Soviet-German Non-Aggression Pact, August 23, 1939
Falsifications About the Origins of the Second World War
against the glorification of Nazism, Ottawa, August 21, 2020.
government of Canada declared August 23 Black Ribbon Day to spread lies
which blame the former Soviet Union for starting the Second World War.
Soviet Union signed a non-aggression pact with Hitler Germany on August
23, 1939 which the government of Canada claims was a "military
alliance" to take joint military action against some third
country. But the pact contained no such agreement. The agreement was
only that the two countries would not attack each other.
the Soviet Union for starting the Second World War also serves to
attention from the facts about the Munich Agreement the British and
French signed with Hitler Germany on September 30, 1938 which gave
Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland to Germany and the Hitlerites a
green light to take over Czechoslovakia, invade Poland and unleash the
war crimes and atrocities they carried out against the peoples of
Europe during the Second World War.
today use the anniversary of the non-aggression pact not to acclaim the
great victory of the world’s people over Nazi Germany but to
slander the great deeds of the Soviet Union by repeating claims which
falsify history. To his shame, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau on August
23, 2019 called the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact a "sombre
anniversary," and said
"Signed between the
Soviet Union and Nazi Germany in 1939 to divide Central and Eastern
Europe, the infamous pact set the stage for the appalling atrocities
these regimes would commit."
the Soviet Union’s unrelenting battle to defeat Nazi
with Nazi war crimes is for what purpose? In actuality, the two main
factors leading to the Nazi Germany-initiated Second World War were the
huge U.S. investments to rebuild the German economy, beginning with the
1924 J.P. Morgan-led U.S. Dawes Plan which financed the rebuilding of
Germany’s industries, especially their war industries, and
treacherous policy of appeasing Germany by renouncing collective
security followed by Britain and France with the tacit agreement of
Canada, while the U.S. was busy financing German war production.
big lies about a so-called Soviet-German "alliance" began
in January 1948. The U.S. publication of material from the diaries of
Hitlerite officials, in collaboration with the British and French
foreign offices, started a fresh wave of slander and lies in connection
with the Molotov-Ribbentrop Non-Aggression Pact. We are to ignore that
the German documents were all written from the standpoint of the Hitler
government and were without independent verification. It was a
deliberate Cold War campaign against the Soviet Union by the U.S. and
its allies to cover up their own nefarious post war deeds.
Soviet Union did not treat these lies lightly. The Soviet Information
Bureau almost immediately published a very important document, Falsificators of History,
to refute them.
These same lies about the
Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact should also not be treated with indifference
today. They aim to present the values of those who are prompted by
narrow ideological beliefs as Canadian values. In fact, the proponents
of Black Ribbon Day are descendants of the very same Nazi forces that
spread death and destruction across Europe. They present their
forebears -- who were Nazi collaborators that sent Jews, Poles,
Roma and many others to their deaths in concentration camps -- as
freedom fighters because they fought against communism. Their values
are not Canadian values.
is no place for a monument which espouses these values based on narrow
anti-communist ideological beliefs in a space called The Garden of the
Provinces and Territories. Canadians fought in the Second World War to
defeat the Nazis. They sacrificed their lives to win freedom, democracy
and peace. Their sons and daughters had nothing but admiration for the
sacrifices of the communists led by the Soviet Union. To suggest we
need a monument to the "victims of communism," not to the
victims of Nazi-fascism and U.S. imperialist wars of aggression, coups
d’état, sanctions and crimes against humanity
colonial times, is not worthy of Canada or what Canadians stand for.
signing a non-aggression pact in 1939 was "helping Hitler" then the
British and French had already been "helping Hitler" since
signing such pacts a year earlier and Poland had been "helping
Hitler" since 1934. It is also significant that these same
reactionaries never once mention the filthy pro-Nazi role of U.S.
corporations such as Ford, General Motors, Standard Oil, Texaco, Dupont
and ITT which supplied the Nazi war machine with essential equipment
and materials that enabled their invasion of Europe.
and France issued a joint declaration of non-aggression with Germany in
1938, not to mention a "Pact of Accord and Cooperation"
signed in 1933 when Hitler came to power. Poland signed a
non-aggression pact with the Nazis in 1934, five years before the
Soviet Union did, yet this is never mentioned as a cause of war. Of all
the non-aggressive Great Powers in Europe, the Soviet Union was the
very last to agree to a pact with the Germans, a decision it was forced
into by Britain and France’s rejection of collective security.
history of events in 1938 -- both before and after Hitler’s
occupation of Austria in March -- show that the Soviet Union, as
it had done in earlier years, made many efforts to persuade Britain and
France to maintain collective mutual assistance and in particular to
carry out their undertaking to defend Czechoslovakia against
aggression. The Soviet Union was not only willing to join forces with
France to defend Czechoslovakia if France would keep her word, but was
prepared to defend Czechoslovakia on her own, even if France refused.
the efforts by the Soviet Union to build collective security were
shunned by the British, French and Americans. The British and French
refused to sign any collective mutual assistance pact with the Soviet
Union because their rulers still hoped Germany would attack and destroy
the Soviet Union. One last effort by the Soviet Union in April 1939 was
again rejected, even though polls in both countries showed massive
popular support for it. Instead, Britain and France had signed the
traitorous September 30, 1938, Munich Pact with Germany and Italy which
permitted Germany to dismember Czechoslovakia and incorporate the
Sudetenland, ordered the Czechs not to resist Nazi aggression, and gave
the Nazis the green light to launch their attacks across Europe.
reactionaries never want to discuss the Munich Pact because it was such
a blatant betrayal of the world’s people that even Winston
Churchill accused Prime Minister Chamberlain in the British Parliament:
"You were given the choice between war and dishonour. You chose
dishonour and you will have war." It is indisputable that faced
with the British and French betrayal, the Soviet Union had no choice
but to take whatever measures it could to defend itself and the cause
Left to right: Chamberlain, Daladier,
Hitler, Mussolini, and Ciano at signing of sellout Munich Agreement in
these facts can be verified. They are all available in reports,
speeches, accounts and documents of that time. One example of the
policy of appeasement of Hitler is Memo #8604, sent to Moscow by
Russian intelligence from Prague several days before the signing of the
Munich Agreement. It reads: "On September 19, British Ambassador
Newton and French Ambassador De Lacroix conveyed to [Czechoslovak prime
minister] Milan Hodza the following on behalf of Chamberlain and
respectfully: 'Guided by the lofty principles of preserving peace
in Europe, they consider it necessary for Germany to incorporate the
Sudeten region. A system of mutual aid pacts with other countries
should be cancelled.’"
Supposedly this betrayal of the
Czech people which led to German occupation was "guided by the
lofty principles of preserving peace." Yet within a year of
marching into Czechoslovakia, Germany had invaded Poland, Denmark,
Norway, Belgium, the Netherlands and France, and bombed Britain.
oft-repeated lie is that the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany agreed in
the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact to "divide Poland," again
falsely implying that the pact included a commitment to joint military
action against a third country. While it is true that the Nazis invaded
Poland on September 1, 1939, committing one of the worst war crimes the
world has ever seen by killing about six million people, the role of
the Soviet Union was entirely different. The Soviet Army marched into
the territory of Poland on September 17, only after the Polish state
had collapsed, the Polish army had disintegrated, the government had
ceased to function, and its leaders had fled the country. Further, the
Soviet Union marched into the territories of the Ukraine and
Byelorussia which had been part of Soviet Russia until Poland forcibly
annexed them during the Polish-Russian War of 1919-20, when Poland was
one of the 14 invading imperialist countries, including Canada, that
attempted but failed to strangle the newborn Soviet socialist republic.
In fact, only about eight per cent of the people in the Ukraine and
Byelorussia were of Polish origin.
was the result of the Soviet Army marching into Poland? As a result of
the Soviet Union’s timely entry into what had been
the Polish state, Hitler was forced to accept a line of demarcation
between his troops and the Red Army, a long way west of the then
The Red Army saved millions of people
inhabiting the Ukraine and Byelorussia from the fate which Hitler
reserved for the Polish people. Even the known anti-communist Winston
Churchill publicly justified the Soviet march into eastern Poland as
necessary not only for the safety of the people of Poland and the
Soviet Union but also the people of the Baltic states and Ukraine. On
October 1, 1939, Churchill said in a public radio broadcast: "That the
Russian armies should stand on this line [Curzon] was
clearly necessary for the safety of Russia against the Nazi menace. At
any rate, the line is there, and an Eastern Front has been created
which Nazi Germany does not dare assail. When Herr von Ribbentrop was
summoned to Moscow last week it was to learn the fact, and accept the
fact, that the Nazi designs upon the Baltic states and upon the Ukraine
must come to a dead stop."
of course, it was the Soviet Red Army which in January 1945 led the
final freeing of Poland from the Nazi occupation, liberating Warsaw and
then breaking through the formidable Nazi defences on the Vistula-Oder
which marked the border of Poland and Germany. The complete success of
the latter operation created the favourable conditions for entering
Germany on January 20 and advancing deep into the heart of Germany,
mopping up the Nazi forces, taking Berlin, and ending the existence of
the Third Reich forever.
The Soviet Red Army liberates Poland in 1945.
this huge contribution, on February 6, 1945, the President and Prime
Minister of Poland wrote to J.V. Stalin: "The Polish people will
never forget that in the most difficult and trying time of their
history they received fraternal help from the Soviet people not only in
the form of blood and arms of the Red Army but also bread as well as
tremendous assistance of an economic nature."
nefarious actions of the Anglo-Americans and the French behind the back
of the Soviet Union destroyed the existing elements of the collective
security system against Nazi Germany. It was the Munich Pact signed by
Great Britain, France, Germany, and Italy which was the final cowardly
act that triggered the Second World War, the killing of millions of
people, and the European Holocaust. The judgment of history points to
the truth about the Anglo-American and French betrayal of the
world’s people and to the truth about the heroic role of the
Soviet Union and J. V. Stalin in defeating the Nazis. No falsifiers of
history can change those facts.
50 million people died and another 35 million were seriously wounded
during the Anti-Fascist War, with the peoples of the Soviet Union
bearing the brunt of the casualties. This is the truth of the matter.
Notes 1. Falsificators
of History by Soviet Information Bureau (Moscow: 1948).
2. See, for
example, Nazi Nexus: America's Corporate Connections to
Hitler's Holocaust by Edwin Black (Washington, DC: Dialogue
Press, 2009), and Big Business and Hitler by
Jacques R. Pauwels (Toronto: James Lorimer & Co., 2017).
"Stalin 'planned to send a million troops to stop Hitler if Britain and
France agreed pact:' Stalin was 'prepared to move more than a million
Soviet troops to the German border to deter Hitler's aggression just
before the Second World War,'" by Nick Holdsworth, Telegraph
(London, UK), October 18, 2008.
4. "Russian Foreign Intelligence
Service Declassifies Munich Agreement Papers" by Valery Harmolenko, RIA
Novosti, September 29, 2008.
5. Causes and Lessons of
the Second World War by Hardial Bains (Toronto: MELS, 1990).
World War II: Decisive Battles of the Soviet Army by
V. Larionov, N. Yeronin, B. Solovyov & V. Timokhovich
(Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1984).
This article was published in
Volume 50 Number 31 - August 22, 2020
Soviet-German Non-Aggression Pact, August 23, 1939 : Falsifications About the Origins of the Second World War - Dougal MacDonald