving for empowerment, Biden is urging the
factions to now unite and for Trump to be isolated
to such an extent he is forced to concede.
One form the current battle takes is Trump's
refusal to allow the usual transition process to
proceed. This involves the General Services
Administration (GSA) "ascertaining" that the
election has produced a clear winner. The GSA is
supposed to be a "non-partisan" body within the
Office of the Executive but so far it is refusing
to ascertain the election of Biden and, along with
it, hand over the resources the president-elect
requires to establish the transition and "hit the
ground running" when the inauguration takes place.
Millions of dollars in resources are being
withheld, which includes not only money to pay
staff and office rentals but also access to
intelligence briefings, secure phones for calling
foreign leaders, gaining security clearances for
top officials. Biden forces are insisting that the
GSA cooperate and Trump has so far successfully
blocked them. A lawsuit by Biden is being
The main effort here involves Biden seizing the
reins of power that the presidency provides. This
is couched in threatening language about how a
failure to be ready threatens national security.
"America's national security and economic
interests depend on the federal government
signalling clearly and swiftly that the United
States government will respect the will of the
American people and engage in a smooth and
peaceful transfer of power," the Biden team
As has been the case throughout the election
process, the concern about a "peaceful transition"
reflects the intensity of the conflicts and the
rulers' recognition of the potential for violence
within their ranks and against the people in a
manner that threatens the Union and their
Various Republicans, including Trump loyalists
like Lindsey Graham, the senior Senator from South
Carolina who has served as chairman of the Senate
Committee on the Judiciary since 2019, are
now saying Biden should get the intelligence
briefings and the transition should proceed while
the lawsuits contesting the election results are
being resolved. "I think he should get the
information. [...] I just think it's part of the
transition. And if in fact he does win in the end,
I think they need to be able to hit the ground
running," said Republican Senator John Cornyn of
Texas, a member of the Senate Intelligence
Other Republican Senators making similar comments
include Chuck Grassley of Iowa, Mike Rounds of
South Dakota, James Lankford of Oklahoma, Ron
Johnson of Wisconsin and both Missouri Senators
Roy Blunt and Josh Howley.
Biden's Call for Unity in Victory Speech
Biden's victory speech repeated calls for unity,
directed at the vying factions among the rulers.
Echoing former President Obama, he said, "I pledge
to be a president who seeks not to divide but
unify, who doesn't see red states and blue states,
only sees the United States." The reference to red
and blue states is to the divide between Democrats
and Republicans. This refers not to the people,
but to the factions. The concern is the potential
for the Union, the United States, to fracture.
This basic theme is repeated: "The refusal of
Democrats and Republicans to cooperate with one
another is not some mysterious force beyond our
control, it's a decision, a choice we make. If we
can decide not to cooperate, then we can decide to
cooperate." He adds, "It's time to put away the
harsh rhetoric, lower the temperature, see each
other again, listen to each other again. To make
progress, we have to stop treating our opponents
as our enemies. They are not our enemies. They're
Biden attempts to
claim a mandate from the people, saying "They want
us to cooperate in their interests, and that's the
choice I'll make. I'll call on Congress, Democrats
and Republicans alike, to make that choice with
me." And then, "This is the United States of
America. There's never been anything, never been
anything, we've been not able to do when we've
done it together."
The emphasis is that for the United States to
maintain its place as superpower and
"indispensable nation," it has to remain united.
It is not the people of the country that are
describing each other as enemies and refusing to
cooperate. On the contrary, the stand across the
country in relation to going all out to assist
each other in coping with COVID-19 and to provide
care despite lack of protection; the more than 20
million people directly involved in demanding
equality and justice and an end to racist police
killings and the millions more supporting them;
the many millions who stood against separation of
children from their parents at the border -- show
the united drive of the people for a different
direction for the country. While many rejoice that
Trump is out, most, like nurses and teachers, are
also already engaged in pursuing the fight for
rights. Their united efforts are for a new
direction for politics and the economy, a
direction that favours the interests of the people
by putting their rights front and centre.
Voice of Revolution is a publication of the U.S. Marxist-Leninist Organization.
The contradiction between the modern productive
forces and the outmoded relations of production
and their political reflection and form were on
full display election night.
The major U.S. TV networks went all out election
night to squeeze the life out of the people of the U.S. and reduce their
brains to mush. For the most part the network presenters talked to
walls and the "magic walls" answered with stifling regularity.
CNN's John King talked endlessly and passionately
to his "magic wall" saying softly to it many
times, "This is fun."
Bill Hemmer at Fox News had what he called with a
smile his "Bill board." When someone questioned
Bill if he had any idea what all those little red
and blue "Bill board" squares represented and
meant he candidly replied, "No, I'm looking at
them all on this teleprompter here."
Steve Kornacki at MSNBC had an almost identical
wall but with a more pedestrian name, "interactive
touchscreen map." Steve tried to drive up the
enthusiasm tweeting beforehand, "Heading up to the
studio and not leaving until we've got a result.
Our live coverage starts at 6 -- hope you'll come
along for the ride!"
Chuck Todd on NBC News had what was simply called
the NBC News Map. In a memorable moment, Todd
interpreted the "Map" while pointing to a square
saying, "If Biden comes up short, that's where
he's going to find the votes he should have gotten
to get this." Unfortunately, no one was around who
could interpret Todd's interpretation of what the
"Map" was saying.
The wall was a "magic board" for Anthony Salvanto
on CBS News. A commentator with Variety
noted Salvanto's "intense focus during his
segments at the magic board, focusing on the nitty
gritty of county-by-county analyses of demographic
and turnout patterns in state after state.
Salvanto usually holds a clutch of rolled up
papers in one hand as the other glides across the
magic board's many touch screens. Shortly after
9:00 pm ET, he noted the clear pattern evident
that voters who went to the polls on Tuesday
[November 3] favoured President Trump 69-30,
compared to a 53-46 tilt toward Joe Biden among
early voters in the battleground state of North
Carolina. 'That split defines this [race] as much
as any geography,' Salvanto told viewers." This
profound insight was said to arise probably from
the fact that Salvanto received a PhD in political
science from the University of California at
Tom Llamas handled the "wall" for ABC News. News
reports praised Llamas for his measured use of the
"wall." He premised each "wall" segment with the
warning that before announcing results in this
particular part of the country, "We want to make
sure we have enough of a sample."
Canadian commentator John Doyle writing in the Globe
and Mail was not impressed. In his
article, "The night of jabbering fools: U.S.
TV news fails on election night," he complained,
"You might as well be talking to the walls.... For
all their nerdy guy-stuff minutiae about voting
patterns in obscure counties, none of them can
actually explain what's happening. After 10 hours,
you wish a pox on all their houses and walls."
When the Democratic blue wave predicted by the
polls failed to materialize and in the wee hours
of the morning the race was still too close to
call Doyle wrote, "An air of desperate puzzlement
fell over all the TV coverage. Something about the
unexpectedly tight results meant that the anchors
and pundits knew they were out of their depth.
They were. As a result, watching the U.S.
presidential election results unfold on TV was
total Novocaine -- no high, just numbness."
Doyle and others should step back a minute and
think about what they witnessed. The "magic wall" and the artificial
intelligence (AI) and other modern productive forces have advanced the
world to where people and their collectives can actually take control of
their lives. We can feed ourselves, clothe ourselves, educate ourselves
and house ourselves without the intervention of overlords. We can
organize work to have time to engage in politics, education, culture,
recreation and generally to lift ourselves up as human beings and a
society and take control of our lives, economy, and politics.
The problem is not the magic wall and the
jabbering fools but the economic and political
forms that constrain us within an era long gone,
before we had AI and magic walls. The concrete
conditions of the productive forces are before our
eyes and offer the people a great future but the
outmoded relations of production must be changed
to bring them into conformity with those advanced
What is the ensemble of human relations in the
present telling us, in particular about political
power? What do the human relations say about how
we should organize and harmonize our relations
with one another, our collectives, our work and
the modern productive forces and nature?
People have to continue their fight for what
belongs to them by right. They must seize the
moment and organize themselves in a powerful
contingent of individuals and collectives to
design what the New will be. Humans have always
been able to come up with the political and social
forms necessary, commensurate with the condition
of the productive forces and what the ensemble of all relations between humans and humans and
humans and nature reveal.
This time in history, the people have the chance
to do so consciously, to make history with a plan
and foresight to bring our relations of production
into conformity with the fantastic productive
forces that we have developed, to harmonize our
human relations with one another and our
collectives and with nature.
The U.S. election coverage clearly showed that
reference points and anchors from the past are
flailing about, unable to find their bearings. It
is not a pretty sight.
November 8, 2020. President Luis Arce and
Vice President David Choquehuanca
sworn in for a five-year term.
On Sunday, November 8 President Luis Arce and
Vice President David Choquehuanca were officially
sworn in for a five-year term, completing the
transfer of power from the "transitional
government" imposed on Bolivia by a U.S.-backed
military coup a year ago. President Arce and his
running mate of the Movement Toward
Socialism-Political Instrument for the Sovereignty
of the Peoples (MAS-IPSP) were elected by an
overwhelming majority of over 55 per cent on
October 18. Deputies and Senators who make up the
two chambers of the Plurinational Legislative
Assembly, where MAS-IPSP holds the majority of
seats, had been sworn in earlier. Almost 52 per
cent of those who make up the new legislature are
women, one of the highest percentages in the
Two days before their official swearing-in, at
dawn on Friday, November 6 Luis Arce and David Choquehuanca participated
in an Indigenous ceremony at the ruins of the pre-Columbian city of
Tiwanaku, Bolivia's most important archaelogical and ceremonial site.
There they symbolically assumed the governance of Bolivia by receiving
the staff of power from Amautas (Indigenous wise persons) and pledged to
govern in peace, unity and prosperity, promising not to betray the
trust of the people. A similar ritual was celebrated with them in La Paz
the morning of their swearing-in, led by the National Council of
Amautas, who asked Pachamama (Mother Earth) for permission to open a good path during the presidential term.
November 6, 2020. Indigenous ceremony during which
the new president and vice president
symbolically assumes the governance of
Starting the day before the official swearing-in,
members of unions and many of the organized social
movements that are part of MAS' base, including youth
groups, guarded the area around Murillo Square
where the government buildings are located,
spending the night there. The people's forces were not
about to leave safeguarding the democracy they
fought to restore, and the safety of their new
government, to anyone but themselves, especially
before the transfer of power took place. The
treacherous role played by the country's police
and military, who were instrumental in consummating
last year's coup and in carrying out massacres
against the people is still a fresh memory. The
people's role in defending their electoral victory
was all the more important given that just days
earlier, recalcitrant elements of the reactionary
coup forces, unwilling to accept their humiliating
electoral defeat, were able to engage in a
terrorist attack by detonating dynamite in front
of the MAS headquarters while Luis Arce was
meeting inside with others. That incident followed
the killing last month of the militant and popular
young mineworkers' leader and MAS organizer
Orlando Gutiérrez. He succumbed in hospital to
head injuries suffered in an attack allegedly
carried out by a gang of those elements as well.
MAS senators are sworn in.
Thanks to the vigilance of the organized people,
Sunday's official events and celebrations went off smoothly. They were
enjoyed by the tens of thousands who came from all over the country to
proudly celebrate the victory they achieved by uniting in action to get
rid of the hated coup government of the racist oligarchy. The oligarchy
was intent on destroying the gains of the last 14 years, including the
country's public health system, with disastrous consequences. In
their rejoicing at their ability to restore democratic rule in the short time
that they did, and to hand such a sharp rebuff to the imperialist forces
that set the coup in motion, patriotic Bolivians were joined by many
others worldwide including in Canada and Quebec. Peoples worldwide wish
them well as they take on the challenge of defending what they have
November 9, 2020. Evo Morales and former vice
president Álvaro García Linera greeted in the
border town of Villazón as they cross into Bolivia
We will return and we will be
Declaration of legendary Aymara independence
Tupac Kátari before he was executed by the Spanish
On the morning of Monday, November 9 a multitude
of people gathered in the border town of Villazón
in the south of Bolivia to greet Evo Morales and
former vice president Álvaro García Linera as they
crossed into Bolivia from Argentina where both
have been living as refugees during most of the
past year. Many people travelled 16 hours
overnight, after attending the swearing-in of
President Luis Arce and Vice President David
Choquehuanca in La Paz the day before, to join in
celebrating Evo's much-awaited return to Bolivia.
November 9, 2020. President Alberto Fernández bids
farewell to Evo Morales at a send-off in La Quiaca, Argentina before
walking across the border into Bolivia with him.
crossing the border, Evo was honoured at a large send-off event in the
neighbouring city of La Quiaca in Argentina's Jujuy province. There,
Argentinian President Alberto Fernández bid him farewell, saying, "I am
honoured to have had you among us." The two men embraced and then walked
together across the international bridge to Villazón on the Bolivian
In Villazón, after receiving a traditional Indigenous blessing
upon setting foot on Bolivian soil, Evo and Alvaro were received by a
sea of jubilant supporters who packed the town square and filled the
streets leading up to it for blocks and blocks. Contingents of miners
could be identified by their hard hats. Members of different Indigenous
nations played traditional musical instruments and danced in the
streets -- all contributing to the joyous atmosphere that prevailed.
The rally in Villazón served as the kick-off for a caravan of
vehicles in which Evo, Álvaro and hundreds of supporters
travelled through three departments, starting in the south of Bolivia
and arriving in the Tropic of Cochabamba in the centre of the country
two days later.
In his speech in Villazón, Evo said it was thanks
to the Bolivian people who took action to rescue their democracy and
their country that today MAS was in government and he was back in
Bolivia. It was a message he would repeat many times to the tens of
thousands who came out to the rallies held in towns and cities the
caravan passed through, on its 1,100-km journey through the departments
of Potosí and Oruro to the Tropic of Cochabamba, the caravan’s final
stop. There, in Chimoré, the city where Evo plans to live and work in
the coming period, as he did before becoming president, a million people
turned out to celebrate his arrival.
Evo and Álvaro were fêted at political-cultural
celebrations in large and small population centres
along their route as the people affirmed the rich
ancestral traditions of their regions and their
rights today. Celebrations took place in the
mining towns of Atocha, Uyuni and Oruro, the
quinoa growing region of the Bolivian highlands
and the tropical lowlands of Cochabamba. Between
scheduled stops, Evo and Álvaro had to get out of
the car many times as villagers who lined the
highway waving their Wiphalas and other flags
demanded to personally express their support and
joy at the former president's return, take selfies
with him and give gifts of food and agricultural
products grown in their fields and gardens.
November 9, 2020. Evo Morales and Álvaro García
Linera are welcomed by miners in Antocha.
In a speech to a midnight rally in Uyuni, where
the world's largest salt flat is located and lithium is mined, Evo made a
point of saying that last year's coup was not just an act of Bolivian
right-wing forces. He said they were accompanied, directed and financed
by the United States for the purpose of stopping the process of change
in Bolivia's economy. "They do not want us to benefit from the
added value of our resources, to have the technology to process our
resources," he said.
Bolivia's lithium industry was brought to a
virtual standstill by the coup government when its
attempts to sell it off to private foreign
interests did not work out. Luis Arce has long
said that a MAS government will reactivate the
industry and continue with plans to process more
of the strategic mineral as a national project.
Evo reiterated this, adding that "nationalization
is the program of the people; privatization is the
program of the looters who want to keep on looting
our natural resources." He said that fight was not
just Bolivia's but humanity's fight over who
controls the earth's resources, ending his remarks
with "Long live a dignified and sovereign Bolivia!"
November 10, 2020. Campesinos line the route of
Evo Morales' caravan.
November 10, 2020. Morales visits his childhood home in Orinoca, Oruro
(left): Morales receives gifts of food.
Million-Strong Rally Greets Evo in Tropic of
November 11, 2020. Evo Morales and Álvaro García Linera at Rally in Chimoré.
By the time the caravan arrived at its final
destination in Chimoré, there were people as far
as the eye could see packing the runway of the
city's airport -- the very place Evo and Alvaro
had flown from, a year before to the day, after
accepting the Mexican government's offer of
The event was
organized by the Six Federations of the Tropic of
Cochabamba, the coca growers' union of which Evo
is still the president. In attendance was a broad
section of the Bolivian people as well as
ministers and elected members of the new
Plurinational Legislative Assembly, other
officials from all levels of government,
Indigenous leaders and members of the Unity Pact
of unions and social movements that worked to
elect Luis Arce and David Choquehuanca, and many
others who came from all over Bolivia as well as
neighbouring countries -- Ecuador, Peru, Argentina
and others, to be part of what promised to be, and
was, a historic event.
In his remarks to the crowd Evo explained the
circumstances that led to his and Álvaro's
decision to leave the country -- mainly the fact
that the top leadership of the police and military
had been bought off and were responsible for the
mutiny of those forces. He thanked the thousands
of workers from the Trópico who surrounded the
airport so the plane in which they flew to Mexico
could take off in the tense situation that had
developed. He said he never felt abandoned during
the time he spent as a refugee outside Bolivia.
He attributed the reversal of the coup in just a
year to the strength, unity and convictions of the
Bolivian people, who he also credited with
stopping right-wing forces, right up to the eve of
the inauguration, from preventing Luis Arce from
In closing, he emphasized: "First, we are
anti-imperialist, that's not up for debate. It's not about being
'populist,' 'progressive,' 'in solidarity.' If you're not
anti-imperialist, you are not revolutionary. Get that in your head
brothers and sisters!"
The rally ended with a rousing speech by Álvaro
García Linera who paid tribute to Evo and what he
represented to the Bolivian people, especially the
Indigenous, campesinos, workers and all other
humble people who, after 500 years of subjugation,
lifted themselves up and would never bow their
heads again. He said both he and Evo would keep
fighting for their cause as long as they both
lived no matter how hard the racist usurpers who
burned the Wiphala try to regain the ground they
have lost at the hands of the Bolivian people.
The Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) extends its congratulations and best wishes to Evo
Morales on the happy occasion of his return to
Bolivia to continue his work, in a new capacity,
for the process of transforming Bolivia which
began 14 years ago. Special congratulations as
well to the Bolivian people whose courage,
convictions and steadfastness in the face of very
big odds created the conditions for the return of
the historic leader and founder of MAS-IPSP to
Bolivia. In so doing they have delivered a sharp
and fitting rebuke to the criminal coup forces,
many of them now scurrying to leave Bolivia, and
to their international backers -- Canada's
interfering government among them.
See video clips from Evo Morales' return to
rally with miners in Uyuni, Potosí
campesinos hail Evo's return as caravan passes
view of crowd gathered for rally in Chimoré in
the Tropic of Cochabamba.
November 8, 2020. Inaugural address by President Luis Arce.
TML Weekly is
printing for readers' information unofficial English translations of
President Luis Arce's inaugural address and the speech of Vice
President David Choquehuanca delivered at the Plurinational Legislative
Assembly on November 8. Links to videos of the speeches being delivered
in Spanish are provided at the end of the text.
Inaugural Speech of Luis Arce,
President of the Plurinational State of Bolivia
Honour and Glory to our ancestors who always
Honour and Glory to all the martyrs of the
Honour and Glory to the fallen in Senkata,
Sacaba, El Pedregal!
Honour and Glory to the heroes of the people who
Greetings to the Bolivian people, to brother Vice
President of the Plurinational State of Bolivia,
and President of the Plurinational Legislative
Assembly, brother, jilata David
To the brothers, King Felipe VI of Spain, Felipe
de Borbón and Grecia; President of the Republic of
Argentina, Alberto Fernández; President of the
Republic of Paraguay, Mario Abdo Benítez;
President of the Republic of Colombia, Iván Duque
Márquez; President of the Council of Ministers of
Peru, Walter Roger Martos Ruiz; Second Vice
President of Spain, Mr. Pablo Iglesias.
To the foreign ministers of the Islamic Republic
of Iran, the Oriental Republic of Uruguay, the
Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela and the Republic
of Chile, Almuhamed Al Jasmi, delegate of His
Highness, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed bin Sultan Al
Nahayan, President of the United Arab Emirates.
To the parliamentarians from sister countries,
official delegates from other countries who are
with us today, General Secretaries of the CAN,
Parlasur; the Ibero-American General Secretary;
ALBA, Inter-American Development Bank;
representatives of international organizations,
the diplomatic corps accredited in Bolivia;
election observers; the President of the Senate;
the President of the Chamber of Deputies; to all
the senators and deputies.
National and subnational authorities of the
Plurinational State of Bolivia; authorities of the
organs of the State; High Military and Police
Command; democratic former presidents; religious
and spiritual authorities.
Executives of social, peasant, Indigenous and
workers' organizations; representatives of
political parties, the leadership and members of
the Movement Toward Socialism-Political
Instrument for the Sovereignty of the Peoples.
Greetings to the family of our brother, jilata
David Choquehuanca, and a very special greeting to
my family -- for my mother Olga, my wife, Lourdes,
my children: Marcelo, Rafael, Camila.
My grandchildren and my entire family, whom I
thank today from this rostrum for all their
patience and support.
During the years that I was Minister of Economy
and Public Finance, I sacrificed many years with
you, to dedicate myself to serving our country,
and today I ask you for five more years of
patience and tolerance.
The De Facto Government
I greet with much affection all Bolivian women
and men who are accompanying us on this historic
day for the Bolivian people.
As of November 10, 2019, after 21 days in which
the popular will expressed at the polls was hidden
and they came up with a winner, Bolivia was the
scene of an internal and systematic war against
the people, especially against the most humble.
The two tasks that the de facto
government gave itself: pacification of the
country and an immediate election call were not
fulfilled, quite the contrary. Death, fear and
discrimination were sown, racism intensified, and
the pandemic was used to extend an illegal and
The persecution and criminalization unleashed by
the regime against leaders of the MAS-IPSP and
social movements, against humble women and men of
the people, resulted in deaths, injuries,
imprisonment, persecution, asylum and exile.
Sacaba, Senkata and El Pedregal are irrefutable
proof of the brutality of the regime, but they are
also a symbol of dignity and resistance alongside
men like Carlos Orlando Gutiérrez Luna, a great
mining leader who bravely fought for the recovery
of democracy and who will always live in the heart
of the people.
But, as Marcelo Quiroga Santa Cruz, that
socialist leader assassinated in another coup in
1980, would say, it is not hatred that drives our
actions, but a passion for justice.
A New Stage
This November 8, 2020, we begin a new stage in
our history, and we want to do so with a
government that is of all and for all, without
discrimination of any kind.
Our government will seek at all times to rebuild
our homeland in unity to live in peace.
On this path, democracy is a fundamental value of
the peoples and it is the one that unequivocally
expresses the will of the population and is also
an organizing axis of our institutionality and of
Democracy is not only the vote to elect
authorities at all levels, but also open, fair
elections. It is the participation of everyone
without the exclusion of anyone, even more so of
the social and national cultural majorities. It is
the protection of civil and political rights such
as freedom of expression and freedom of
organization. It is political pluralism.
All these requirements to qualify a system as
democratic were mutilated in one year of a de
facto government. For months their mouths
were filled with democracy for some, while trying
to outlaw not only the MAS, but the people as a
Since the recovery of democracy in Bolivia in
1982, which was the product of the Bolivian
people's struggle, never until now has there been
evidence of a democracy mutilated of its central
contents. An immense multinational majority faced
the danger of proscription, criminalization and
Social movements, peasants and Indigenous
peoples, and workers were stigmatized. We were
called savages, seditious, terrorists. Women in polleras
were humiliated, our Wiphala burned, which is like
burning ourselves, like burning our roots. From
minority sectors of the population, as was evident
in the elections last October, they wanted a
democracy only for a few.
In fact, these minority sectors raise the flag of
democracy only when it suits them, and when not,
they resort to destabilization, violence, and coup
d'états to seize power.
Unfortunately, some groups want to return to an
exclusionary democracy, mutilating our
plurinationality, in which those majorities who
with the effort of their work make the Bolivia of
every day possible, do not participate.
However, despite these adverse conditions,
despite the fact that the people's participation
was threatened by the violence of the de facto
government and paramilitary groups in the
October 18 elections, we obtained a historic
victory at the polls with more than 55 per cent.
"We Are the Majority"
We are the majority. This means that the Bolivian
population voted for peace and stability, for hope
and dignity, for the reunion of all Bolivian women
That 55.10 per cent vote does not belong to Luis
Arce or David Choquehuanca. This vote is the
product of the consciousness and organization of a
people that does not want freedom for a few, but
It is the vote of a people that does not want
wellbeing for a few, but for all; who does not
want happiness for a few, but for all.
We assume this mandate that the population gives
us -- the people -- to work tirelessly and humbly
for the reconstruction of our Homeland, and we
commit to rectify what was wrong and to strengthen
what was right.
In October 2020, intercultural democracy
triumphed, democracy that permits deliberation and
organization from below triumphed, and democracy
that translates that will, that creative force
through voting, triumphed. But democracy is also
the materialization of the rights contained in our
Political Constitution of the State.
It is useless to elect the authorities by voting
if, at the same time, the people to whom democracy
is owed are deprived of fundamental rights, such
as access to health, education, work, income and
Democracy is having the right to enjoy the wealth
that is for everyone and not for a few, as we
upheld during 14 years and that we are going to
deepen in our Government: the redistribution of
income. The bonds will always go hand in
hand with our economic policy.
We are going to work together to recover the
growth levels that the de facto government
shattered, and we will do so by reducing poverty,
as well as economic and social inequalities. These
are the principles that guide our productive
community social economic model to which we will
The "Triple Crisis"
Today our country faces a triple crisis that
began in November 2019 with the coup d'état and
deepened with the pandemic.
The political crisis generated by a government
that did not come out of the ballot box or respect
the regulations of the Plurinational Legislative
Assembly, much less its adherence to the Political
Constitution of the State.
The health crisis resulting from the emergence of
the global COVID-19 pandemic in Bolivia, and to
which the de facto government was unable to offer
an adequate comprehensive response.
The economic crisis derived from the inability of
the Government to generate stability and growth
with social justice. In one year all the gains of
the Bolivian people receded.
There are those who have argued that the current
situation is solely and exclusively the product of the action of that
silent enemy called COVID-19, but wanting to blame the pandemic for this
situation is not right. The crisis had been forming on the horizon
since the coup d'état, after the abrupt change in economic policy and
was exacerbated by the effects of the health crisis.
Today our national economy is in the middle of a
deep recession; currently there is a drop in the
GDP of 11.1 per cent.
According to data published by the National
Statistical Institute, in the second trimester of this year our country
went from leading the economic growth of South America for six years in
the period between 2006 and November 2019 to presenting the biggest fall
in the economy in the last almost 40 years. In the same way the fiscal
deficit projected for 2020 reaches 12.1 per cent and becomes the highest
since the period of the UDP [Popular Democratic Union]. The deficit of
the financial public sector as of September already reaches 5.6 per
For its part, the General Treasury has budgeted
for a deficit of 8.7 per cent, mainly explained by
the increase in current spending, since the
current deficit of the Treasury has reached 8.1
per cent in the current administration. These
figures show that in only one year of economic
management by the de facto government
things went from an economy that privileged public
investment and income redistribution, to having
the need to contract public debt to pay the wages
and salaries of the public sector. There was also
a drastic increase in the public debt.
Between November 2019 and October 2020 the
transition government indebted the country for more than 4.2 billion
dollars between the internal and external debt. Of particular note is
its contracting of a debt with the Central Bank of Bolivia for
approximately $1.9 billion and 800 million through public auctions of
General Treasury bonds. In the area of foreign debt, foreign credits
were incurred for more than $1.5 billion. To close the year, they
programmed an additional debt of 4.4 billion bolivianos in the domestic
Net international reserves decreased by $881
million between November 2019 and October 2020,
representing a fall of approximately 13 per cent
as of November 2019.
International reserves stood at $6.459 billion,
and as of October of this year they are only
$5.578 billion. Only in the month of October the
reserves decreased by $777 million.
The de facto government leaves an
economy with figures that were not seen even in
one of the worst crises that Bolivia suffered in
the UDP government in the decade of the '80s of the
last century; unemployment, poverty and
inequalities have increased. We have before us the
great challenge of rebuilding our economy, of
generating certainty, of generating growth with
income redistribution, of reducing economic and
social inequalities, but we are sure that working
together with the people we will once again
A Message of Hope
Today we are here to send a message of hope to
all the nations that make up Bolivia, to those brave women and men who
go out every day to fight to overcome this difficult situation. They are
the example for a political class that must turn this dark page of its
history, to look at the present with responsibility and commitment and
the future with optimism, focusing on a single objective: that each and
every Bolivian can live well.
That is why we will give continuity to the
construction of a plural and diverse economy that
recovers, strengthens and promotes all the
potential that we have, initiatives and capacities
of Bolivia from the community of native peoples
and peasants, the State, the private sector,
cooperatives and the broad cultural diversity.
For months we have planned a series of actions to
activate our economy and stimulate the internal
economy. We have great projects that we are going
to gradually launch in the coming months, thus
fulfilling our campaign commitment with the
people, because every day that passes without
taking action, is a day that the situation in
Bolivia becomes more complicated.
Our country today more than ever requires effort
and synchronized mobilization between civil
society and all State organs, between the public
sector and the private sector; just like between
the different political groups.
Despite the differences, we are obliged to
measure up to the people, who demand unity, peace
Unity and complementarity between east and west,
between the country and the city. We are all
Bolivia, we must put an end to fear in Bolivia.
I believe in justice, not in fostering an
environment of resentment and revenge, that does
not respect diversity of thought, where being from
another party or political colour makes you the
object of hatred.
That must end. I believe and support the
reinforcement, the institutional framework of the
State and in generating a safe and stable
environment where the only ones who should be
afraid are the offenders, criminals, violent
people and those who commit acts of corruption.
Our government will work oriented in the present
and future, serving the Bolivian people, for
collective interests and not individual petty
"We Are a Sovereign Nation"
From this rostrum where the democratic will of
our people is concentrated, I also want to address
the international community, the sisters and
brothers from other countries who visit us today.
We are a sovereign nation, with a government born
in the ballot box and our will is to work for a
multipolar world, in which there is no supremacy
of any power and in which all States and human
beings live without fear, without wars, without
hatred, without looting our natural resources;
without exploitation, without racism and
discrimination; without threats, without pressure
of any kind.
We strongly assume today more than ever the
principles of self-determination of peoples,
non-intervention, the non-alignment and full legal
and political equality of all States without any
form of subordination.
We are committed to an emancipatory and
non-subordinate integration that considers all
areas of life, from health and education to
We demand South-South integration in a globalized
world that does not impose designs from the North.
We advocate the political unity of the diversity
of Latin America and the Caribbean. CELAC is the
best way to realize such a noble and historic
We are once again in keeping with our CELAC
resolution of 2014, when we declared Latin America
and the Caribbean as a territory of peace.
We raise the flag of the peoples' diplomacy for
life and a world without walls. We must put an end
to everything that prevents us from recognizing
ourselves as equals, as sisters, as brothers.
In our sub-region, we propose the recovery of
Unasur as a space for integration and a mechanism for political dialogue
in which we all participate, regardless of the political orientation of
"I Assume the Presidency with Humility"
Dear Bolivian people, I am in front of all of you
today with great emotion, but with an enormous
sense of responsibility that is born from the love
I have for our country, our roots and the people,
but also the promises made before this political
campaign. That is why I want to reaffirm from here
my commitment to honour each one of them.
I assume the Presidency of the Plurinational
State of Bolivia with great humility, with great
honour and with great gratitude for the trust
placed in us.
We will govern with responsibility and inclusion,
representing all of you, facing the necessary
changes with the aim that Bolivia return to the
path of stability as soon as possible.
Today we face the enormous challenge of having to
write together with the letters that will define
the next five years of our history, hoping to be
remembered as the government in which the Bolivian
people rose to recover democracy, dignity, peace,
growth and social justice.
We will work tirelessly, serving the Bolivian
people. We will defeat the pandemic, we will
triumph over the crisis as we have done in
previous years, because we are a fighting,
persevering and courageous people who look without
fear and with optimism and with the strength of
knowing that we are capable of achieving.
In my travels through all of Bolivia, together
with brother jilata David, I have felt the pain,
but also the hope of millions and millions of
I will never forget the tears, the hugs, the
smiles, the words of strength that they gave me at
all times, nor the personal stories that they
shared with me in each place I passed through.
We will not forget the hopes of those who have
been so affected in this fateful year marked by
the blow to democracy and by this cruel pandemic.
Their faces, their voices, their love and hope
will always be present with me today and will
accompany me at all times for the next five years.
By your mandate, dear sisters and brothers, I
assume with great humility and responsibility the
Presidency of the Plurinational State.
I look at the past, everything we have lived
through and overcome. I lift my eyes and see that
a better Bolivia is possible, with the
participation and work of each and every Bolivian.
Let's walk in peace, side by side to achieve it.
We will move forward!
Long live the Plurinational State of Bolivia!
Honour and glory to the Bolivian people!
Thank you very much.
Inaugural Speech of David Choquehuanca,
President of the Plurinational State of Bolivia
With the permission of our gods, of our older
brothers, of our Pachamama, of our ancestors, of
our Achachilas, with the permission of our
Patujú, of our rainbow, of our sacred coca
With the permission of our peoples, with the
permission of everyone present and not present in
Today I want to share our thoughts in a few
It is an obligation to communicate, an obligation
to dialogue, it is a principle of living well.
The peoples of millenial cultures, of the culture
of life, have sustained our origins since the dawn
of ancient times.
We children have inherited an ancient culture
that understands that everything is interrelated,
that nothing is divided and that nothing is
That is why they tell us that we all go together,
that no one is left behind, that everyone has
everything and no one lacks anything.
And the well-being of all is the well-being of
oneself, that helping is a reason to grow and be
happy, that giving up for the benefit of the other
makes us feel strengthened, that uniting and
recognizing ourselves in everything is the path of
yesterday, today, tomorrow and always, from which
we've never strayed.
The Ayni, the Minka, the Tumpa,
our Colka and other codes of ancient
cultures are the essence of our life, of our Ayllu.
Ayllu is not only the organization of a
society of human beings, Ayllu is a system
of organization of life, of all beings, of
everything that exists, of everything that flows
in balance on our planet or Mother Earth.
During centuries the civilizing canons of Abya
Yala were destructured, re-semanticized and many
of them exterminated; original thought was
systematically subjected to colonial thought.
But they could not extinguish us, we are alive,
we are from Tiwanaku, we are strong, we are like
stone, we are kalawalla, we are cholke,
we are sinchi, we are Rumy, we are
Jenecherú, the fire that never goes out; we are
from Samaipata, we are jaguar, we are Katari, we
are Ainus, we are Maoris, we are Commanches, we
are Mayans, we are Guarani, we are Mapuches, we
are Mojeños, we are Aymara, we are Quechuas, we
are Hopis, and we are all the peoples of the
culture of life who awaken our Larama --
Larama that is equal, rebellious, with
A Transition Every 2,000 Years
Today Bolivia and the world are living through a
transition that is repeated every 2,000 years,
within the framework of the cyclicity of the
times, we go from no time to time, beginning the
new dawn, a new Pachakuti in our history
A new sun and a new expression in the language of
life where empathy for the other or the collective
good replaces selfish individualism.
Where we Bolivians see one another as equals, and
we know that united we are worth more, we are in
the times of being Jiwasa again: it is not
me, it is us.
Jiwasa is the death of egocentrism, Jiwasa
is the death of anthropocentrism and it is the
death of eurocentrism.
We are in the times of returning to being Iyambae,
it is a code that our Guarani brothers have
protected, and Iyambae is the same as a
person who has no owner. Nobody in this world has
to feel they are the owner of anyone or anything.
Since 2006 in Bolivia we began hard work to
connect our individual and collective roots, to
return to being ourselves, to return to our
centre, to the taypi, to the pacha, to
the equilibrium from which the wisdom of one of
the most important civilizations of our planet
We are in the process of recovering our
knowledge, the codes of the culture of life, the
civilizing canons of a society that lived
intimately connected with the cosmos, with the
world, with nature and with individual and
collective life; to build our Suma Qamaña,
from our Allin Kawsay, from
our Suma Akalle, which is to guarantee the
individual good and the collective or community
We are in times of recovering our identity, our
cultural roots, our sapi. We have cultural
roots, we have philosophy, history, we have
everything, we are persons, and we have rights.
One of the unshakeable canons of our civilization
is the inherited wisdom around the Pacha.
Guaranteeing balance in all time and space is
knowing how to manage all the complementary
energies, the cosmic one that comes from the
heavens, with the earth that emerges from under
These two telluric cosmic forces interact,
creating what we call life as a visible (Pachamama)
and spiritual (Pachakama) totality.
By understanding life in terms of energy we have
the possibility to modify our history, matter and
life as the convergence of the Chacha-warmi
force, when we refer to the complementarity of
The new time that we are beginning will be
sustained by the energy of the Ayllu, the
community, consensus, horizontality, complementary
equilibriums and the common good.
Historically, revolution is understood as a
political act to change the social structure, in
order to transform the life of the individual.
None of the revolutions has managed to modify the
conservation of power, to maintain control over
"Our Revolution Is the Revolution of Ideas"
It was not possible to change the nature of
power, but power has managed to distort the minds
of politicians; power can corrupt and it is very
difficult to modify the strength of power and its
institutions, but it is a challenge that we will
assume from the wisdom of our own peoples. Our
revolution is the revolution of ideas, it is the
revolution of equilibriums, because we are
convinced that to transform society, the
government, the bureaucracy, the laws and the
political system, we must change as individuals.
We are going to promote opposing coincidences to
find solutions between the right and the left,
between the rebelliousness of the young and the
wisdom of the grandparents, between the limits of
science and an unyielding nature, between creative
minorities and traditional majorities, between the
sick and the healthy, between those who govern and
the governed, between the cult leadership and the
gift of serving others.
Our truth is very simple: the condor takes flight
only when its right wing is in perfect equilibrium
with its left wing. The task of forming ourselves
as balanced individuals was brutally interrupted
centuries ago, we have not concluded it and the
time of the Ayllu era, community, is
already with us.
It requires that we be free and balanced
individuals to build harmonious relationships with
others and with our environment, it is urgent that
we be beings capable of sustaining equilibrium
for ourselves and for the community.
We are in the times of the brothers of the Apanaka
Pachakuti, brothers of change, where our
fight was not only for ourselves, but also for
them and not against them. We seek the mandate, we
do not seek confrontation; we seek peace, we are
not from the culture of war or domination; our
struggle is against all kinds of submission and
against the single, colonial, patriarchal thought,
wherever it comes from.
The idea of the encounter of spirit and matter,
heaven and earth, of Pachamama and Pachakama,
allows us to think that a new woman and man will
be able to heal humanity, the planet, and the
beautiful life that is in it and return the beauty
to our Mother Earth.
We will defend the sacred treasures of our
culture from all interference, we will defend our
peoples, our natural resources, our freedoms and
"We Will Return to Qhapak Ñan"
We will return to our Qhapak Ñan, the
noble path of integration, the path of truth, the
path of brotherhood, the path of unity, the path
of respect for our authorities, for our sisters,
the path of respect for fire, the path of respect
for the rain, the path of respect for our
mountains, the path of respect for our rivers, the
path of respect for our Mother Earth, the path of
respect for the sovereignty of our peoples.
Brothers and sisters, in conclusion, Bolivians
must overcome division, hatred, racism,
discrimination among compatriots, no more
persecution of freedom of expression, no more
judicialization of politics.
No more abuse of power, power has to be to help,
power has to circulate, power, as well as the
economy, has to be redistributed, it has to
circulate, it has to flow, just as blood flows
within our body, no more impunity, justice,
brothers and sisters.
But justice has to be truly independent. Let us
put an end to intolerance, to the violation of
human rights and of our Mother Earth.
The new time means listening to the message of
our peoples that comes from the bottom of their
hearts, it means healing wounds, looking at one
another with respect, recovering the homeland,
dreaming together, building brotherhood, harmony,
integration, hope, to guarantee the peace and
happiness of the new generations.
Only in this way can we achieve living well and
For the full video in
Spanish of the inaugural speech of President
Luis Arce click
here and for that of Vice President and
President of the Plurinational Legislative
Assembly, David Choquehuanca click
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