March 26, 2016 - No. 13
In Memory of
Wolverine William Jones
William Jones Ignace
16, 1932 – March 22, 2016
• No to Both State Terrorism and
Individual Acts of Terror!
- Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) -
at the Budget
• Let's Call a Spade a Spade --
The Trudeau Budget Is Meant to Consolidate Monopoly Right and
• Discussion on Taxation
• Corporate Taxation Is a
Canada Plans Takeover
UN Occupying Force in Haiti
• Oppose Canada's Decision to Send
Troops to Haiti!
• No to Canadian
Take Command of MINUSTAH
- Coalition of Haitians in Montreal Against the
Visit of U.S.
President to Cuba
• An Historic Visit
• At Least Three Glaring
After Obama's Visit to Cuba
- TeleSUR Editorial -
• Obama in the
Grand Theatre or Obama's Grand Theatre in Havana?
- Iroel Sánchez -
• Canadians Plan Warm Welcome for
Cuban Five Hero
Gerardo Hernández Nordelo
Visit of U.S. President
• Social Movements Say "Obama,
17th Anniversary of
NATO Bombing of Yugoslavia -- March 24,
• One of History's Great
• Statement of CPC(M-L),
Anti-War Actions on
Anniversary of U.S. Invasion of Iraq
• Actions Demand End to Canada's
Aggressive Wars and Occupation
Secwepemc Elder Wolverine William Jones Ignace
"Tuesday, March 22nd, 2016
Secwepemc War Hero and Elder Wolverine William Jones Ignace
passed on to the Spirit World at his home in Secwepemc Territory.
Wolverine earned his Battle Honours at Ts'Peten, Gustafsen Lake
Siege in 1995, where he and other Warriors successfully survived a
military attack launched by the Canadian government, in defence
of his unsurrendered Secwepemc Lands. He leaves with us a great
legacy of Indigenous Resistance, Struggle and Victory. He is
widely respected and loved, not only by his family, community and
Secwepemc Nation, but throughout the World as well. Wolverine lit
the fires of Freedom in the hearts and spirits of countless
Peoples fighting for Indigenous Lives, Lands and Rights.
Wolverine will be greatly missed by Indigenous Warriors on the
frontlines from Alaska to South America.
expressed a deep will for the
continue the important and crucial work in fighting for our
unceded Secwepemc Territory, including the demand for a National
Inquiry into the siege at Gustafsen Lake. As well as to carry on
his Nourish the Nation Garden, to feed the frontlines." --
Ts'Peten Defence Committee
Wolverine rose to become an historic personality in the
against colonialism, racism and the lawlessness of the Canadian
state with his physical and legal defence of Secwepmec claims to
sovereignty, for land title as well as jurisdiction over their
lands during the 1995 Gustafsen Lake siege and later during the
criminal trials and appeals arising from the illegal, racist and
colonial assault by the Canadian state against the Ts'Peten
Defenders. For many years before 1995 Wolverine studied
profoundly the lawful rights of Indigenous peoples and traveled
widely speaking about this subject to Indigenous peoples
throughout the Americas, even to the United Nations. He
repudiated the unlawful European colonial assertions of "right of
discovery" and "terra nullius" used to wipe out the inhabitants
and annex the lands of Indigenous countries throughout the
"Americas." He upheld and vigorously argued for the sovereignty
of all the Indigenous peoples, for their land title with full
juridical authority over them.
When the BC NDP government in 1995 headed by Premier
Harcourt and Attorney General Ujjal Dosanjh ordered some 400 RCMP
to surround a small Sundance Ceremony comprised of 17 Indigenous
people including children and four non-Native people on a grassland
next to Gustafsen Lake, Wolverine had already submitted a court
action on the question of title, sovereignty and jurisdiction,
which went even further than the Delgamuukw
case (Supreme Court
1997). The rancher who claimed a lease over the land where the
Sundance was in progress had never made an issue of their
presence in previous years. It was only made an issue after
Wolverine filed his claim and the state got involved to defeat
the claim. How the rest of the story played out indicates it was
a provocation to criminalize the legal fight over the question of
sovereignty and jurisdiction.
Gathering to mark the 20th anniversary of the Ts'Peten Defenders'
defence of their lands and rights, September 15, 2015.
The story of what took place at Gustafsen Lake is still
not known well enough in BC and throughout Canada or the world. Four
hundred RCMP fired over 70,000 rounds of ammunition at the camp over
several days, luckily only wounding one person. They set a mine which
blew up a pick-up truck used by the camp to fetch water. The Canadian
Armed Forces Joint Task Force 2 entered the siege through an illegal
arrangement between Dosanjh and the Chrétien Liberal government
of the day. The media in collaboration with RCMP Sergeant Peter
Montague, infamous for his videotaped remark "smear campaigns are our
speciality," bombarded the public with lies and disinformation day in
and day out. The army lent the RCMP four "Buffalo" armoured vehicles
and used helicopters against the land defenders in the name of
"suppressing terrorism," all at public expense. Wolverine was
subsequently brought before a heavily-armed court in shackles and
placed in a bulletproof glass box as if he were a terrorist. In one of
the most egregious travesties of justice ever seen in Canada, the court
ignored the evidence and gave Wolverine an eight-year prison sentence.
This is why, although at the end of his days with
Wolverine issued a call on the 20th anniversary of Gustafsen Lake
for an official inquiry into the RCMP and government violation of
federal, constitutional and international law in dealing with the
lawful stand of Wolverine and his comrades that were defending
unceded Secwepemc territory.
Indeed, what stands out most prominently throughout the
and work of Wolverine was his persistent and principled stand
that the annexation of Indigenous countries, lands and peoples by
the Anglo-Canadian state violated the rule of law, domestic and
international. He defended this courageous stand in 1997 in front
of Appeals Court Justice Allan McEachern, who tried to persuade
Wolverine and his co-defendant, James "OJ" Pitawanakwat, to
abandon their appeal based on the rule of law -- sovereignty and
jurisdiction -- and take up instead arguments based on
self-defence and "colour of right" which McEachern strongly
suggested would result in his being freed from his eight-year
Wolverine would not budge and persisted with his legal
argument based on jurisdiction. The BC Appeals Court rejected it;
the Supreme Court of Canada refused to review it. Wolverine went
back to prison. OJ fled to the United States and filed for
political refugee status. Through the meticulous work of
Dacajeweiah (Splitting the Sky) and his co-worker, Anthony Hall,
Oregon Judge Janice Stewart ruled OJ was a political refugee from
Canada. This strong slap on the face of the Canadian state was
never appealed by Canada. His right to return to Canada remains
one of the ongoing unresolved issues arising from the 1995
Wolverine's lifelong principled and unyielding defence
Indigenous nations' rights to sovereignty, land title and
jurisdiction reminds us of the historical task to destroy "root and
branch" the basis of Anglo-Canadian colonialism. This remains a
major practical political task as we take up the renewal of the
political process and engage in modern nation-building.
Regardless of the population ratio of Indigenous peoples to
non-Indigenous settlers now residing in Canada, a modern
constitution must give pride of place to the principles for which
Wolverine so persistently fought.
Wolverine was a dearly beloved elder of the Secwepemc
whose southern homeland straddles the South Thompson River, site
of the largest sockeye salmon run in BC. An organic farmer as
well as a fighter for Indigenous peoples' sovereignty and
jurisdiction over their unceded lands, he and his wife Flo always
brought abundant quantities of food from their organic gardens to
the activists taking up their various land claim struggles
against the resource monopolies and governments. They traveled
far, such as in 1992 when they took food to the activists at the
blockade of the Cree Nation at Wiggins Bay, Saskatchewan to stop
clear cutting of their forests.
The life work of Wolverine among many others of his
generation in defence of Indigenous sovereignty, land title and
jurisdiction, has made an important contribution to the younger
generation as well as to opening the eyes of Canadians to the
tasks that continue before us. The old Canada represented by the
RCMP, the racist parliaments and eurocentric court system must
give way to the new.
Wolverine's life and work contributed to that fight for
new. May his spirit join that of his comrade and fellow fighter
Dacajeweiah (Splitting the Sky) and all the other Indigenous
freedom fighters of times past. May his spirit inspire
generations of new fighters for the human-centred Canada which is
striving to be born.
Click to enlarge.
2. Detailed accounts of these
historic moments can be
in The Autobiography of Dacajeweiah, Splitting the Sky, John
Boncore Hill, from Attica to Gustafsen Lake written with She
Keeps the Door (Sandra Bruderer) and at this website.
3. See TML Weekly, January
Terrorist Attacks in Belgium, Turkey and
No to Both State Terrorism and
Individual Acts of Terror!
The Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist)
the devastating bombings which took place in Brussels, Belgium on
the morning of March 22, leaving more than two dozen dead and
nearly two hundred wounded, as well as brutal crimes on the same
scale in Ankara, Turkey on March 13 and in two locations in Iraq
on March 6 and March 21.
CPC(M-L) rejects all forms
of terrorism, both state
and individual acts of terror. CPC(M-L) also condemns the use of
such events as a pretext to step up imperialist war preparations,
invasions and aggression to bring about "regime change." We call
on Canadians to also oppose all actions by the big powers which
criminalize the right to conscience of human beings in the name
of defending security, opposing "radicalization," defending
civilized values and other pretexts.
CPC(M-L) condemns the statements of European rulers
to whom the violence in Brussels is an attack on Europe when it
is they themselves who block the peoples of Europe from sorting
out the problems of nation-building in the 21st century, starting
by disavowing the colonialist past and imperialist present of the
big European powers and dismantling the U.S.-led aggressive
military alliance NATO.
The more the old powers of Europe block their
to progress, the more Europe descends into the abyss of anarchy
and violence. Meanwhile, the peoples are again the victims of the
striving of the big powers to impose their aims on humanity and
not permit problems to be resolved.
These events are taking place in the midst of measures
seeking justice for the previous events in France in November
2015. This is not justice. The killings in Paris tore the mask
from the democratic façade of the European nation-states
and further reveal that police rule is defending neither security
nor rights. Furthermore, the climate of fear imposed is an
assault on the right to conscience. Irrationality prevails, such
as making the state of exception part of the Constitution and
what is called the government of laws.
The government of Canada is
no less responsible for the
climate of anarchy and violence which prevails at this time in
Europe and the Middle East. It claims a non-combat role in Iraq,
Syria and Lebanon while it props up the invasions by the U.S. and
European powers, and the groups that engage in acts of terror
under the guise that they form a legitimate opposition. Canada
claims that its model of "strength in diversity" should be
followed by all countries while it works to overthrow secular and
independent states in West Asia and North Africa claiming that it
supports freedom of religion and the rights of women.
CPC(M-L) opposes hypocritical attempts to promote
values" in a way that deprives the people of their right to
conscience. The questions which concern matters of war and peace,
security and rights concern the peoples everywhere. CPC(M-L)
calls on Canadians to go all out to make sure it is they, and not
the rulers who have brought Canada under U.S. command, who
determine Canada's role internationally.
All Out to Establish an Anti-War
No to Rule
by Exception and the Negation of Rights!
All Foreign Troops Should Return to Their Countries of Origin
Looking at the Budget
Let's Call a Spade a Spade --
The Trudeau Budget Is Meant to
Consolidate Monopoly Right and Class Privilege
Part One: A Budget in
Opposition to Nation-Building
The aim of the Trudeau Liberals' first budget, tabled March 22 by
Finance Minister Bill Morneau, is found in the details. The monopoly
capitalist system is wracked by contradictions and is in crisis on all
fronts. The ruling imperialist elite are desperate to try anything to
stabilize the sinking ship to serve their narrow private interests and
avert a new pro-social direction led by the working class.
How do the rich increase their social wealth in Canada
let alone protect it and their class privilege and control, when
the rate of profit is under attack and only limited places are
safe for investment? One answer is through state-organized pay-the-rich
schemes. The Trudeau budget is full of such schemes that
can be discussed one after another.
Pay the Rich Through State Borrowing from the
International Financial Oligarchy
The projected accumulated federal deficit from now
fiscal year 2020-21 is $118.6 billion. The method to cover the
deficit is by borrowing from private owners of social wealth
adding to the national debt held mostly by the international
financial oligarchy. During the same period, the payment of
public funds to service the interest charges on the federal debt
is calculated as $175.5 billion. The outflow in public funds to
private lenders in interest payments alone exceeds the deficits
by $56.9 billion. Does this make economic sense for
The Trudeau government does not have any other plan to
finance the deficits even though alternative methods exist under
monopoly capitalism. At one time, the government looked to
another state institution, the Bank of Canada, to finance its
deficits rather than private lenders from the financial
oligarchy. The state debt to itself was then recovered through an
expansion of the economy and increased public revenue with no
outflow and loss of public wealth to private sources.
"The [Bank of Canada] played an important role in
Canada's war effort during World War II by printing money and
buying the government's debt. After the war, the bank's role was
expanded as it was mandated to encourage economic growth in
Canada. An Act of Parliament in September 1944 established the
subsidiary Business Development Bank of Canada to stimulate
investment in Canadian businesses."
"Public debt to private
mostly international institutional
lenders has no reason to exist. It has become an enforced form of
tribute within the U.S.-led imperialist system of states. Some
Canadians contend this form of tribute paid as a consequence of
private lending to governments is illegal and have launched a
lawsuit to prohibit the practice. They argue that the
publicly-owned Bank of Canada by law is obligated to provide
loans to governments at low or zero-interest rates, as was
practiced from 1938 to 1974."
It is ironic that Justin Trudeau's father, the former
Minister Pierre Elliot Trudeau and the Liberal Party in power at
the time were instrumental in consolidating Canada's submission
to state borrowing from the international financial
"The most powerful owners of social wealth in the U.S.
launched an attack in Canada against the verdict of the
anti-fascist war using their political, economic, military and
social connections and power. At the federal level, the post-war
Liberal Party under Louis St. Laurent, Lester B. Pearson and
Pierre Elliot Trudeau became their governmental weapon to annex
Canada into the U.S.-led imperialist system of states and its
"In the early 1970s, the Trudeau Liberal Party in power
federally directed the Bank of Canada to join the Bank for
International Settlements (BIS) an organization of finance
capital consisting of sixty countries within the U.S.-led
imperialist system of states. The BIS is one of the forms,
including the IMF and World Bank that ensnares all into the
clutches of finance capital dominated by U.S. imperialism
creating conditions for unprecedented flows of tribute to the
most powerful owners of social wealth."
Another alternative in addition to enhancing the role
Bank of Canada exists in the creation of a public enterprise in
the commercial financial sector to compete with the big banks in
all aspects of the financial system including deposits and
lending, and to eliminate all pay-the-rich schemes in this
sector. A public financial enterprise would be another source of
public funds for government borrowing if a government would have
the courage to go toe to toe with the private banks, insurance
and major money lending companies.
To add insult to injury, the government deficits in
present form, which incur debt to the rich, are not leading to
any expansion of Canadian manufacturing, for example in the steel
or energy sectors, or even much towards investments in social
programs and public services to grow the public social
infrastructure so necessary for nation-building.
No mention was made in the budget of the importance of
Canadian manufacturing especially public enterprise, which is a
stable alternative to the recurring crises in the private sector.
Only passing notice was given to the public social and material
infrastructure to build lasting public institutions to guarantee
the well-being of all. Everything is geared to handing over
public funds to the biggest private construction and engineering
The two largest regular transfers of federal money
Quebec, provincial and territorial social infrastructure are the
Canada Health Transfer and the Canada Social Transfer. Both those
amounts are stagnant over the long term with this budget.
The Canada Health Transfer, which is the major federal
contribution to the public health care system, goes from $36.1
billion in Trudeau's first fiscal year, 2016-17 to $41.9 billion in
2020-21. This amount will not keep pace with population growth
and price inflation.
The Canada Social Transfer, which is the major federal
contribution to non-health social programs especially education
goes from $13.3 billion in 2016-17 to $15.0 billion in 2020-21. This
reflects the unwillingness of the Trudeau government to build the
public education system, especially at the post-secondary level
or a national public daycare system.
The spending that has received the most attention is
Canada Child Benefit, which increases this fiscal year but by
2021 the annual aggregate falls. The total transfer to persons in
this category jumps from $14.3 billion in 2014-15 to $21.9
billion in 2016-17 and then falls back to $21.8 billion by 2020-21. The
amount stalls because the increase is a one-time feature coupled
with the elimination of several child related tax credits and
The programs to be scrapped include
the Canada Child Tax
Benefit, the National Child Benefit Supplement, the Universal
Child Care Benefit, the Children's Fitness Tax Credit and the
Children's Arts Tax Credit, and Income tax Splitting for Couples
with Children. The elimination of these programs claws back all
but around $4 billion a year of any increase in the Canada Child
It should be noted that the Child Benefit is a
building a national public childcare system, which the Liberals
have promised for years. The Trudeau government hopes the Child
Benefit will blunt any popular momentum towards guaranteeing the
right to free public education for all with the extension of
public education from birth through university. This Liberal
diversion, coupled with other measures is meant to discourage
Canadians from taking up the battle to make education a universal
right in practice, with state guarantees and public
infrastructure to make it happen.
The Child Benefit is a signal that the Trudeau
opposed to nation-building. Any transfer of public money to
persons is destined to become immediately available to private
business, mostly the monopolies. A transfer to persons even on
this scale does not build anything stable and secure regardless
how much young families need the money assistance. It certainly
does not solve their daycare problems. How the money is spent is
not guaranteed and builds nothing in particular, especially
secure, universal and free public institutions such as daycare
centres and other educational and recreational facilities
necessary in a modern society.
The regression away from nation-building is reflected
of the most backward measures. The budget states, "In recognition
of the costs educators often incur at their own expense for
supplies that enrich our children's learning environment, Budget
2016 proposes a new Teacher and Early Childhood Educator School
Supply Tax Credit. The proposed 15-per-cent refundable income tax
credit will apply on up to $1,000 of eligible supplies (such as
paper, glue and paint for art projects, games and puzzles, and
The government admits that many students do not have
necessary supplies to meet their needs in school. Instead of
correcting the situation through increased investments in public
education, the government puts the burden on teachers with the
arrogant demand that they should use their own money to improve
the learning conditions of their students, as if they are
overpaid. The budget also eliminates the education tax credit,
the textbook tax credit, and reduces benefits by "not proceeding
with budget 2015 measures related to Canada student loans and
The budget is overladen with hype to cloud the reality
it consolidates class privilege and serves monopoly right. It
attempts to block any movement towards a new pro-social direction
for the economy, nation-building and the affirmation of public
The working class is a thinking class that can expose
liberal demagogy and defend itself from the rampant propaganda
and pressure to betray the broad public interest. The working
class can find its own independent way forward. It can be
(Next -- Part Two of Looking at the Budget:
Infrastructure Spending to Pay the Rich)
2. "Government Debt and the
Need for a New Direction for the Economy -- Destructive Practice of
Government Debt to Private Lenders, K.C. Adams, TML Weekly, May 30, 2015 - No. 22.
4. For further discussion see: "The Necessity for
Renewal in the Financial Sector," K.C. Adams, TML Weekly, December 19, 2015 - No.
5. Government estimates of how
much they will reimburse
teachers and early childhood educators indicate that they expect these
workers to spend approximately
$367 million of their own money by 2017-2018 to help make up for
underfunding of public education. The budget gives the following
estimates in successive tax years: 2015-2016: $5 million; 2016-2017:
million; and 2017-2018: $25 million, for a total of $55 million,
which is equivalent to 15 per cent of $366.66 million in estimated
teachers and education workers.
Discussion on Taxation
The 2016 federal budget tabled on March 22 is an
to broaden the discussion on taxation. The present taxation
system is highly prejudicial against the working class. Not only
does it put the burden of taxation on individuals but distorts
the essence of the economy and how value is created, realized and
How governments raise
public funds is connected with
spend the money because both revenue and expenditures are
governed by the same capital-centred outlook. The methods of
taxation targeting the working class with income tax, payroll
taxes, sales taxes and user fees are part of the same system of
pay-the-rich schemes and lack of investments in social programs
and public services regarding government expenditures.
Taxation policy is closely connected with the lack of
conscious control of prices. The determination of prices through
a modern formula would include a conscious determination of all
the inputs in production of goods and services, and all the
claims on the value workers produce. A human-centred outlook in
examining the economy would sweep away the confusion, distortion
and nonsense of the present system of taxation. To assist the
discussion TML Weekly publishes the following extracts from
the work, The Production, Reproduction and Transfer of Value
and Its Realization by K.C. Adams.
Renewal of the Tax System
Income taxes on both individuals and corporations are
outmoded form of raising public revenue. Income taxes represent a
refusal to recognize the socialized economy as it presents
itself. Instead of claiming public revenue directly from the
socialized economy, from the value workers produce, the ruling
imperialist elite have concocted an elaborate system of income
taxes, sales taxes, payroll taxes and user fees.
The global monopolies and their privately-owned social
wealth use the existing tax system to shield themselves from most
government claims and to evade their social responsibilities as
those who own and control the main means of production. They use
the tax system to reduce the claim of the working class on the
value it produces and the net income of small and medium-sized
businesses. The current system is also ideological in the sense
it causes maximum confusion as to the source of value the working
class produces and the three main claimants on that value: the
working class that produces the value through its work; the
owners of social wealth who own and control the main forces of
production; and, the state authorities.
An alternative tax system does exist but the
state refuses to raise revenue directly from the economy through
an expansion of public enterprise, a claim on added-value where
workers produce it, a proper exchange of publicly-produced social
and material infrastructure value with those economic units that
consume it, and a public authority to oversee the wholesale
sector to curtail monopoly manipulation of prices.
Regressive taxes are ubiquitous in the form of user
levied for many public services and social programs such as
post-secondary tuition. User fees for public services and most
infrastructure are given a variety of names to suggest they are
not a discriminatory form of taxation directly reducing the claim
of the working class on the value it produces.
User fees contradict the principle that public services
social programs are a public good to strengthen and develop the
collective interrelated socialized economy and the social fabric,
cohesion, equilibrium and harmony of society. To guarantee the
rights of people and serve the general interests of society, the
social and material infrastructure of the country should be
available to all individuals equally regardless of the accident
of birth and social status. Collapse of society into
disequilibrium and constant bitterness and fighting amongst
social groups and classes can in part be attributed to
discrimination in the distribution of the fruits of the material
and social infrastructure.
The use of the social and material infrastructure by
individuals without user fees forms a necessary part of modern
society where people have rights by virtue of being human and are
determined to live without discrimination and any infringement on
their individual rights. Those rights include the right to live
free of tolls on their person levied by the state or others in
positions of political, economic, social or religious authority.
Tolls on individuals, which include any form of individual tax or
user fee for a public good or service, are discriminatory and a
hangover from rule by class privilege and autocratic decree, and
have no place in a modern society based on rights. [...]
In the exchange of the capacity to work within the
relation capital, both individual reproduced-value and social
reproduced-value are the exchange-value equivalent of the
consumed value of the capacity to work. The value of the capacity
to work is less than the value its use-value produces in action
during work-time. In exchange for the consumed amount of
individual reproduced-value, a wage and benefits are received.
This is the realization of the amount of consumed individual
reproduced-value during work-time, which the worker reproduces so
that it can be consumed again and again during the entire working
In exchange for the consumed and reproduced amount of
reproduced-value, an equivalent amount of money should be paid to
the social institution that produced the value of the capacity to
work consumed during that specific period of work. This exchange
would not only compensate the institution for the value it
produced within the worker but also allow the institution to
continue producing value in other workers and expand its
operations through increased investments, as the value contains
added-value not just the reproduced-value and transferred-value,
which the institution paid as part of the price of
As a general rule, the
state should claim through its
institutions, as social reproduced-value, an average equivalent
to cover those periods that the particular capacity to work is
not capable of working or allowed to work for whatever reason
such as retirement, injury, illness, unemployment, childhood,
In summary, the taxation system obscures the portions
state claim needed to realize in exchange the value of the
capacity to work produced in the public education and health care
systems and the general social infrastructure. The taxation
system also similarly obscures the state claim needed to realize
the value of the many public means of production provided through
the material infrastructure such as roads, bridges and mass
Within the present taxation system of the imperialist
the social reproduced-value and social transferred-value are not
identified and itemized. When this value is consumed in the
economy, it is not clearly identified and exchanged for value
workers produce in other economic sectors and units of the
The taxation system obscures the reality of an
socialized economy that requires a vast array of sectors and
units each exchanging and realizing the production of their own
unit and sector with the value from other units and sectors.
Manufacturing, raw material production, all manner of services,
and social and material infrastructure constantly exchange value
with each other.
For example, an iron mine or clothing manufacturer
realize and exchange its production with other units and sectors
of the economy similar to an educational institution or general
hospital that needs to realize and exchange its production with
other units and sectors of the economy.
The state refuses to enforce a modern accounting method
its claims, which recognizes that the imperialist economy is
based on production for exchange and not for use. Society through
social programs and many public services and material
infrastructure provides necessary social reproduced-value and
social transferred-value through the social and material
infrastructure. This value should be exchanged and realized in a
transparent and scientific manner with other economic units in
State claims to realize social reproduced-value and
transferred-value should take place directly and transparently
using a modern accounting system where socially produced value is
exchanged with those economic units of the economy that consume
The state should include claims on added-value to
investments in social programs, public services and
infrastructure and to finance unproductive institutions and
units. The portion of the state claim for non-producing units of
the state is on added-value as those units do not produce value
that can be exchanged. These units include the judiciary,
prisons, police, military, government and much of the state
claims on added-value are also
source of funding for greater investments in social programs and
public services and throughout the public social and material
infrastructure. When those public investments come to fruition,
without the interference of owners of social wealth and their
seizure of added-value, the public investments begin producing
added-value, reproducing reproduced-value and transferring
transferred-value thus becoming another source of public
The social reproduced-value and social
benefit the entire socialized economy and society and should be
directly realized in exchange with the economic units and sectors
that consume it. How to do this requires a public authority
within the wholesale sector and a modern formula to determine
prices of production.
It should be mentioned that state grants to monopolies
whatever form and using whatever excuse are blatant examples of
state-organized corruption to pay the rich and entrench class
privilege. This complaint could be extended to almost the entire
private financial sector, which plays no positive role in the
modern economy. On the contrary, banks and other monopoly
financial institutions are yet another source of corruption and
drain on social wealth.
The corruption of pay-the-rich schemes and private
of public projects together with the refusal to claim
publicly-produced value consumed by the monopolies are proof that
control of governments has fallen into the hands of private
interests. The people need to take organized actions with
analysis to strike out in a new direction of democratic renewal
to curtail monopoly right, uphold public right and to defend the
rights of all and the general interests of society. [...]
The value of the capacity to work put within workers
collectively by society, mostly through social programs such as
public education, public health care and pensions is currently
realized mostly through individual taxation and user fees. Using
individual taxation to realize social reproduced-value is crude,
outmoded, and not in conformity with its character as a social
commodity. Such practices serve to strengthen the class rule,
control and privilege of owners of social wealth and block social
consciousness and understanding of the production, reproduction
and transfer of value and its realization.
The method of realization of social reproduced-value
and can be renewed within the system of capitalism and commodity
production through the organized class struggle of the working
class to curtail monopoly right and fight for a new direction for
the economy. Pro-social renewal of the method of realization
begins with rejection of the current method of taxation,
especially individual taxation and user fees, and with calls for
realization of social reproduced-value in direct exchange between
those institutions responsible for putting social value within
workers' capacity to work and those economic forces employing
that capacity, mainly the global monopolies.
Pro-social renewal also
demands increased investments
social programs and public services and an end to privatizations
and public-private partnerships, which are a source of official
corruption and means to channel public collective wealth to
owners of social wealth and the monopolies, and to depress the
individual and social reproduced-value of the working class.
Under the current outmoded system, taxes are taken by the ruling
imperialist elite in control of the state and used for whatever
purposes they want such as pay-the-rich schemes, repression of
the working class, war preparations and predatory wars.
Taxation does not guarantee that the social
within workers is realized. The current situation leaves
uncertain the realization of the social aspect of
reproduced-value within the working class, putting in peril the
social programs on which workers depend such as pensions,
seniors' care, employment insurance, injured workers'
compensation, public education and health care. This intensifies
downward pressure on the actual and potential value of the
working class reducing their social reproduced-value in relation
to the added-value they produce, which lowers their standard of
living, attacks their rights and increases the rate of
Also of importance is the fact that taxation to realize
social programs plays into the neo-liberal illusion that social
programs are a cost to the economy, companies and the taxpayer,
and do not contribute to the overall wealth of the economy and
society. This allows reactionary politicians of the cartel
political parties and others to play the fraudulent card of
protecting the interests of the taxpayer to force a reduction in
the production and realization of social reproduced-value.
Taxation should have nothing to do with most social
and the realization of their value. Realization of most social
programs, especially education and health care, should be a
direct transaction similar to any buying and selling of goods and
services. How to realize social value from the economy, such as
the value workers produce in education, health care, municipal
and other public services etc. should be a responsibility of a
public authority and the workers involved within the social
program and public service.
The current disharmony between the socialized forces of
production and the privatized relations of production is the root
problem plaguing both the economy and society. The privatized
relations of production are holding the people back from solving
the country's fundamental economic, political and social problems
and moving the economy and society forward in a new direction.
Harmonizing the socialized forces of production with socialized
relations of production will unleash the full power of the
socialized economy and working class, the human factor/social
consciousness, and open the door to the development of a
non-commodity economic form, where goods and services are
produced not for exchange but for their use-value, and the
contradiction between reproduced-value and added-value is
Corporate Taxation Is a Fraud
Twenty-seven of the most
profitable U.S. monopolies
corporate taxes in 2015. They
include General Motors, American Airlines, United Continental,
Hewlett-Packard, Loews, Xerox, News Corp, Weyerhaeuser and other
well-known companies that reported substantial pre-tax profits
but paid no taxes.
Many other monopolies do
not even file income taxes in
U.S. or Canada. They move their headquarters abroad into tax
havens where rates are so low as to be meaningless. The
pharmaceutical monopoly Pfizer has drawn up plans to merge with
erstwhile rival Allergan and move their joint headquarters to
Ireland, which has low corporate rates and rules that allow
declared profits to disappear for tax purposes. Other monopolies
following in their footsteps to Ireland are Johnson Controls and
its planned merger with Tyco.
Not only do they pay no taxes, the monopolies regularly
receive public funds in bailouts, loans, tax credits, free
infrastructure and other inducements from the public treasuries
wherever they operate. GM and Johnson Controls were two of the
large group of vehicle and financial monopolies that received
billions in pay-the-rich schemes following the economic collapse
The companies in the no-tax list include Mallinckrodt,
a health care monopoly that profits from the lack of a public health
care system in the U.S. Several are real-estate investment trusts
(REITs) that practice fraudulent "pass-through" accounting, which
declare no income at all by shifting money to owners of units who
disappear the income in other investments and schemes.
The reasons that companies can magically reduce profits
income tax purposes are many and imaginative. One of the
favourites is income tax credits. These tax credits can be booked
for future use even when a profit is declared. For example, Level
3 Communications booked a tax credit of $3.2 billion in 2015
despite recording a pre-tax profit of $283 million in the same
year. This creative accounting arises in some cases from the
large number of subsidiaries the main monopoly controls and the
ability it has to move money around electronically to this and
that subsidiary even from country to country.
In 2015, General Motors gained a tax credit of $1.9
even though its earnings in the U.S. before taxes hit $7.7
billion. GM was calculated to pay $1 billion in taxes but this
was not only reduced to $0 but converted to a $1.9 billion tax
credit because the company moved a tax break from its subsidiary,
General Motors Europe, to the U.S. for accounting purposes.
Canada Plans Takeover of UN Occupying
Oppose Canada's Decision to Send Troops to Haiti!
Ottawa demonstration against foreign interference in Haiti, February 5,
The Liberal government is planning to take over command
the armed forces occupying Haiti under the auspices of the United
Nations "stabilization mission" (MINUSTAH), Le Devoir reported
March 9. The report cites "diplomatic and government sources in
Port-au-Prince and Ottawa" and says that Canada is looking to
send 1,000 to 2,000 additional soldiers and police officers to
replace outgoing Brazilian troops and take over Brazilian command
of the mission when its mandate expires in October.
The report comes at a time
when Haitians have succeeded in blocking a corrupt electoral process
funded and overseen by the U.S., Canada and other powers that make up
the "Core Group" that sought to prevent them from exercising their
right to determine their own affairs. Now they are demanding an
accounting of the electoral fraud that took place and an end to foreign
interference while the U.S. and its allies want to simply hold another
Presidential vote and prevent the people from consolidating their
victory. Through their actions Haitians are demanding an end to the
occupation of their country and all foreign interference. Together with
Grenada and Honduras which were also subjected to U.S. coups d'etat, Haiti occupies the
most strategic position in the Caribbean and is also used as a source
of cheap labour and resources.
At this time there are said to be five Canadian
90 RCMP officers in Haiti as part of an occupying force of 2,370
soldiers, 2,600 police and 1,500 civilian officials. News reports
say that the country with the largest contingent of forces will
"generally" receive command of the UN mission. Brazil currently
has 979 soldiers stationed there, representing 40 per cent of the total
force. Nineteen countries have troops in Haiti.
A January 29 meeting in Ottawa of officials from
Affairs Canada (formerly the Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade
and Development), the Department of National Defence and the RCMP
discussed Haiti, among other countries, as a target of the
government's increased emphasis on "peace operations." A source
told Le Devoir that the government is planning its return to
the fold of UN peacekeeping and that Haiti and African countries
were both raised as destinations for Canadian troops.
Among the government's pretexts for
presence in Haiti and other countries is a cynical reference to the
number of French speakers within Canada, particularly Quebeckers.
Everyone from spokespersons for the UN mission in Haiti to
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to Prime Minister Trudeau himself
have noted that French speakers make Canada "well placed" for
such military interventions. Le Devoir characterized Haiti
as an "ideal landing place for Canada."
UN Mission spokesperson Sophie
Boutaud de la Combe, a
military officer, stated that she recognizes "the value of having
Francophone or bilingual forces as pointed out by Justin Trudeau
in February during the visit to Ottawa of UN Secretary-General
Ban Ki-moon. There is a lot of interest in the quality of
Canadian commanders that can help in these situations."
Canada's Minister of International Development and La
Francophonie Marie-Claude Bibeau also stated at a March 9 conference on
the strategy for the future of La Francophonie that the government has
forces with [the École Nationale d'Administration Publique in
Montreal] and the Government of Quebec to offer training to civil
servants in Haiti to support the opening of a national school of
public and political administration in Haiti..."
The MINUSTAH force was
installed in Haiti in support
U.S., French and Canadian-backed coup in 2004. It was established
by the UN Security Council against the will of the Haitian people
and has been accused of atrocities against civilians alongside
the Haitian National Police and paramilitary forces. In early
2005, the top Brazilian commander of the UN force, General
Augusto Heleno Ribeiro, testified before a congressional
commission in Brazil that MINUSTAH is "under extreme pressure
from the international community to use violence," and cited the
U.S., France and Canada.
MINUSTAH has also been found responsible for a
cholera outbreak which killed more than 10,000 Haitians. The
outbreak was attributed to the sanitation system at a UN base in
the town of Méyè, which spilled sewage into the
Haiti's largest river which is also used for drinking, cooking
Canada Out of Haiti!
Long Live the Struggle of
the Haitian People!
No to Canadian Government's Decision to
Take Command of
The Coalition of Haitians
Against the Occupation
of Haiti (REHMONCO) vigorously denounces and condemns the Liberal
government's decision, under the direction of Prime Minister
Justin Trudeau, to reinforce the military occupation of Haiti.
According to Le Devoir (March
9, 2016), Canada intends to
send 2,000 soldiers to Haiti, the objective being to take command
of the occupation forces of the United Nations Stabilization
Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) in the country. This strategy, which
was discussed in Ottawa during the visit of UN Secretary-General
Ban Ki-moon, is an intrigue aimed at getting Canada a seat on the
United Nations Security Council.
There is no doubt that this project of the Liberal
fits in the framework of prolonging the imperialist powers'
policy of dominating Haiti. Recall that Canada, along with the
U.S. and France, has taken part in the domination and
exploitation of Haiti. To give just one example, from 1960 to
1972, SEDREN (Société d'exploitation et de
économique et naturel), a subsidiary of Consolidated Halliwell,
systematically exploited the copper mines in the north of Haiti.
This was without any gain for the national economy since this
exploitation took place under the bloodthirsty Duvalier
government that Canada supported to the tune of millions of
dollars during the 1970s.
It should also be underscored that Canada was in the
forefront of the 2004 events [the coup against President
Jean-Betrand Aristide] that provided the pretext to introduce,
under the cover of the United Nations, imperialist military
forces on Haitian soil. Since that time, the "exploits" of
MINUSTAH have been stained by blood and marked with horror. It is
these troops that massacred dozens of Haitians in the
neighbourhoods of Port-au-Prince such as Cité Soleil, Bel Air
Fort National. They subjected innumerable youth to rape
essentially everywhere across the country. They introduced a
cholera epidemic to the country that has already killed 10,000
All of this criminal
extortion has been committed with
impunity, without even a formal condemnation from the United
Nations. The systematic refusal of the UN to compensate the
cholera victims clearly demonstrates the flagrant contempt for
the Haitian people by the so-called international community. A
more profound act of contempt, stated unequivocally by many
institutions (including Harvard University) is the responsibility
of MINUSTAH troops for introducing the epidemic.
After 12 years of humiliation and repression of the
people, the Liberal government now wants to take command of the
occupation forces. The Trudeau government's humanitarian rhetoric
cannot hide the basis for this decision: the continued
expropriation of the country's natural resources and the savage
exploitation of its workers' labour.
Confronted with the Liberal government's macabre
REHMONCO calls on progressive organizations in Canada to support
progressive and popular Haitian organizations in the struggle
against the occupation of Haiti. This imperialist policy has
already wreaked great havoc on the country. These are gaping and
bleeding wounds. As always, it is the Haitian people who must pay
the price in terms of deaths, infections and expropriation.
REHMONCO demands the departure of MINUSTAH from Haiti
compensation for the cholera victims without delay.
Renel Exentus and
Ricardo Gustave for REHMONCO
Visit of U.S. President to
An Historic Visit
President of Cuba Raúl Castro saw his U.S.
counterpart Barack Obama off at José Martí
International Airport in Havana on March 22 at the end of his three-day
visit. Prensa Latina reports that both Presidents shook hands,
reaffirming their willingness to continue the process towards
normalization of relations which began on December 17, 2014. From
Havana Obama flew to Argentina.
The visit is historic because it is the first time a
U.S. president has visited Cuba since 1928 when Calvin Coolidge
arrived aboard a U.S. warship to attend the 6th Pan American
Conference, held under the sponsorship of an infamous local
figure, Gerardo Machado. In fact, Obama is only the second U.S.
president ever to visit Cuba, despite the island's proximity to
the U.S. mainland.
The visit is also historic because on the soil of
revolutionary Cuba Obama recognized the failure of the U.S. policy to
overthrow the Cuban revolution. It is a recognition of the victory
achieved by the Cuban people and the Cuban revolution whose principled
defence of their sovereignty prevailed despite the murderous actions of
successive U.S. administrations and the damage caused by the all-sided
blockade. Not only did Obama repeatedly admit that the U.S. policy
failed to achieve its aim of overthrowing the Cuban Revolution, but he
admitted that the U.S. policy has caused damage to the Cuban people,
for which he offered no apology. He remained silent about the terrorist
attacks on the island, Cuban airlines and its leadership and suggested
it is all before his time and in the past. He also in words recognized
Cuba's sovereign right to determine its own affairs. Lest he forget, it
is a right Cuba will never forsake.
Reports on the Visit
Barack Obama arrived on Sunday,
March 20 with his family and
an entourage including 40 members of Congress. On Monday, March
21 Obama paid tribute to Cuba's National Hero, José Martí
memorial dedicated to him at the Plaza of the Revolution, and
held official talks with President Castro.
President Obama and his family are received at José Martí
Havana by Foreign Minister Bruno Rodriguez Parilla (left).
At the meeting both Presidents talked about areas of
interest in which both nations, despite their differences, can
At the end of the meeting, both presidents made
the national and foreign press. Castro praised the progress
made in the re-establishment of diplomatic relations between Cuba
and the United States but added that much more could be realized
in Cuba-U.S. relations without the economic blockade.
"The blockade is the most significant impediment for
development of the Cuban people. That is why its elimination is
essential for the normalization of relations," said President
President Castro said that he expects that the
shift in the relationship between the two countries will be
"We agree that we have a long and complex path ahead of
but what is important is that we have started to take steps to
build a relationship of a new kind, one that has never existed
before between Cuba and the United States," Castro said.
"Today I affirm that we must practice the art of
coexistence, which means accepting and respecting differences and
not make them the centre of our relations, but instead promote
links that benefit both peoples and focus on what brings us
closer and not on what separates us," he added.
The Cuban leader thanked the Obama administration for
reiterating its position that the blockade be lifted, but said it
has not been enough. "We oppose the double standard on human
rights as well," the Cuban President added.
Meanwhile, Obama thanked Castro for his
said that it would have been "unimaginable" for more than 50
years to hear a U.S. president speak from Cuba.
Obama recognized the "extraordinary" achievements of
sectors such as health and education, while he reaffirmed steps
taken by his administration to strengthen the countries' ties
despite the ongoing economic, commercial and financial blockade,
imposed on Cuba for over half a century. In this context, he
expressed that the future of Cubans will be decided by Cubans
themselves and no one else. "Cuba has the right to be sovereign,"
he pointed out.
After his meeting with Raúl Castro, Barack Obama
Cuban and U.S. entrepreneurs, including representatives of the
state and cooperative sectors, at a business forum organized by
the Chamber of Commerce of the Republic of Cuba. As the two
parties explored opportunities for commercial exchanges, Obama
acknowledged the changes in Cuba as part of updating its economic
and social model, which includes "a branch generating
employment," i.e. the opening of self-employment. Expressing his
confidence in the potential of Cubans, Obama acknowledged the
high level of education, the capacity to create and the wit of
Cubans. He called these attractions which would draw investment
from U.S. sectors, among them the Cuban-American community.
Obama said that his country wants to become a trading
of Cuba, and pointed to the authorization of his government for
the companies Cleber LLC, Starwood Hotels and Airbnb, which
facilitates home rentals, to establish a presence in Cuba.
Cuba has first class physicians and nurses, the
said while referring to the remarks of a forum participant in the
field of health care. Alluding to Cuba's medical potential, he
stated that "...we agreed with the Cuban government to establish
and develop joint scientific cooperation in the medical
"I have always believed that knowledge is something
to be shared, no matter the political system we may have.
Diseases are the same. Therefore, working together to find
solutions is something very important," he said.
The last day of Obama's
visit in Cuba was marked by
speech to representatives of Cuban civil society in the Gran
Teatro de La Habana Alicia Alonso. Minutes before giving his
speech Obama greeted the prima
ballerina assoluta Alicia
In their brief encounter, Obama expressed his
Alonso's work and his satisfaction to finally meet her in person,
noted Pedro Simón Martínez, director of the National
Dance, speaking to Granma.
For her part, Alonso, also Director of the National
noted that the meeting "was marvelous, above all because he
is the first figure I have received at the Gran Teatro since it
was renamed in my honour," for which she felt "very
At a speech delivered at the Gran Teatro the U.S.
shared his vision of the new possibilities opening in the
relations between both countries, and said that the American and
Cuban people have shared values, besides being united by
historical and cultural ties. Besides other things, he praised
the Cuban internationalist doctors, whose solidarity assists
disadvantaged populations in dozens of countries around the
world. In addition to the recognition of the doctors, the result
of a system of universal free public health, the U.S. President
celebrated the Cuban talent, which in his words is derived from
an educational system, similar to the health sector, "that values
all boys and girls."
Previously, the U.S. President welcomed the innovative
creative capacity of the Cuban people which, he said, is
recognized and admired in the United States. Obama said that this
prompted the decision of his administration to change the policy
of isolation which the U.S. imposed on Cuba for more than half
Another factor was the recognition that such a policy,
important part of which is the economic, commercial and financial
blockade, is not conducive to U.S. interests and does not reflect
the historical and cultural ties that unite both countries.
Cold War policies make no sense in the twenty-first
Obama stressed, while urging Cuban and U.S. citizens not to fear
changes, but welcome them and help promote a civilized
Following the meeting in the Gran Teatro, Obama and
Castro attended a friendly match between Cuba's national
baseball team and the Tampa Bay Rays (representing U.S. Major League
Baseball) the last event of the U.S. President's visit. The Rays
defeated the Cuban national team 4-1.
Before leaving Havana's Latinoamericano stadium, Obama
last brief interview with ESPN where he again admitted that the
old U.S. policy to try to isolate Cuba was useless.
"In my opinion, if you spend half a century doing
and it does not work, you have to change something," he said. He
mentioned that he favoured increasing the possibilities for U.S.
citizens to freely visit Cuba, something currently impossible due
to the U.S. blockade. He also recognized that the isolation has
only strengthened Cubans, whose talent, skills and potential he
emphasized, as he had in the morning during his speech to the
civil society organizations at the Gran Teatro.
This visit, the first by a U.S. President in 88 years,
considered an important step on the road towards the
normalization of bilateral ties, for which the lifting of the
blockade on the island and the return of the territory occupied
by the Guantánamo Naval Base will be determining factors.
1. Extract from
Remarks by Barack Obama upon arriving in
Cuba, March 22
"¡Hola desde Cuba!
"I've come to Havana to extend the hand of friendship
Cuban people. I'm here to bury the last vestige of the Cold War
in the Americas and to forge a new era of understanding to help
improve the daily lives of the Cuban people.
"There continue to be real and important differences
our governments, including profound differences on the way to
promote safety, security, opportunity, and human rights. But
there's so much Americans and Cubans share -- our cultures and
passions, our hopes for the future, not to mention a love of
"I know one visit, and one president, cannot erase the
decades of history that have left so many Cubans in poverty or
exile. But sometimes the most important changes begin with the
smallest step. I believe in the Cuban people and their desire to
build a future of their own choosing. And I believe that changing
the way we do things between our countries will, over time, help
make that possible.
"So I'm looking forward to meeting and hearing directly
Cubans from all walks of life. And I'm confident that, working
together with the Cuban people, our two countries can begin a new
journey together that delivers progress for both our peoples."
("We've Reached Havana," Barack Obama, whitehouse.gov, March 21,
2. In September
2015, the Council of State made the
extraordinary decision, in recognition of Alonso's contribution
to Cuban and global culture, to rename the establishment the
Gran Teatro de la Habana Alicia Alonso.
The playhouse located on Prado and San Rafael Streets,
reopened its doors -- after undergoing a three-year restoration
-- on January 1, 2016, with a gala by the National Ballet, in
commemoration of the 57th anniversary of the triumph of the
Cuba and the U.S. share a long history of ballet.
Fernando Alonso traveled to the United States in 1937 to continue
their education and begin their careers as professional ballet
Years later, on October 28, 1948, Alicia fulfilled her
of creating a professional ballet company in Cuba with the
support of important figures from U.S. ballet.
In recent years the National Ballet has toured 38 U.S.
cities, while numerous choreographers from that country have
created works for the company's repertory.
of Obama's remarks to ESPN prior to attending
the baseball game:
"Today I'm taking Michelle and our girls out to a
That's something Americans do all the time, but this game is
"It's the first exhibition game between a major league
-- the Tampa Bay Rays -- and the Cuban national team in 17 years.
It's only the second time an MLB team has visited Cuba since
1959. And most importantly, it's a symbol of the bonds between
Americans and Cubans despite decades of isolation -- a small step
that shows that our nations can begin to move beyond the
divisions of the past and look toward a future of greater
connections and cooperation between our countries.
"One of the things we share is our national pastimes --
pelota. As the quote from 'Field of Dreams' goes, 'the one
constant through all the years ... has been baseball.' That's as
true in America as it is in Cuba. Whether it's the middle of an
Iowa cornfield or the neighborhoods of Havana, our landscapes are
dotted with baseball diamonds. Our kids grow up learning to run
the bases and count balls and strikes. And many of our greatest
ballplayers have taken the field together.
"Since 1959, about 100 players from Cuba have played
clubs. Four Cuban-born players are enshrined in Cooperstown,
including Cincinnati Reds great Tony Pérez. And just looking at
one team -- say, my Chicago White Sox -- you can see Cuba's
imprint through the generations. One of the White Sox's all-time
greats, the late Minnie Miñoso, was born near Havana.
Contreras and Orlando 'Duque' Hernández helped bring a World
Series trophy to the South Side back in 2005. And one of our best
players today -- and one of the game's best sluggers -- also
comes from Cuba: first baseman José Abreu.
"Baseball in Cuba has played a part in America's
history as well. In 1947, the Brooklyn Dodgers and their farm
club, including Jackie Robinson, spent spring training in Havana.
Before he broke Major League Baseball's color barrier, Jackie
took the field at the famed Estadio Latinoamericano for
exhibitions against both American and Cuban teams. It's the same
stadium where we'll watch today's game. And it will be an honor
to watch with Jackie's wife, Rachel, and their daughter, Sharon,
who are here as part of our delegation.
"That's what this visit is about: remembering what we
reflecting upon the barriers we've broken -- as people and as
nations -- and looking toward a better future. Because while I
will not ignore the important differences between our
governments, I came to Cuba to extend the hand of friendship to
the Cuban people.
"They're the reason I cast off the failed, Cold War-era
policy that left so many Cubans in conflict, exile and poverty in
favor of a new course. They're why our governments are now
cooperating on health and education initiatives. They're why
we're helping families connect by restoring direct commercial
flights and mail service. And they're why we're expanding
commercial ties and increasing the capacity of Americans to
travel to do business in Cuba.
"These steps, and my visit here this week, are just
steps in a long road ahead. But I believe the American people and
the Cuban people can make this journey as friends, as family and,
yes, as baseball fans. ¡Pleibol!"
At Least Three Glaring Holes Left After
Obama's Visit to
Joint press conference by Presidents Obama and Castro, Havana, March
21, 2016. (MINREX)
Hailed by much of the media as a success, the visit of
U.S. president to Cuba left many questions unanswered.
Liberals around the world have hailed the historic
U.S. President Barack Obama as an out-and-out success for the
The New York Times
paints a picture of Obama as
magnanimous and progressive -- a symbol of democracy amidst a
struggling regime. The newspaper tried to suggest that Obama gave
his Cuban counterpart, Raúl Castro, friendly tips.
"Throughout Mr. Obama's visit, a dynamic of cautious
pervaded his interactions with Mr. Castro, including when the
younger American president appeared to coach the older Cuban
through his first genuine news conference on Monday."
In reality, Obama's trip was a victory for an
Cuba, whose people and leaders never surrendered in the face of a
decades-long U.S. onslaught. It marks the first time in 88 years
that a U.S. president has touched Cuban soil. It is an admission
by the Obama administration that U.S. policy toward Cuba has
failed. Yet in spite of all this, some raw wounds in diplomatic
relations remain undressed.
Cuba insists that before there is a normalization of
relations between the two countries, the U.S. must end its
55-year-old blockade; return the illegally-held Guantanamo Bay;
change its immigration policies toward Cuban migrants; stop
transmitting radio propaganda into the country and attempting to
build an opposition; and finally stop all attempts at regime
Despite Obama's good-sportsmanship while participating
comedy skit, none of these subjects were dealt with during the
Not to mention that Obama left Cuba en route to
during the 40th anniversary of the bloodsoaked U.S.-backed coup
there and that he recently renewed a decree declaring Cuba's
close ally Venezuela a "threat," and shows no signs of improving
relations with the South American oil-producing country.
Illegal Blockade Continues
The U.S. president failed to change policy over the
blockade, or apologize for the crippling financial damage it has
caused over more than half a century.
"It's time to lift the embargo, but even if we lifted
embargo tomorrow, Cubans would not realize their potential
without continued change here in Cuba," Obama said in a press
conference on March 22.
An admission that the blockade needs to be lifted is
thing -- enacting it is another.
Just last month, Obama renewed a 20-year-old state of
national emergency to continue to administer the blockade against
Cuba, prolonging the economic policy begun under President Bill
Clinton in 1996, using emergency powers sanctioned by
The decree bans ships and planes from the U.S. from
Cuban waters or airspace without government permission, and
requires the president to renew the emergency powers
According to the United Nations, the U.S. blockade has
Cuba more than U.S.$117 billion, deprived Cubans of life-saving
medicines, and caused additional hardships for millions of
Abuses at Guantanamo Bay
Obama did not acknowledge the horrifying human rights
committed by U.S. citizens at Guantanamo Bay detention
While Cuban President Raúl Castro was confronted
reporter Jim Acosta over Cuba's "political prisoners," Obama was
spared uncomfortable questions over violations of human rights
committed by the U.S. on Cuban soil.
Last month, Obama presented a long-awaited plan to
But Guantanamo entered its fifteenth year of operation
2016. According to activists, nine prisoners have died in the
facility since it opened on January 11, 2002.
Prisoners at the infamous U.S.-run prison have asked
authorities to halt the inhumane practice of force-feeding hunger
Former prisoners, many held for years without charge,
experiences of waterboarding, prolonged isolation, and other
physical and psychological torture.
"They did things to us that is against humanity,
human rights and against Islam. I cannot even talk about that and
I will not talk about it," elderly former inmate Haji Nasrat Khan
told the BBC in 2014.
U.S. Immigration Policy
Obama also declined to address his country's
policy towards Cubans, which encourages them to pack up and leave
their country for the U.S. with the promise of guaranteed legal
residency and eventually citizenship. Cubans are the only people
given such a privileged status by the U.S.
The practice is cruel: the U.S. itself, with its
and trade restrictions, created much of the poverty that Cubans
try to flee, while at the same time urging Cubans to leave their
Furthermore, it is extremely dangerous: scores of
been killed making the treacherous journey from Cuba to the U.S.,
sometimes drowning in the Gulf of Mexico, or subjected to the
whims of human traffickers if taking an indirect route through
other Latin American countries, like Mexico.
In the same vein, the U.S. president met with Cuban
dissidents on [March 22], themselves a product of interference by
Despite the thawing of diplomatic relations, the U.S.
government continues to provide financial "assistance" to
individuals and groups dedicated to "regime change" in Cuba.
Projects have included the launch of a social media
ZunZuneo, to fuel opposition to the government, and the
infiltration of hip-hop movements. USAID spent more than two
years trying to infiltrate Cuba's hip-hop movement, seeking to
exploit the country's thriving cultural scene.
Obama in the Grand Theatre or
Obama's Grand Theatre in
Cuba, Latin America and the world listened with great
expectations to Barack Obama's conciliatory, intelligent and
seductive speech at the Grand Theatre of Havana on March 22. It
was not the first time during his visit that he used a speech
to direct himself to Cubans via national television, but it was the
only occasion since arriving on the island two days earlier when
the President of the United States did not share the stage with
anyone and had the floor all to himself.
In keeping with the
political culture he represents, and the
way things have been taking place since he set foot in Havana,
once more nothing was left to chance, and more precisely, the
teleprompters brought from Washington -- the same ones used for
recording his dialogue with Cuba's most popular comic? -- kept him
on track from all sides of the stage with a carefully crafted
For an attentive member of the audience, a couple of
seated within the group of 40 Congress people who travelled from
the U.S. for the occasion could be clearly recognized every time the
speaker's words were to be applauded. This group of legislators,
and the U.S. delegation that accompanied the President during his
visit, were the only ones who applauded the many times his
intervention went in the direction of offering patronizing
advice, or worse, of more or less disguised interference.
A few seconds before starting, a stagehand hurriedly
the shield with the bald eagle in front of the podium, as if it
was necessary to have a predominant symbol between the Cuban and
U.S. flags located upstage and in front of the audience.
As could be expected, the beginning was dedicated to a
condemnation of the terrorist attacks that had just been
committed by the Islamic State in Belgium and the commitment to
"do everything necessary" to "bring those responsible to
justice." But, as expected, not even that terrible act moved the
speaker to mention the 3,478 Cubans who have died as victims of
the terrorism waged, financed and encouraged from the United
States against the country that, in his own words, gave him along
with his family and his delegation a "warm welcome," much less,
talk about the total inaction of the government he heads "to
bring to justice those responsible" for such crimes.
Several times, however he resorted to storytelling,
writer Christian Salmon defines as the "machine for fabricating
stories and formatting minds," using personal stories with a
political intent to present the Cuban Revolution as a thing of
the past. And so he presented us with incontestable truths: that
his father arrived in the U.S. in 1959 and that he was born the
same year as the CIA invasion that was defeated at the Bay of
Pigs, to cover up that events such as the kidnapping of Elián
González and the unjust imprisonment of the Cuban Five took
in the 21st century and were experienced by the youngest
generations of this island.
But we must acknowledge that there also was praise: Any
intelligent person -- which Obama is -- knows that criticism is
easier to accept if it is preceded by praise. Our doctors and
athletes were applauded, always as individuals, without
recognizing, much less questioning, the fully operational
programs and regulations the U.S. government has put in place to
deprive us of them.
Some opposing word pairs were emphasized during the
(youth-history, state-individual, government-people, past-future)
in a divisive strategy directed towards Cuban society, in which
storytelling returned. He referred to successful immigrant
"entrepreneurs," whose example our guest thinks we should and can
follow, beginning with the "change" that he no longer is imposing
on us, but suggesting to us, based on our own compatriots who
have taken advantage of the "opportunities" that U.S. capitalism
offers and what some of those who spoke to him the day before
told him when he assumed the role of Santa Claus in a brewery in
Havana. By the way, the word "change" was used 14 times in the
What reality teaches us is that for every success there
still thousands on the way, and that every economic triumph in
today's world most of the time means the hopes of many being
dashed. To encourage private enterprise in Cuba, when as a
Harvard professor he knows that the biggest truth contained in
the Communist Manifesto is
that in practice it has been abolished
for nine-tenths of humanity, is not exactly an act of
After going over some similarities between Cuba and the
he contrasted the two countries concerned using a key paragraph
in which democracy is presented as the monopoly of the U.S.
system, which it has tried to impose around the world; socialism is
synonymous with being closed and the Cuban state as one which has
hijacked all rights:
"Cuba has a one-party system, the United States a
democracy; Cuba has a socialist economic model, the United States
an open market; Cuba emphasizes the role and rights of the State,
the United States is founded on the rights of the
However, we should ask North Americans how many days
multiparty system would last if, like Cubans, they had the right
to nominate and select their representatives from among their
peers, without intermediaries of any party. Speaking in the same
vein about democratization, the very same President for whom one
day before there were only successful entrepreneurs and for whom
the workers seemed not to exist, told us on stage at the Grand
Theatre that in his country "the workers have a voice," omitting
to note that in his country only 11 percent of employees are
Looking around us, to where the "system," the
the "economic model" do not seem bad to the U.S. it turns out
that the actual exercise of "the rights of the individual,"
despite being mentioned much more than in Cuba, is an illusion.
As the historian Fernando Martinez Heredia says, though it
represents a tremendous confusion, there might be some people who
think that because Obama comes to Cuba, the material conditions
of a large part of Cubans will improve.
No country in the proximity of Cuba is better off
socially than this
island, despite not being subject to an economic blockade. Far
from it, they suffer from problems like structural violence,
child labour and drug trafficking that do not even exist here.
When the U.S. speaks of "empowering the Cuban people" what they
are really referring to is the construction of a minority that,
like in those other places, will administer the country for
them in keeping with their interests. They now say they will not
impose the discredited "regime change," although they have not
withdrawn a single penny from the multi-millions they have
dedicated to this. Now with their new policies they want to
create the conditions for us to do it ourselves.
On June 4, 2009 Obama spoke at the University of Cairo,
emblematic city for Islam and the Arab world, and the entire
Middle East. It was a grandiose speech for a president who had
not been in office five months. Fidel wrote at that time:
"Not even Pope Benedict XVI would have uttered
ecumenical phrases than Obama did. I imagined for a second the
pious Muslim, Catholic, Christian or Jew, or believer of any
other religion, listening to the President in the spacious hall
of Al-Azhar University. At any given moment they would not know
whether they were in a Catholic cathedral, a Christian church, a
mosque or a synagogue."
As a friend suggested to me, you can put the words Cuba
Cubans where he says Islam, Iran, Palestinians or Muslims;
instead of quotations from the Koran
(the word of Muhammad) you
can put those of Martí referred to by the U.S. President on
22 and compare quotes from that speech which Fidel prophetically
cited in his Reflections with what Obama just said at the
Grand Theatre. There are dozens that seem amazingly coincidental,
but which for reasons of space I will not relate.
Soon after came the "Arab Spring," the breakdown of
societies like Syria, the rise of religious fanaticism and U.S.
support for the Islamic State, and the laughter of his Secretary
of State Hillary Clinton when she learned of the dismemberment of
Ghadafi. Today the Palestinians are even worse off than in 2009,
if that is possible, and the Arab peoples are the big losers in
the "change" pushed by Washington.
Seven years later, the Middle East is a blazing hell
end in sight and Obama continues giving his ecumenical speeches.
Now he speaks to Latin America from Cuba, in the midst of
neo-liberal counter-reforms in the region, driven by his
government, quoting -- in a grand theatre -- José
last words conveyed his purpose to "in time, with Cuba's
independence, prevent the United States from expanding throughout
the Antilles and landing on our American lands with more
strength." Cuba has received and listened to him with respect
and is willing to advance toward the peace that it has struggled
so much for, for the sake of its people and those of the U.S.,
but courtesy should not be confused with naivete.
Canadians Plan Warm Welcome for Cuban Five Hero Gerardo
Hall, 25 Cecil
For poster, click here.
hero and member of
the Cuban Five who spent sixteen years in prison in the U.S.,
will make his first visit to Canada in April. Gerardo will visit
a number of cities, including Montreal, Ottawa, Toronto and
Vancouver, meeting with friends of Cuba and discussing his time
as a political prisoner and subsequent developments.
CPC(M-L) calls on Canadians to go all out to give
hero's welcome and demonstrate the profound solidarity of the
Canadian and Quebec people with revolutionary Cuba. The event in
Toronto will take place April 3, with other cities to be
announced shortly. Watch the Calendar of Events
at the CPC(M-L) website for tour details as they are announced.
Argentinians Protest Visit of U.S.
Social Movements Say "Obama, Macri Out!"
Mass protests took place throughout Argentina
visit of U.S. President Barack Obama March 22-24. The final day
of the visit fell on Argentina's Day of Remembrance for Truth and
Justice, marking the anniversary of the U.S.-backed military coup
which took place on March 24, 1976. Obama was originally
scheduled to be present in the capital, Buenos Aires through the
anniversary but changed his schedule after protests and instead
spent most of the day in the city of Bariloche. Locals in
Bariloche also came out to protest Obama's arrival.
March 24 saw hundreds of
thousands of Argentinians take to the streets to commemorate the 30,000
plus victims of the U.S.-backed dictatorship and dirty war and to
condemn the neo-liberal government of Argentina's President Mauricio
Macri and ongoing U.S. interference in Argentina and Latin America.
Before traveling to Bariloche, Obama issued a statement
alongside Argentinian President Mauricio Macri at an event at
Memorial Park in Buenos Aires. Obama paid tribute to those who
struggled against the military dictatorship in Argentina but did
not acknowledge the role that the U.S. government played in
supporting it, nor did he apologize on behalf of the government.
Organizations such as Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo, founded in
1977 to find the children stolen, kidnapped, or born to women in
detention during the dirty war, announced that they would not
attend the event.
Obama was dismissive in response to media questions
regarding the U.S. role in the region,
"I don't want to go through every action carried out by the U.S.
in Latin America over the last 100 years. I suspect everybody
here already knows." He referred to the U.S. policy of backing
regimes that tortured, murdered and disappeared tens of thousands
as "counterproductive." "There is no shortage of self-criticism
in the United States. Certainly no shortage of criticism of its
President or its government or its foreign policy," he told
Statement of Argentinian Social Movements:
movements issued a statement opposing the
U.S. President's visit and the actions of the neo-liberal Macri
"We condemn the presence of U.S. President Barack Obama
head of the most powerful imperialist state on earth in our
country, who together with other world powers and other
reactionary forces is responsible not only for the vast majority
of the sufferings of our people but of the peoples of the
"This is shown by the situation in Iraq, Afghanistan,
Libya and many more countries that endure the direct or indirect
military aggression of this power, which also has [other] secret
and torture centres such as the one it openly exhibits in
"The date of Obama's visit coincides with the 40th
anniversary of the coup of March 24, 1976, for which the U.S. was
responsible together with other imperialist powers and
reactionary forces in Argentina.
"This is therefore a provocation against the people
"Nor can we forget the role of [the U.S.] in support of
British imperialism during the Falklands War.
"President Macri has agreed to this visit under an
between his government and U.S. Federal Judge Griesa and vulture
funds, which represents a new twist to the mechanism of
indebtedness and fraudulent looting, which is exactly what began
under the dictatorship of Videla and Martinez Hoz, and then
[was] ultimately validated [under] successive constitutional
"Today we see that the national government as well as
provinces prepare to jump again into national debt and usury.
While secret agreements such as YPF-Chevron continue to be signed
and laws enacted such as the 'Terrorism Act,' new advances
are also made in the field of 'security' and the Trans-Pacific
Partnership treaty, which goes against the interests of the
people and of Argentina.
"It is for all these reasons that we repudiate the
U.S. President Barack Obama and call for a mass mobilization on
March 24, exactly 40 years after the genocidal coup, also in
opposition to his presence in our country.
"Forty years after the genocidal coup, we are still
against impunity for the past and the present. Currently there
are 30,000 disappeared detainees among our comrades.
"Obama out of Argentina! No to the agreement, No to
and no to repression from Macri and provincial governments!"
One of the main reasons
for Obama's visit was to promote U.S.
monopoly interests in Argentina with a new Argentinian government
which itself has close ties to the U.S. ruling elite. A number of
government officials are themselves former CEOs who are looking
to make deals for the benefit of private monopoly interests.
An agreement was signed between Obama and Macri before
a joint press conference on March 23.
Media reported that the agreement will, among other things, see
Argentina recognize "intellectual property rights" on seeds,
benefiting U.S. agro-industrial monopolies such as Monsanto.
Argentina's small farmers have been fighting for years against
demands of the monopolies that they pay "royalties" on seeds they
Another focus of the visit was to "jump-start
on defense and security issues." The new Argentinian government
has already signed agreements with U.S. federal security agencies
on information exchanges and training, as well as the "war on
Obama also indicated
satisfaction with the Macri
decision to pay nearly U.S.$5 billion in debts to four U.S. hedge
funds, plunging Argentina further into debt to international
"Sometimes, short-term pain and taking decisive action early is
the right thing to do, rather than putting it off to mañana, and
then you end up having a perpetual set of problems and you never
restore the kind of stability and trust that's necessary," Obama
Obama further praised the neo-liberal economic policies
implemented by the Macri government during its first 100 days in
office. Dr. Alan B. Cibils, an economist from Buenos Aires told
TeleSUR that such adulatory words were "unnecessary" and even
"highly problematic" with the devastating impact of Macri's
reforms on working people. Macri has brought about the "biggest
transfer of income towards the rich sectors in the country's
recent history," Cibils said.
Macri's policies, combined with the U.S. takeover of
markets, will have a devastating impact on the country's working
class, in addition to the effects of the global recession on the
whole continent, Cibils said. He pointed out that it is therefore
not surprising that the financial news outlet Bloomberg recently
carried the headline "Wall Street is in Charge in Argentina
1. Besides other
against Argentina, the U.S. government is responsible for
Operation Condor -- a campaign of political assassination and
repression officially created in 1975 in Santiago, Chile by the
ruling circles of Chile, Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil to
eradicate socialist and communist influence and ideas and to
eliminate opposition movements against the participating
governments. The U.S. first proposed the plan for Condor in 1968,
calling for "the coordinated employment of internal security
forces within and among Latin American countries." Condor was
responsible for a minimum of 60,000 deaths, 30,000
"disappearances," and 400,000 jailings.
2. The previous
government of Cristina Kirchner disputed the debts, which arose
from Argentina's 2001 default on roughly $100 billion in bonds.
Those bonds were part of the state debt stemming mostly from
years under the military dictatorship and subsequent neo-liberal
regimes, including the purchase of military equipment from the
U.S. and Europe. The 2001 default led to debt swaps in 2005 and
2010, where international financial institutions agreed to swap
the old bonds for new ones at a lower value. The hedge funds in
question, commonly referred to as "vulture funds" bought old
bonds at pennies on the dollar and refused the deal to swap them
for new bonds, and demanded full payment of the old bonds. The
Macri government has tabled proposals in the Argentinian
parliament to settle the outstanding debts complying with a 2013
U.S. Supreme Court ruling which ordered the Argentine government
to pay $1.5 billion in principal plus interest to two U.S.
financial companies, NML Capital and Aurelius.
17th Anniversary of
Bombing of Yugoslavia -- March 24, 1999
One of History's Great Infamies
Indiscriminate bombing of civilian targets by NATO included the Serbian
Ministry of the Interior (left) and Serbia Radio Television.
The U.S.-led NATO
air war against the Federal Republic of
Yugoslavia which began on March 24, 1999 will go down as one of
history's great infamies. The attacks were launched by the U.S.
to take over and control the Balkans and make sure it would not
be controlled by either the Germans or the French. All the NATO
powers participated in their collusion and contention with the
U.S. imperialist striving for world domination. NATO used a
well-prepared pretext based on lies that the Serbs were engaged
in "ethnic cleansing" -- i.e. genocide -- of the Albanian
To Canada's everlasting shame, it whole-heartedly
the bombing of Yugoslavia and the crimes committed against the
Serbian people and the peoples of the former Yugoslavia and the
Balkans. Canada not only helped incite the lie of Kosovar
genocide at the hands of bloodthirsty Serbs and to overthrow the
government of Slobodan Milošević and imprison him and try him
under false accusations, it provided refuge to many who were
forced to flee their country in the name of escaping the alleged
crimes against humanity which it was subsequently proven beyond
the shadow of any doubt never took place. This is the "Canada, A
Land of Refuge" which is so proudly proclaimed by successive
Canadian governments which have yet to take responsibility for
their part in the crimes committed to destroy the former
Yugoslavia. Canada also subsequently gave rise to the
"responsibility to protect" doctrine to commit more crimes of a
similar nature since then.
The order to bomb Yugoslavia was given to NATO's
the time, U.S. General Wesley Clark by then-NATO Secretary
General Javier Solana without the approval of the UN Security
Council. This represented a precedent at the time. Clark later
wrote in his book entitled Modern
Warfare that the planning of
the war was already underway mid-June 1998 and was
completed that August.
The pretext for the attack was that Serbia was
for a "humanitarian catastrophe in Kosovo" and that Milošević
refused to cooperate in the negotiations in Rambouillet, Paris on
the future status of Serbia. The Rambouillet "negotiations"
presented Serbia with the "choice" to voluntarily have foreign troops
deployed in its territory or be invaded. President
Milošević's decision not to accept foreign troops was confirmed
by the Serbian Assembly, following which, on March 24, 1999, NATO
launched its murderous attacks.
Nineteen countries including Canada took part in the
operation, using ships in the Adriatic Sea and four air bases in
Italy, supported by strategic operators who took off from bases
in western Europe.
According to estimates of the Serbian government, at
2,500 people were killed (according to some sources, the total
number of fatalities was almost 4,000), while more than 12,500
The recently published official data of the Ministry of
Defence of Serbia speaks about 1,008 soldiers and policemen
killed, while unofficial data shows that 6,000 civilians,
including 2,700 children, suffered various degrees of
Left: heating plant in Belgrade bombed by NATO; right: a bombed bridge
in Novi Sad.
- The total damage done to the country's economy and
infrastructure was estimated at the time at U.S.$100 billion.
- NATO military losses in manpower and technology have
- The Museum of Aviation in Belgrade displays parts of
destroyed F-117 and F-16 aircraft, UAVs, and cruise missiles.
- Almost all cities in Serbia came under attack several
during the war that lasted 11 weeks.
- The bombing destroyed and damaged 25,000 housing
km of roads and 595 kilometres of railways.
- The attacks also damaged 14 airports, 19 hospitals,
health centres, 18 kindergartens, 69 schools, 176 cultural
monuments and 44 bridges, while 38 were destroyed.
- During the aggression NATO carried out 2,300 air
995 facilities across the country, while 1,150 combat aircraft
launched nearly 420,000 missiles.
- NATO also launched 1,300 cruise missiles, dropped
37,000 cluster bombs that killed some 200 people and wounded
hundreds, and used prohibited ammunition with depleted
- A third of the power capacity of the country was
two oil refineries in Pancevo and Novi Sad were bombed, while
NATO forces used the opportunity to deploy the so-called graphite
bombs for the first time to disable the power system.
After several attempts to end the war by diplomatic
the bombing ended with the signing of the Military Technical
Agreement in Kumanovo on June 9, 1999, after which the Yugoslav
Army and Serbian police started withdrawing from Kosovo and
A day later, the UN Security Council adopted Resolution
and some 37,200 NATO-led KFOR troops from 36 countries were
deployed in Kosovo with the task of "keeping the peace, security,
and ensuring the return of refugees until the widest degree of
autonomy was defined for the territory."
Serbian Prime Minister's Remarks at Remembrance Day
Prime Minister Aleksandar
Vučić of Serbia addressed the
central state ceremony to mark Remembrance Day dedicated to the
victims of NATO's bombing campaign that started on March 24,
1999. The ceremony was held in Varvarin, where on May 30, 1999,
NATO air strikes on a bridge across the Velika Morava River
killed ten citizens, seriously wounding 17 others. "An aggression
was launched against the Republic of Serbia, the first bombs
fell, and continued to fall for the next 78 days, killing and
destroying. They were killing citizens of Serbia, trying to kill
Serbia... the night 17 years ago will be remembered forever, we
are today saying proudly, standing tall, in a sad and quiet
voice, but clearly: you were killing us, you were killing our
children, but you did not kill Serbia because nobody can," said Vučić.
He then addressed the families of victims:
"We can only kneel before you, bow our heads, we who
indebted, to be silent at least for a moment ... Forgive, if you
can, also those who do not know how to ask for forgiveness, those
who did the killing, without knowing how to say 'I'm sorry.' They
never wanted to see the spasm on our faces. That was an
aggression of 19 powerful countries, senseless and needless, one
of those carnages that destroy everything without solving
According to the prime minister, every war is a crime
has no justification, explanation, reason or sense.
"There is only a warning both to them and to us -- to
that they will have to, at least in front of God, tell about all
the victims, they will have to say that blood was blood, not a
coincidence or collateral damage. Those were children, not the
fight for democracy and freedom. God may forgive them, we have,
but we have not forgotten," said Vučić.
He then referenced the Crusades and "the killing of the
entire town of Beziers," when a papal legate said, "Kill them all
-- surely the Lord discerns which ones are his," and added,
"That's what used to be said, now it is said this is collateral
Besides the families of the victims, the survivors, and
prime minister, the commemoration was attended by Serbian
government ministers, National Assembly President Maja Gojković,
Republika Srpska President Milorad Dodik, and others.
Statement of CPC(M-L), March 25, 1999
Ottawa demonstration against NATO bombing of Serbia, April 17, 1999.
NATO's Aggression Against Yugoslavia!
Canadian Involvement Now! Demand that NATO Be Dismantled!
The Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist)
condemns the criminal aggression unleashed against Yugoslavia by
the aggressive NATO military alliance under the auspices of the
U.S. imperialists and other big powers. CPC(M-L) condemns the
Chrétien Liberals for involving Canadian planes and forces in
this criminal action and demands that Canadian forces be
immediately withdrawn, that Canada get out of NATO and that NATO
Canada calls itself a peace-loving
nation. It presently
the chair of the Security Council. It is duty-bound to support
the established principles of international law. This means
Canada must oppose the use of force or threat of the use of force
in international affairs, foreign interference into the internal
affairs of sovereign nations, and the creation of pretexts under
the guise of high ideals to justify what cannot be justified.
This aggression under the auspices of NATO marks the
time in its fifty-year history as an aggressive military alliance
that NATO has attacked a sovereign country in outright violation
of established principles and international law. The use of NATO
is also to circumvent the United Nations Security Council so as
to bypass the veto power of both Russia and China which oppose
the use of force against Yugoslavia. Furthermore, historically
the control of the Balkans has been central to the control of
Europe. The U.S. is seeking to establish its hegemony over all of
Europe, while the other big powers in Europe, especially Britain,
Germany and France are seeking to establish their own
prerogatives over Europe in contention with U.S. imperialism. The
contention of the big powers over control of the Balkans so as to
control Europe escalated into World War One. They are seriously
endangering the cause of world peace once again, besides
committing barbaric crimes against the peoples of the region.
CPC(M-L) also calls on the
Canadian workers, women and
to condemn the Hitlerite propaganda of the U.S. imperialist
chieftain William Clinton and the likes of Tony Blair and Jean
Chrétien who declare that the aggression is a "moral imperative"
to "bring peace and stability" to the region, "avert a human
catastrophe" and "defend human rights." It is the interference of
the big powers which is behind the suffering of the peoples of
the region. They are the ones which finance, arm and incite
different factions so as to make sure their interests are
A precondition for peace in the region is to demand
big powers withdraw from the region and leave the peoples to sort
out their affairs themselves. It is a big lie that when the
peoples are left to sort out their own problems themselves, they
resort to fratricidal war; it is an integral part of the
Hitlerite technique that if you repeat a lie often enough, it
will be believed. It is important that the Canadian people think
things out for themselves and take an active stand in opposing
these Hitlerite lies and the use of pretexts to carry out wanton
aggression and slaughter and create the conditions for a third
world war. The peoples of the Balkans played an extremely heroic
role during World War Two against fascist aggression,
contributing in no small way to defeating the axis powers and
bringing the war to an end.
It is the peoples who are decisive in establishing
they must be left alone to sort out their problems themselves. So
long as the peoples play a passive role, the big powers will
continue to dictate their fate and create the danger of another
slaughter of world wide proportions. Peace will only come to the
Balkans when all the imperialist forces are thrown out of the
region and the peoples are left to settle their affairs
themselves without foreign interference.
Demonstrate against this aggression and Canada's
and demand that the norms of international relations be upheld by
NATO and All Foreign Powers, Out of the
Canadian Involvement Now!
Leave the Peoples of the Balkans to
Settle Their Own Affairs!
Get Canada Out of NATO! Dismantle
Anti-War Actions on 13th Anniversary
Invasion of Iraq
Actions Demand End to Canada's Participation in
Wars and Occupation
Ottawa, March 19, 2016
Demonstrations were held in cities across Canada on
19, the 13th anniversary of the 2003 U.S. invasion of Iraq and
the fifth anniversary of the start of the 2011 NATO war against
Libya. The main demands of the demonstrations were that the Liberal
government bring all troops home from Syria, Iraq and other
countries and for Canada to end its participation in U.S./NATO
wars of aggression and occupation.
Demonstrations also raised the need for Canada to cease
interference in the sovereign affairs of Syria, Libya, Ukraine and
Haiti and to end support for the Israeli occupation of Palestine
and that Canada needs an anti-war government. Speakers at various
demonstrations noted the significance of the use of pretexts to
give the appearance of legitimacy to wars of aggression, a major
feature of the lead-up to the attacks on Iraq and Libya. They
noted that it is important for Canadians to understand how such
pretexts are used to ensure that war is not waged in their name,
including under the guise of peacekeeping.
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