September 1, 2018 - No. 29
Labour Day 2018
The Dignity of the
Working Class Is
in Its Defence of the Rights of All
- Workers' Centre
of CPC(M-L) -
• Quebec General Election Campaign Underway
- Pauline Easton -
• Why Small Parties and Independents
in BC Referendum Campaign
- Peter Ewart -
Collaboration in Support of Terrorism
• White Helmets Smuggled Out of
Syria by Israel for
Resettlement in Canada, Other NATO
- Margaret Villamizar -
• More Official Anti-Communist
Glorification of Nazism
- Dougal MacDonald -
• Hands Off Venezuela!
• 24th São Paulo Forum Held in
• U.S. Plans for Using Facebook to
Disseminate Propaganda in Cuba
• Social Media: The Ideological
Apparatus in Dispute
- Gilberto Ríos Munguía -
• The Legal War Against
- Enrique Santiago Romero -
24th São Paulo Forum
• Final Declaration
Labour Day 2018
The Dignity of the Working Class Is Found in
Its Defence of
the Rights of All
- Workers' Centre of CPC(M-L) -
mark with much on their minds. The future of the society and its
security lie in the workers leading the fight in defence of the rights
Day more than ever before, it can be seen that the dignity of the
working class is at stake. Due to the severe crisis in which the
democracy is mired, the workers are systematically deprived of wages
commensurate with the work they perform, conditions which guarantee
their health and safety at work, and secure pensions. They are also
deprived of effective means to affirm their rights.
which form the cartel party system, have never been
so desperate to keep themselves afloat by seizing all the human and
material resources which belong to the people. Their cut-throat
competition for riches and power is such that they spend their lives
attacking each other and talking gibberish to the people about how
their sell-out is in the national interest and for the good of the
have seized dominant positions throughout the economy and
state, and are using their power to favour their narrow private
interests against the working class and all others. Within the economy
and society, working people are challenged to develop new methods of
struggle to defend their rights.
Working people of BC and Alberta, alongside Indigenous peoples,
demand a say and control
over how resources are developed. Top: demonstration against
Kinder Morgan buyout in Vancouver, August 24, 2018. Bottom: actions in
Alberta against the pipeline and for a new direction for the economy.
the economy and future of society. At present, the
anti-social offensive appears as the concentration of power in the
hands of the global oligopolies of the financial oligarchy. Their
supranational arrangements are designed to place at their disposal for
use in their private empire-building the natural resources and means of
production of the nation and all the social wealth workers produce.
to reform the political process which the ruling class is
manoeuvring to defeat. Subjecting Canada to U.S. Homeland Security and
crushing the organized resistance of workers and their unions is in the
forefront of the attack of the oligopolies on nation-building and
society. The financial oligarchy knows full well that an organized and
conscious working class is the greatest defender of the rights and
well-being of all and the general interests of nation-building and
society, which is why they target the workers and their organizations
Steelworkers, Hamilton, Labour Day 2017.
This is why the workers are also stepping up their
opposition to laws
and arrangements which trample their rights in the mud. When the
oligopolies want something, they demand the state institutions and
political representatives pass laws and regulations in the service of
their private interests. Only the struggle of the workers for justice,
human dignity and the rights of all stands between the people and
intensified impoverishment, enslavement and war, all carried out under
alternating banners of prosperity, freedom, human rights and democracy
for the few.
Nova Scotia public sector workers oppose legislation attacking their
right to negotiate terms of work with the government, September 21,
Across the country, workers in manufacturing, mining,
transportation, health care, education and throughout the public and
private services sectors, including casinos, as well as those
representing injured workers and seniors, have shown tremendous
determination to defend their rights and honour.
Workers in the transportation sector defend their rights. Top: Pearson
International Airport, Mississauga, September 3, 2017. Bottom: Quebec
truckers in Rimouski, Quebec, participate
in day of action, May 14, 2018.
Quebec crane operators and other workers in the
have stood up and met with determination the arrogance of the
construction oligarchs and their political and media flunkies.
Construction workers refuse to have their honour besmirched and dragged
in the mud of media slanders and backward legislation that criminalize
their right to an organized say over their conditions of work.
Montreal crane operators oppose unsafe changes to training
May 5, 2018.
Salt miners in Goderich, Ontario stood tall along with
to blockade scab mercenaries from entering their mine during a recent
strike. With their action they forced the U.S. oligarchs to negotiate
and come to an agreement.
Striking Goderich salt miners prevent scabs from entering plant and
force company to return to bargaining table and back off on
concessions. Photo above shows rally July 14, 2018.
Over one thousand aluminum smelter workers in
continue to activate their forces in opposition to a lockout that has
lasted more than half a year. The workers have taken their battle
throughout North America explaining how the global oligarchs are
manipulating the aluminum sector to serve their private interests and
destroy what workers have built. The Rio Tinto and Alcoa oligarchs in
collusion with governments in power are stealing not only the social
wealth workers produce but wrecking any prospects for nation-building.
Locked-out aluminum workers in Bécancour, Quebec receive broad
for their just stands
in defence of their rights. Photo above from solidarity rally, March
This Labour Day let workers pledge to step up their
resistance in defence of the rights and dignity of all. Stop the
oligarchs from expropriating the country's social wealth to get richer
while depriving the working people of any say or control over the
economy and the social product they produce.
Stop Paying the Rich!
Increase Investments in Social Programs!
Canada a Zone for Peace!
Quebec General Election Campaign Underway
- Pauline Easton -
On August 23, Quebec Premier Philippe Couillard
the National Assembly and asked the Lieutenant-Governor to
convoke the 42nd general election of Quebec on October 1. The
Quebec electoral law now makes this a fixed election date.
The Marxist-Leninist Party of
Quebec (PMLQ) is fielding at
least 25 candidates in the election. When the election was called,
there were 21 political parties authorized by the Chief Electoral
Officer of Quebec. The candidates of the officially recognized
political parties and independent candidates have until September 15 to
be registered as candidates in this election. All others who want to
participate in the election and spend money, including citizens, have
to register as a "third party."
The National Assembly has 125 deputies. At
its dissolution, it was comprised of 68 members of the Liberal
Party, 28 of the Parti Québécois, 21 of the
Coalition Avenir Québec, three of Québec Solidaire
and five independents. There are currently 6,160,000 citizens
to vote in the 125 constituencies in Quebec. The list is subject
to revisions prior to polling days.
So far, the campaign is tainted by the desperation of
ruling class to form a party government that will carry on
implementing its neo-liberal agenda at a time the people are
disgusted with the Liberals' performance in paying the rich
and dividing the people on an identity basis. Meanwhile,
everything is done to make sure the people have no voice. Their
rejection of the brutal anti-social offensive which results in
the destruction of manufacturing jobs, pillages the natural
resources and seriously undermines social programs is manifest.
They despise the schemes to privatize social programs and destroy
the social fabric so as to pay the rich. Despite the silence
imposed on the striving of the workers and people for empowerment
by the parties which form a cartel to keep the people in
disarray, the need to renew the political process so that people
can speak in their own name is glaring.
To make sure this is ignored, already the ruling
through their polling agencies and media have declared that a
party described as "right-wing," the Coalition Avenir Québec, is
ahead in the polls with 37.1 per cent of the intended
vote and 74 seats. The working people, accused of being
"right-wing," are said to "want" this party. The polls also
predict that the Liberals will come in second place with 31.4 per
cent of the vote and 40 seats. The Parti Québécois has
been declared out of contention, the media declaring "thankfully" that
the national question is now dead and off the table. The PQ has been
assigned 18.4 per cent of the intended vote and seven seats. The fourth
party with seats in the National Assembly, Québec Solidaire, is
predicted to win four seats and 9.7 per cent of the vote.
What to Make of this State of Affairs?
Any notion that an election
is to bring to power
representatives of the people is non-existent. The fictional
account of what the people want has been reduced to an
increasingly hysterical plethora of promises about more day care
spaces, more homes for seniors, free dental care and the like.
According to this fiction, the youth of Quebec, who are in the
forefront of the striving to humanize the natural and social
environment, just want to make money, find a niche for themselves
in the system and have fun. The concerns the workers have been
expressing and fighting on are totally ignored. The dictate of
the oligopolies is imposed on a supranational basis making the
national question a million times more relevant than ever as not
only the rights of workers and their defence organizations and
the farmers and small producers are trampled in the mud but even
governments can exercise no control over what happens to the
Quebec, like the rest of Canada, has been brought under
the jurisdiction of U.S. Homeland Security and its youth are
dragged off to participate in U.S. wars of occupation and
aggression despite the Quebec people's ages long opposition to
imperialist wars. Never has the need to vest sovereignty in the
people been greater so as to develop an independent economy and
control over political, social and cultural affairs and
contribute to the cause of peace internationally.
Far from the struggle for sovereignty being over, the major
concern of the people is to bring it about by fighting for the
renewal of the political process so as to empower themselves.
To divert the attention of
the people from the actual
developments in Quebec and their significance, the Quebec workers
are being criminalized and attacked to make them out to be the
enemy, a mafia whose demands for wages commensurate with the work
they perform, health and safety at work, and security in
retirement hold employers hostage and cause damage to the
economy. It is ridiculous. Every attempt is also made to divide
the people on the basis of so-called identity politics -- an
irrational sort of opposition to cultural appropriation that
blames the people for discrimination, racism and genocide which
are in fact promoted by the rulers not the people.
people of their voices so that they can work things out anew and
come to terms with the old conscience of society is not going to
protect anyone except the rich and their derelict institutions.
The promotion of xenophobia is another despicable practice of the
rich to blame the people for their own violations of humanitarian
laws and the crimes they are themselves committing. Every attempt
is made to divide the people and deprive them of an outlook which
permits them to fight as one for what belongs to them by right.
Those who benefit from the division of the people then promote
themselves as the greatest champions of minority rights, Indigenous
rights and a good life for the people. The people hold
them in utter contempt. They can see that the elections are
designed to stop them from expressing what they want.
Modern Quebec Which Recognizes the Rights of All! the
PMLQ's platform in this election is as follows:
To humanize the natural and social environment: All
for democratic renewal!
A new direction for the economy:
- Stop paying the
rich; increase funding for social programs!
- Manufacturing Yes!
- Our resources stay here!
For the renewal of the political process:
future lies in the fight for the rights of all!
decision-making power in the people, not the rich!
- Fund the
electoral process, not the parties!
Defend the dignity of labour:
- Negotiation Yes!
- No to the criminalization of workers and their
defence of their rights!
Make Quebec a zone for peace:
- No to NATO and
- No to integration into U.S. Homeland Security and wars
- Not a single youth for imperialist war!
Visit the PMLQ's website at: pmlq.qc.ca.
Why Small Parties and Independents Are Demonized in BC
- Peter Ewart -
A lot of fuss is being made about the possibility of
parties and independents being elected to the BC Legislature if
British Columbians decide to throw out the existing first-past-the-post
voting system and replace it with proportional representation. Indeed,
leading up to the provincial
referendum this fall, various big party politicians and NGOs
opposed to proportional representation have issued dire warnings about
According to them, the sky will fall, or worse, if proportional
representation is adopted.
For example, the "No to
proportional representation in BC"
group, claims that proportional representation will "allow extremist
parties into the BC
Legislature with just five per cent of the vote -- and to potentially
hold the balance of power." Using this logic, the group argues
that it is a good thing under first past
the post that what it calls "extremist"
small parties have diminished or no representation in
legislatures and parliaments, despite even substantial support
from voters. How this is in any way democratic the group does not
For his part, Ujjal Dosanjh, former premier of BC and
cabinet minister, argues that proportional representation will
"encourage the election of
MLAs from fringe parties of the right or the left in BC."
These views are echoed at the federal level by former
Prime Minister Jean Chretien who claims that proportional
representation is a way for
"apparatchiks" to "enter Parliament through the back door." There
is some irony here in that Chretien won his second majority
government with only 38 per cent of the popular vote and, as some
described it, acted as "a friendly dictator who governed with few
checks on his power."
Current Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has previously
in on this issue by arguing, "If we were to make a change or
risk a change that would augment individual voices -- that
would augment extremist voices and activist voices that don't get
to sit within a party that figures out what's best for the whole
future of the country, like the three existing parties do."
Why are these big party politicians and NGOs hurling
vitriol at small parties and independents? They are doing so from
the point of view of a cartel big party system that exists at
both the federal and provincial levels of government. The
system enshrines this big party monopoly and is one of the
preferred mechanisms by which the cartel strives to control the
electoral process and attempts to snuff out the voice of the
No matter their endless
broken promises, corruption
anti-democratic measures, or other misdeeds, the big parties keep
their grip on power using spin doctors, computer analytics, a
compliant monopoly media and, most importantly, an electoral
process which disempowers the citizenry. Their first commandment
is to reduce people to spectators and keep them out of any
decision-making or even serious discussion about the problems the
society faces. Their second commandment is to demonize or dismiss
anyone who questions the status quo.
Because of the activities
of the ruling elite and their
political representatives, elections and the political process
itself have become discredited, something of which the big party
operatives and their oligarchic backers are acutely aware.
They are also acutely aware that the small parties and
independents often push for electoral reform and citizen
empowerment and thus pose a challenge to the cartel party system
and must be kept marginalized. This is not just the marginalization of
small political parties or of independent candidates; it is first and
foremost the marginalization of the citizenry. The voice of the growing
number of people who hold political views that do not correspond to
those of Canada's ruling elite must be silenced at all costs.
By voting Yes to proportional representation with one
voice, the citizens of BC can seize some initiative in this matter and
insist on having a say on what comes next. This would be a positive
Canada-U.S. Collaboration in Support of
White Helmets Smuggled Out of Syria by Israel
for Resettlement in Canada, Other NATO Countries
- Margaret Villamizar -
After four years of financing and promoting the White
Helmets, a U.S./NATO front for foreign intervention and
regime change in Syria, NATO arranged for the Israeli military to
evacuate 98 of its assets and their families from Syria on the weekend
of July 21-22. The evacuation took place as Syrian government forces
were liberating the last remaining pockets of terrorist-controlled
territory in the southwest of the country. This should leave little
doubt in anyone's mind as to whose
interests the so-called humanitarian rescue group serves.
The 442 people were smuggled under cover of darkness across the border
into the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights, where they were picked up by
UN officials and taken to an Israeli army base. From there they were
transported to Jordan to be processed for fast-track resettlement in
Canada, Britain and Germany.
The White Helmets, also
known as Syria Civil Defence, claim to be a volunteer humanitarian
organization whose members rush to the scene of airstrikes and bombings
to rescue civilians, but only in so-called rebel controlled areas. They
many times called for foreign military intervention in the form of "no
fly zones" to be imposed against the Syrian government in its own
national territory. A December 2016 TML
Weekly article, which called the group "part of the
private special forces on the civilian front," stated, "They reinforce
the aim of
regime change in Syria, including acting as auxiliaries for
anti-government armed groups that are financed by the imperialists
which Canada supports."
The White Helmets' videos have repeatedly been used to provide
"evidence" that the Syrian government and allied forces use chemical
weapons. This is repeated over and over again by the imperialists and
echoed in the monopoly media with the logic that repeating a lie over
and over again will make it true. They do this in spite of adamant
denials by the Syrian government that it uses chemical weapons, the
absence of any corroborating evidence, the logical impossibility of
some of the claims, and even evidence that the attacks were perpetrated
by anti-government terrorists as "false flags." The videos, are used
without question to justify U.S.-led air strikes on Syrian
government targets, which Canada and others jump in to applaud and
declare as necessary, as took place in April last year.
The smuggling operation in July was widely reported by Canadian news
sources. All the stories are peppered with quotes by "experts" backing
up the White Helmets' claims about the dire fate that awaited them as
Syrian government forces completed the clearing out of terrorist forces
like Al Qaeda's Nusra Front and others from areas where they had been
operating. Any challenge to the official U.S.-NATO narrative about the
role the White Helmets have been playing is typically dismissed as the
product of a Russian "disinformation campaign" against the group.
A Globe and Mail
article quotes James Le Mesurier, the former British military
intelligence officer and private security contractor who founded the
White Helmets in 2014 as saying,
"Three countries took the lead: Canada, the U.K. and Germany. But the
drive, the galvanization, came from Canada."
And the Trudeau government did not hesitate to take the credit. In a
July 21 statement, Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland said:
Canada, working in close
partnership with the United Kingdom and
Germany, has been leading an international effort to ensure the safety
of White Helmets and their families.
Canada has been unequivocal about its support for the
At a meeting of Foreign Ministers on the occasion of the NATO leaders'
summit in Brussels last week, I called for global leadership to support
and help these heroes.
Canada has been a key partner of the White Helmets and
is proud to
have provided funding to support their emergency training and to
increase the number of women White Helmets. We feel a deep moral
responsibility towards these brave and selfless people.
Freeland and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau are said to have used
"formal interventions" at the NATO summit on July 11-12 to draw
attention to and enlist support from other member countries for the
evacuation and resettlement of their assets. Germany and Britain in the
end also agreed to accept a limited number of White Helmets and their
In an article published in Strategic
Culture Foundation, Finian Cunningham notes that Germany's
actions in particular appear "odd," given that Interior Minister Horst
Seehofer who personally authorized the resettlement of the White
Helmets is the same person who has mounted a strong challenge to
Chancellor Angela Merkel's "open door" policy towards immigrants. He
concludes, however, that what Germany, Britain, Canada and possibly
others that might follow suit are doing is "taking in their terror
assets," perhaps to stop them from revealing the dirty secrets they
know, should they be abandoned to their own fate.
According to unnamed sources cited by CBC, former
Liberal Justice Minister Irwin Cotler, a Zionist warmonger who poses as
a "human rights expert" and is knee-deep in conspiring with the
Secretary General of the Organization of American States to force
regime change in Venezuela, was enlisted by Canada to help broker the
smuggling arrangement with Israel.
The Syrian government denounced the "criminal operation," saying
"Israel has always lied, claiming it does not have any relation to the
war waged on Syria, yet it has smuggled hundreds of members of the
'White Helmets' terrorist organization and of the leaders of other
armed terrorist organizations in cooperation with the governments of
the U.S., Britain, Jordan, Germany and Canada and this has uncovered
the support provided by these states to the terrorist groups in their
aggression against the Syrians and in destroying the infrastructure in
Syria under false pretexts."
Commenting on Israel's role, Cunningham writes:
In a stunning revelation of
the foreign links to the extremists in Syria, Israeli Prime Minister
Benjamin Netanyahu ordered his military forces to evacuate up to 800
militants belonging to the so-called White Helmets. They are the
propaganda merchants for Nusra Front and other al-Qaeda-linked terror
Netanyahu announced that the blatant intervention to rescue the
jihadists in southwest Syria was made at the personal request of U.S.
President Donald Trump and the Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau,
Separately, there were reports of four senior jihadist commanders being
given safe passage by Israeli forces out of Syria as the Syrian army
closed in on the last-remaining militant strongholds around the
southwest city of Daraa and Quneitra province.
Nor was it coincidental that the evacuation operations were accompanied
by Israeli air strikes on Syrian government facilities in Hama province.
Imperialist Financing and Political Support for White
In May a State Department official
told CNN that the U.S. had provided $33 million to the White Helmets
since 2013. Its largest single backer, though, is said to be the
Foreign Office. A spokesperson for Global Affairs Canada said recently
that Canada had given $7.5 million to the group over two years. The
money was said to be for training in explosives-removal techniques, and
to recruit volunteers, particularly women -- a typical attempt by the
Trudeau Liberals to give their interfering, pro-war activities a
progressive appearance, as is the case with their special envoy's
"affirmative action" work to recruit and train women to be part of the
imperialist-backed Syrian Opposition's High Negotiating Committee that
has repeatedly foiled attempts to put an end to the war through
Canadians should reject with contempt the role Canada is playing in
support of the U.S.-led war of terror in Syria, as well as any
suggestion that its actions are based on humanitarian considerations,
concern for human rights, democracy, women's rights or any other high
ideal. The time is now to organize for an anti-war government and to
make Canada a zone for peace.
1. "Promotion of 'White
Helmets' Serves Nefarious Aims," TML
Weekly, December 10, 2016.
Canada's Anti-Communist Crusade
More Official Anti-Communist
Glorification of Nazism
- Dougal MacDonald -
On August 23, the Trudeau regime once again made a
statement to mark the anniversary of Black Ribbon Day, a memorial day
concocted by the ruling circles of Europe in 2009 to promote
anti-communism through slanders and lies, and to glorify Nazism. The
Canadian Parliament designated the same day "National Day of
Remembrance for the Victims of Communism and Nazism in Europe" in
December that year.
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau began his 2018 statement by completely
nature of the August 23, 1939 Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. The real
historical significance of August 23, which is being deliberately
covered up by the anti-communist campaign, is that it is the
anniversary of the 1939 Soviet-German Non-Aggression Pact
(Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact), which gave the Soviet Union an extra 22
to build up its defences against the expected Nazi invasion. By this
time, Germany had occupied Austria and taken over
The Soviet Union called on Britain and France to sign a collective
mutual assistance pact, which might have saved Europe from the Second
World War or, at least, ensured that the war was shorter and less
destructive. The British and French imperialists rejected the proposals
for collective security because they hoped to egg on Hitler to attack
and destroy the Soviet Union. Of
light to start invading Europe.
The Soviet Union
thwarted the Anglo-French plan to use Germany as their weapon against
the Soviet Union by signing the Soviet-German Non-Aggression Pact,
which simply stated that Germany and the Soviet Union would not attack
each other, even though the Soviet Union had no illusions about
Hitler's plans to "Germanize" the East, which he had laid out for all
to see in his 1925 book, Mein Kampf.
Left to right:
Chamberlain, Daladier, Hitler, Mussolini, and Ciano at signing of
sellout Munich Agreement in 1938.
When Nazi Germany attacked the Soviet Union on June 22,
1941, the pact
was immediately voided and, as history shows, the preparations prior to
the invasion permitted the Soviet Union to play a major role, at
tremendous sacrifice, in ending the twisted Nazi dreams of world
Standard Anglo-American imperialist anti-communist propaganda is
to equate the Nazis, who are well-known as the biggest war criminals of
all time, with the Soviet Union, which played the major role in
defeating the Hitlerites and freeing the world of the scourge of
Nazism. After falsifying history in his speech, Trudeau added: "Today,
I join Canadians and our international partners to pay tribute to the
victims of Communism and Nazism in Europe. We stand with the survivors
and their descendants as they continue to cope with the trauma caused
by these cruel regimes."
Trudeau and his ilk deliberately use the word "totalitarianism" to
falsely equate Nazism with communism, while waging their own wars of
aggression against sovereign countries in the name of a market economy,
"humanitarian intervention" and a multi-party "democracy" where voters
are forced to choose which party of the rich will implement the agenda
of the monopolies.
Again, falsely equating the Soviet Union with Nazi Germany,
Trudeau stated: "Many of those who escaped the Soviet and Nazi
regimes found a welcoming home in Canada to start their lives anew.
These refugees and their descendants have made remarkable contributions
to our country, helping to shape our Canadian identity and build the
strong, diverse, and prosperous Canada we know today." Trudeau failed
to mention that the government of Canada, like the U.S.
government and others, actively worked to bring known Nazi war
criminals and collaborators to Canada, including 2,000 members of the
Galician Division of the Waffen SS.
Trudeau ended his mention of refugees with the usual platitudes: "It is
with their stories in mind that we will continue to
promote and protect human rights, freedom, and democracy." This is of
course a ludicrous statement from a government that just sold $15
billion worth of weapons to Saudi Arabia, one of the world's biggest
violators of human rights. Or, from another perspective, what would
Canada's Indigenous peoples, Métis and Inuit people have to say
Liberals' claim of their commitment to "human rights, freedom and
Each August 23 since 2009, Trudeau and his predecessor Harper have
meetings and made official statements and speeches to mark Black Ribbon
Day on behalf of the most reactionary dregs of society who link human
rights to the rehabilitation of Hitlerite crimes against humanity, all
in the name of high ideals. They deliberately promote the view that the
Hitlerite Nazis and their collaborators who slaughtered the peoples of
Europe, Britain, and the Soviet Union were heroes and the anti-fascist
forces who fought them to the death, especially the communists, should
be erased from the historical record.
Trudeau's August 23, 2018 speech demonstrated once again how the ruling
circles of Canada and other countries define human rights and
humanitarianism on a Cold War anti-communist basis to cover up their
crisis of governance today and their inability to resolve a single
problem facing their societies at this time. They are spending millions
of dollars to launch campaigns to instill anti-communism in the minds
of the people in order to sabotage the workers' movement, the movement
in defence of immigrants and refugees, the movement in defence of the
hereditary rights of Indigenous peoples and the anti-war movement, and
them into an abyss.
Trudeau has also taken up Harper's pet project, a publicly funded
monument officially called "A Memorial to Victims of Totalitarian
Communism -- Canada, a Land of Refuge." The project is based on and
linked to the U.S. Victims of Communism Memorial,
dedicated in 2007, whose honourary chairman is war criminal George W.
Bush and whose benefactors include monopolies such as defence
contractor Lockheed Martin and the Amway Corporation owned
by the dominionist DeVos family. In Canada, the project was given the
2009 behind closed doors by the federal government's National Capital
Commission (NCC), which oversees the use and development of National
Capital Region land.
Garden of the
Provinces approved by NCC as site for proposed anti-communist monument.
The monument began as a private project initiated by
Tribute to Liberty, an anti-communist organization led by
various individuals with very shady pasts. Tribute to Liberty's private
monument project was made a public project by Harper and a number of
his cabinet ministers and MPs, including Jason Kenney. NDP MP Alex
Atamanenko and Green Party leader Elizabeth May have also shown their
true colours by signing the list of project supporters and promoting
Tribute to Liberty at first crowed that the anti-communist monument
would raise money
from the "public." When this failed miserably due to lack of public
support, the Harper dictatorship stepped in to save the doomed project
by donating $1.5 million in public funds. A Tribute to Liberty
at the time that the anti-communist monument project was unable to
raise funds from the people of Canada because, "It's a difficult
project for a lot of the public to understand."
An alternative explanation is that the working class and people of
Canada understand the project very well and strongly oppose its
virulent anti-communist, pro-Nazi content. Many people still remember
the major role played by the Soviet Union in defeating the Hitlerite
Nazis. Many workers are aware of the key role played by the communists
in helping build Canada's trade unions to defend the interests of the
workers. Further, the people of Canada include the freedom-loving
peoples who have fought U.S. crimes in Korea, Vietnam, the Congo,
Indonesia, Greece, Iran, Cuba, Guatemala, Chile, Argentina, Grenada,
Colombia, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Afghanistan, Iraq, Palestine and
Yugoslavia and, most recently, Libya and Syria, to name only a few.
The people of Canada support real freedom and democracy and not
the phony abstractions of Trudeau and Harper. They are much more likely
to support a monument commemorating the real victims of the world, that
is, the countless millions of victims of imperialism who have been
slaughtered in the false name of opposing communism and "terrorism,"
including all of those who were killed opposing the very Nazis whom
Harper and now Trudeau continue to glorify.
Latin America and the Caribbean
Hands Off Venezuela!
Venezuelan people fill the streets of Caracas, August 6, 2018, in
support of President Maduro and the Bolivarian Republic, two days after
the assassination attempt against him.
The Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist)
the continuing campaign of violence and terror perpetrated by the
U.S. imperialists and their proxies within Venezuela to overthrow
the democratically-elected government in that country. For the
last 20 years the government, first under the legendary Commander
Hugo Chávez and now under the guidance of President
Maduro, has defended the sovereignty and independence of
Venezuela and implemented many pro-social initiatives by ensuring
that the country's resources are directed to meeting the basic
needs of the people. This has been achieved against all odds,
including the August 4 assassination attempt against President
Maduro and other officials of the Venezuelan government and armed
forces during the 81st anniversary celebrations of the Bolivarian
President Maduro, who was
delivering a speech, and other leaders as well as members of the
country's diplomatic corps were on a reviewing stand overlooking a
large military parade when the attack occurred. Seven soldiers were
injured in the failed assassination attempt.
Two drones -- more commonly used to carry cinematic
cameras -- loaded with C-4 plastic explosives, were used in the attack.
of the drones, reported to have been thrown off course by
electronic signal blocking put in place by the military as a
security measure during the event, exploded in mid-air just in
front of the reviewing stand. The second crashed into an
apartment building two blocks away, not far from where it was
being controlled, and caused a fire.
Shortly after the attack Venezuelan security forces
to capture six individuals found in possession of incriminating
evidence. Those arrests led to some confessions and the
uncovering of other material evidence about those allegedly
involved in the planning and financing of the terrorist act.
Among those subsequently arrested were two high-ranking military
officers and an opposition member with a seat in the National
Assembly. Venezuelan authorities have announced that a total of
34 people are implicated. Many of those still being sought are
reported to be either in Colombia or the U.S. and Venezuela has asked
for their extradition. There are reports that organizers of the
assassination attempt were promised U.S.$50 million and asylum
in the U.S.
After the assassination attempt, Venezuelans filled the
streets of their towns and cities in a show of solidarity with
President Maduro. Governments, political parties and
personalities from around the world issued statements denouncing
the assassination attempt. The Canadian government brought shame on
The Canadian government has
played a criminal role in
attempting to undermine the Venezuelan people and their
Bolivarian Revolution by supporting the counter-revolutionaries
and playing a leading role in the so-called Lima Group of
countries organized by the U.S. to isolate Venezuela and destroy
its economy. This cabal's stated aim is to achieve regime change
in Venezuela under the pretext of defending human rights
and democracy, but in fact it is to impose a neo-liberal
regime that would destroy the achievements of the
Bolivarian Revolution, allowing imperialism to once again seize
control of the country's vast resources and enslave the
CPC(M-L) calls on Canadians to stand firm in defending
Venezuelan people and their Bolivarian government at this
critical time and to resolutely oppose the Government of Canada's
support of the U.S.-instigated campaign of terror and violence
against the Venezuelan people.
Hands Off Venezuela!
Dismantle the Lima Group!
Unity Between the Venezuelan and
August 6, 2018
August 9, 2018
August 13, 2018
24th São Paulo Forum Held in Havana
The 24th meeting of the São Paulo Forum was held
15-17 at the National Convention Centre in Havana, Cuba. The
Forum was created in 1990 when left and progressive parties from
Latin America and the Caribbean came together in Brazil to
discuss the new international scenario after the collapse of the
Soviet Union and the consequences of the neo-liberal policies that
a majority of the region's governments had been pushed to adopt.
Fidel Castro and former Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da
Silva played a decisive role in its development. It is currently
composed of more than a hundred Latin American and Caribbean
political parties and organizations.
This year's meeting, which
had as its theme Latin American and Caribbean Unity and Integration,
was dedicated to Fidel and Lula. There was a record 625 delegates and
guests from 51 countries, representing 168 organizations, including
more than 60 parliamentarians and over 120 representatives of social
movements. The Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) has
attended most meetings of the Forum since its inception and sent a
delegation to this year's proceedings as well.
Several current and former heads of state and government
political leaders from different parts of the world spoke at
plenary sessions during the three-day gathering, showing that the
Havana meeting represented an important converging point for
progressive forces in the region. These included Miguel
Díaz-Canel, President of the Councils of State and of Ministers
of Cuba; Raúl Castro, First Secretary of the Central Committee
the Communist Party of Cuba as well as other leading members of
the Communist Party of Cuba which was the host organization;
Ralph Gonsalves, Prime Minister of St. Vincent and the
Grenadines; Nicolás Maduro, President of the Bolivarian Republic
of Venezuela; Evo Morales, President of the Plurinational State
of Bolivia and Salvador Sánchez Cerén, President of El
Former presidents and prime minister: (left to right) Dilma Rousseff
of Brazil, Joaquim Chissano
of Mozambique, and Kenny Anthony of Saint
Former presidents and prime ministers who participated
included Dilma Rousseff of Brazil, Manuel Zelaya of Honduras,
Kenny Anthony of Saint Lucia, Denzil Douglas of St. Christopher
and Neves, Martín Torrijos of Panama, and Joaquim
In addition to daily plenary sessions, delegates and
were able to participate in meetings of women, youth and
parliamentarians and a dialogue with social movements, as well as
workshops on topics such as art and culture, political
communication and the media.
Central themes addressed in most parts of the program
- the need to defend and give life to the Declaration
Latin America and the Caribbean as a Zone of Peace signed in 2014
by the governments of all the countries in the region organized
in the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States
- that the U.S. must not be permitted to succeed in
destabilizing the region, whether through the provocations of the
Organization of American States and its Lima Group, parliamentary,
judicial and media coups and organized violence
aimed at destabilizing and overthrowing governments that refuse
to come under its baton, or by destroying regional integration
projects such as CELAC;
- the rejection of the notion pushed by the U.S.
their local allies that the progressive cycle in the region has
come to an end, in the same way that the "end of history" thesis
was rejected when it was put forward after the fall of the
Soviet Union; and
- the need for the people's forces to respond to this
counter-revolutionary plan with a plan of their own based on
building the broadest possible unity in action against
imperialism -- inside the region and beyond.
The final day
featured a special plenary dedicated to The Thought of Fidel
Castro, at which Cuban political leaders and other invited
dignitaries spoke about what Fidel represented to them and the
peoples of their countries as well as his immense contribution to
the cause of humanity.
Special plenary July 17, 2018 was dedicated to the Thought of Fidel
Cuban President Miguel Díaz-Canel
In addressing himself to Fidel's legacy and its
for dealing with the challenges the São Paulo Forum and others
are facing today, President Miguel Díaz-Canel reminded
participants that Fidel warned us that a true revolution has to be
of confronting, with its own forces, the powerful dominating forces
both within and outside of its social and national domains. For
Fidel, he said, this would be impossible without the
active, organized and conscious participation of the people,
given his firm conviction that a project would only endure if the
people defended it and appreciated it as their own. "We firmly
believe this to be the case," he said, "otherwise, we would not
In practical terms, Díaz-Canel said that
fight to concretize a plan of action put together by
all and achievable, based on the unity and integration of the
political forces and social movements of the region, would be the
best homage to Fidel.
São Paulo Forum Action Plan for 2018-19
Activities the São Paulo Forum plans to undertake
- launching campaigns for
the immediate release of Lula and against the political persecution of
popular leaders in Latin America and the Caribbean;
- actions to defend Latin
America and the Caribbean as a zone of peace, including participating,
with the Party of the European Left, in the São Paulo Forum's
Observation Mission to Colombia to follow up on the implementation of
Agreement and the building of peace in Colombia;
- strengthening and expanding the Forum's training
- encouraging unions and peasants and farmers'
organizations to hold
events in their countries to denounce the increase in the
working conditions and the lowering of living conditions through
outsourcing and other means;
- strengthening communications among member parties;
- paying attention to elections being held around the
- engaging in joint actions with the Party of the
- deepening the study of
free trade agreements between the European
Union (EU) and MERCOSUR and with different Latin American countries for
the conditions they seek to impose on our peoples;
- campaigning to oppose the EU's sanctions against
Cuba, and EU interference in the internal affairs of Latin American and
Caribbean countries to destabilize them;
- combating big media's information war that distorts
- sending joint teams of observers to countries in the
electoral fraud could occur;
- strictly monitoring the peace processes in Colombia
- waging a common campaign in defence of peace and
peoples, starting with putting into practice the Declaration of
Latin America and the Caribbean as a Zone of Peace.
U.S. Plans for Using Facebook to Disseminate Propaganda
Prensa Latina reports on a recent article
published in the Miami New Times that reveals U.S. plans to use
Facebook to spread propaganda and foment dissent
clandestinely in Cuba.
Citing existing documents on the subject, the August 22
digital version of the Miami
weekly pointed out that at the centre of
the plans is the U.S. Office of Cuba Broadcasting (OCB), a
government agency currently headed by the former mayor of Miami,
Tomás Regalado, which operates Radio Martí, TV
Martí and Martí
According to the Miami
Times, the aims are detailed in budget
documents for fiscal years 2018 and 2019 of the U.S. Broadcasting
Board of Governors.
Prensa Latina notes that at a time when there
big stir in the U.S. over alleged Russian interference in the
2016 elections, the documents indicate that the agency has plans
to use Cuban "native" and "non-branded" Facebook accounts to
disseminate content created by the U.S. government without
informing Cuban Facebook users.
The Miami New Times article indicates that the
shift to social media was based on metrics that place YouTube,
Google and Facebook among the most visited sites in Cuba, and
that with the use of audio and video for radio (AVRA) technology,
Radio Martí programs began to be transmitted through Facebook
Live along with the TV Martí programming.
Prensa Latina links the OCB's focus on a social
offensive with the effectiveness of Cuban authorities in blocking
the signals of Radio and TV Martí, which Cuba has denounced for
violating international norms pertaining to the use of the airwaves.
According to the Miami New Times, in fiscal
planned to establish teams of people inside Cuba to create native
and non-branded Facebook accounts to spread propaganda as domestic
pages would increase the chance of appearing in the
newsfeed of Cuban Facebook users. The same strategy was to be
replicated in other preferred social networks.
It reported, "The documents don't explain what the feds
by 'non-branded' or 'native' Facebook pages. But it's clear they
would be meant to look like the pages of regular social media
users in order to evade censors and persuade Cubans to read
propaganda," emphasizing that the idea was to deceive Cubans into
believing the information came from fellow Cubans and not
If Facebook's propaganda plan really took off, "it
into a long history of trying to use modern technology to
shoehorn propaganda into Cuba," University of Pennsylvania
professor John S. Nichols told the Miami New Times.
"There are certainly red flags here," said Nichols,
co-author of the 1987 book Clandestine Radio Broadcasting.
"It's the most recent of a very long line of efforts by Radio
and TV Martí and its predecessors to try to overcome the laws of
physics... Every time they fail in getting their message into
Cuba, they say there has got to be a technological solution," he said.
Instead, he said, Congress "just can't seem to
the stations are a colossal failure. It's sad because they're
spending taxpayer money. But what it really wastes is our
credibility as a great nation by doing these silly, stupid
Social Media: The Ideological Apparatus in Dispute
- Gilberto Ríos Munguía -
TML Weekly is publishing below an article regarding
the role of mass media in Honduras that assisted the 2009 coup against
democratically elected President Manuel Zelaya and similar phenomena
throughout the region now taking place via social media. The author,
Gilberto Ríos Munguía, is a director of the Liberty and
Refoundation (Libre) Party and social media activist in Honduras. The
article was originally published in El Pulso, August 25, 2018.
It is important to begin by clarifying that the concept
an "Ideological Apparatus" refers to all the mechanisms used to
control the thinking of the masses and dates back hundreds of
years. The following reflection is merely an adaptation of these
ideas to the new information and communication technologies from
an amateur perspective, but emphasizing the need for a more
effective "militancy" in the use of these alternative media.
My participation in an event in São Paulo,
months following the coup d'état comes to mind. A national
congress of a left-wing political party was being held and they
had invited us specifically to denounce what was taking place in
Honduras. At one point during my intervention I mentioned the
mainstream media's concentration in a few hands -- a few families
-- in my country, when someone came up behind me to whisper in my
ear: "It's the same here."
In reviewing what we call the Oligarchic Model, that
new stage of the concentration of capital in a few hands -- which
is a sharpened form of the capital/labour contradiction -- we
find that throughout our continent not only are the means of
production in a few hands, the mass media are in those same hands
and obviously reproduce the ideas that are necessary for them to
maintain the regime of exploitation, corruption and violence that
generates so much profit for them.
Another important detail of this oligopolistic model of
communication is its synchronization with the agendas of the
international media that are, in turn, representatives of big
transnational capital. We see it in the television news, written
press, radio programs and social media in the hands of the
corporate media, which repeat editorial positions on the
international situation, obviously always favouring the interests
of those same sectors.
The Microphone, the Classroom and the Pulpit
The same thing occurs in formal education and in the
churches, an important part of the Apparatus in question
dedicated to numbing the consciousness of the students and their
worshippers, respectively, with honourable exceptions of course.
The discourse is repeated until a consensus of right ideas is
achieved on the concrete reality the population is experiencing.
Incidentally, Marx called this the "metamorphosed consciousness"
of reality, that is, the incredible phenomenon of living a
reality but interpreting it from a point of view that suits the
enemy. For example, in the case at hand it is to see the crisis
positively and to blame the opposition for its negative effects.
It is precisely the duty of the political opposition
then to dismantle the conservative thinking pattern useful to the
oligarchy by interpreting reality with a different, eminently
liberating, consciousness and managing to spread those ideas by all
possible means. This new awareness of reality can be
generated by specialists on specific topics who manage to unravel
that fictitious web, but it is also discovered, created or
recreated through discussion and collective thought, for which
popular organization is essential.
This is where "militancy" also becomes necessary in the
alternative media, undoubtedly a very sensitive subject in Honduras, a
country in which from 2009 -- right after the military coup -- to date,
more than 70 journalists, social communicators and media workers have
been murdered, showing the oligarchy's need to maintain tight control
Fortunately, in our country there have been truly
efforts to maintain alternative and independent voices that have
fought against their marginalization by the ruling party and corporate
advertising guidelines, as well as against death
threats, shutting down of the media and various other forms of
persecution and intimidation. This type of journalism has
maintained a captive market of readers seeking truth, a critical
perspective and an unofficial interpretation of political and
The same thing is happening now in social media, also
the Fifth Power, because of its closeness to the thinking of the
huge majorities that have managed to win important battles
against the media hegemony of the elites. This participation
takes on vital importance because of the crisis of governability
the regime is going through in Honduras, and the evident
deterioration of the capitalist system and its neo-liberal
Constant denunciation by social media users, on top of
the systematic denunciation and organized participation of the
"militancy" could signify in these networks, would contribute to a
great advance being made in the people's consciousness of their
true executioners and enemies. That was the motivation for this
reflection, in the sense of taking another look at our phones,
personal computers, online connections and social media accounts,
to see them as powerful weapons of a new Popular Ideological
Apparatus that must be used as one more tool for our liberation.
The intent is not to assign credentials to social media that are
unwarranted. I wish to make clear: in social media we inform
ourselves and we complain; in neighbourhoods, study centres and
workplaces we organize ourselves; and in the streets, we
The Legal War Against Democracy
- Enrique Santiago Romero -
Lula da Silva, former Brazilian President and candidate in the 2018
imprisoned on spurious corruption charges, speaks to a rally
in Sao Paulo, January 24, 2018.
On September 1, 2016 the Brazilian Senate removed Dilma
Rousseff from the presidency of the country in a "political
trial" in which she was convicted of allegedly manipulating the
Between November 2, 2017 and March 6, the
president Cristina Fernández de Kirchner received three
indictments, two for alleged crimes of corruption and one for
allegedly interfering in the investigation of the bombing of the
AMIA [Argentine-Israeli Mutual Association] in Buenos Aires in
On January 24, the Supreme Court of Brazil upheld
sentence against the former president of the country and current
best placed candidate in the polls for the upcoming presidential
election, Lula da Silva, who was sentenced to 12 years in prison
for corruption. In April he ended up in prison and
disqualified from being re-elected president. [Both are being
appealed by Lula -- TML Ed.
On April 9, the Colombian Prosecutor's Office executed
an arrest warrant for extradition to the U.S. against the elected
deputy of the FARC [People's Alternative Revolutionary Force] party,
who is also one of those responsible for the implementation of the
Peace Agreement, Jesús Santrich, purportedly for conspiring to
export cocaine to the U.S.A. Since that time he has been in prison,
banished from implementing the peace agreement and unable to assume his
seat in the Legislative Chamber despite there being no charges against
him in Colombia.
On July 3, an Ecuadorian court ordered the detention of
former President Rafael Correa and put out an international warrant for
his arrest. Previously, on December 14, 2017, Vice President
Jorge Glas was sentenced to six years in prison, accused of
corruption. And on June 17, Pablo Romero, who was a member
of Rafael Correa's government, was arrested in Madrid at
"The legitimacy conferred on the judicialization of
arises from the consensus that 'corruption' is the main problem
in Latin America." This premise, replete with formal reasoning,
was put forward by international financial institutions and
agencies of the U.S. government that promoted the Structural
Adjustment of the State in the 1990s. It has been used to attack
governments, political forces and left-wing leaders in Latin
America that oppose the neo-liberal adjustments dictated by the
IMF, with claims of "left populism" giving rise to a structural
problem of corruption, leaving out that corruption is inherent to
neo-liberalism and its adjustment and austerity policies.
"Lawfare," the "asymmetric legal warfare" that has
the National Security doctrine -- counterinsurgency war -- taught
at the Schools of the Americas, has been used against all those
who have successfully implemented alternatives to neo-liberal
policies. Now it is from law schools that the North is spreading
its strategy to get rid of left governments by politically
disabling those leaders who seek to rescue the national
sovereignty of their peoples.
"Lawfare" or legal warfare is an English word
to a grammatical contraction of the words "law" and "warfare," to
describe a form of asymmetric warfare. A "legal war" that is
deployed through the illegitimate use of domestic or
international law with the intention of damaging the opponent,
thus achieving victory on a battlefield of public political
relations, paralyzing the opponents politically and financially,
or immobilizing them judicially so they are unable to pursue
their objectives or present as candidates for public office. This
is how "lawfare" is described in the 2010 "Report of the meeting
in Cleveland of experts on September 11 and its
"Lawfare" is now on display in full force. Planning for
began years ago as the left in Latin America with majority
support set in motion more participatory and egalitarian
democratic systems. While this was occurring, neo-liberal forces
led by the U.S. "establishment" were designing the new strategy of
fighting and discrediting those political movements that were
garnering victories for the left.
Let us go back to October 16, 1998. The former Chilean
dictator Augusto Pinochet, accused of crimes against humanity,
was arrested in London by an order issued by Judge Garzón at the
request of groups of victims' defenders. The end of the "cold
war" led to the strategic disorientation of its victor, the
U.S.A. It was imperative to define a new enemy that would allow
it to maintain the military-industrial conglomerate base of the
capitalist system that had brought down the socialist countries.
That period of disorientation permitted the carrying out of
criminal proceedings in third countries. The "universal
jurisdiction" contemplated for years in national laws, but
impossible to apply during the "cold war," became a powerful
tool against authoritarian regimes responsible for crimes against
humanity, illicit conduct engaged in to suppress the peoples'
yearning for change.
There were years of expansion of "universal
The arrest of Pinochet was followed by judicial proceedings
initiated by groups of victims against members of the
Argentinian, Uruguayan, Colombian, Congolese, American and
Israeli militaries and politicians... responsible for massive
human rights violations.
The response of Western democracies was not to extend
universal jurisdiction, but to combat the open opportunity to
enforce international law and end impunity for international
crimes. The legal counter-reforms to "universal jurisdiction" in
Belgium in 2003 and Spain in the years 2009 (Spanish Socialist
Workers' Party) and 2014 (Partido Popular) are examples of this
retrogression, justified thusly:
"[...] Universal jurisdiction may be used for political
reasons or for humiliating purposes, and may adversely affect the
world order by causing unnecessary friction between States,
potential abuses of legal procedures and deprivation of
individual human rights" (IBC Revue
internationale de droit
Penal, 2008/1, Vol. 79).
Those who support the current world order learned
about the potential of "universal jurisdiction" -- easy
accessibility, low cost and high efficiency -- to use in their own
interest. They began to devise new strategies that would allow
them to maintain their power and ability to intervene when
necessary. Due to the counterproductive political effects of the
National Security doctrine -- torture, forced disappearances,
dictatorships, social protests ... -- since the end of the "cold war"
the United States has not used the installation of
authoritarian regimes as a first option if it is possible for
them to maintain control over a country by means more democratic
Legal intervention becomes an effective option where
a plan to achieve the desired end. The plan requires a tactic --
legal-political intervention to co-opt the judiciary and legal
practitioners; some resources -- schools and training programs
for judges and lawyers; and objectives -- to overthrow governments
that seek to rescue the national sovereignty of their peoples.
The strategy is to discredit the political forces leading those
and to disqualify electorally and destroy politically their top
The precedents for this legal-political strategy are
the so-called war against terrorism launched in 2001 after
9/11. The U.S. tried to create a new interpretation of the law
governing armed conflicts, attempting to make the huge difference
between domestic criminal law and international humanitarian law
gradually disappear. They tried to impose new legal categories
not provided for in domestic or international law, such as
"illegal enemy combatant" or their unilateral right to "monitor
and execute," which they use to justify the use of killer
Another step has been the massive judicialization of
based on the consensus concerning "corruption" applied in a
generalized way to the leaders of the Latin American alternative
left who have sought to guarantee national sovereignty against
Since the beginning of the 21st century, they have
investing resources in co-optation programs of the judicial
institutions of many countries, especially in Latin America. The
"Schools of the Americas" for the military have been replaced by
law schools and judicial training programs, both in the United
States -- where judges and legal practitioners go to receive
indoctrination -- and in the countries of South America -- where
through generous funding from the U.S. Agency for International
Development (USAID), judicial training schools have been created and
In Colombia, since the creation of the "Rodrigo Lara
training school for the judiciary, funded by USAID, the legal
system of a "continental" nature -- the rule of written law --
provided for in the Constitution, has been transitioned to a
system based on legal precedents -- U.S. "common law" -- which
lacks constitutional support. Now it is the justices of the
Constitutional Court who draft the laws through the
constitutional review process. In cases where they determine that
a law is not in conformity with the Constitution, they proceed to
re-write it, acting as a second and final legislative
In Latin America we are witnessing the gradual
of inquisitorial or mixed criminal systems by the accusatory
criminal system modelled on that of the United States, leading to
the disproportionate empowerment of the national prosecutor's
offices, that in practice operate on instructions, information
and "indictments" from the U.S. justice system.
The plan devised for the expansion of "lawfare" has
achieve its objectives. Dilma Rousseff, Fernando Lugo, Cristina
Kirchner, Lula, Jesús Santrich, Rafael Correa ... all of them
have been the object of this political-legal strategy that is
immobilizing them politically in this new legal war. The
objective is to discredit them and their political forces by
equating them with common criminals and to disqualify them
The judiciary that permitted Latin America to be one of
continents with the most institutional corruption -- in many cases
benefiting from it -- and that was never capable of combatting it,
has now become a weapon of direct intervention in internal
political affairs, in the service of the interests of foreign and
local oligarchies and conservative forces.
Legal warfare represents a big setback in the processes
institutional strengthening of Latin American countries. The
judiciary should stay out of political fights to avoid repeating
the institutional breakdowns of other times that caused it to
experience serious crises of legitimacy and popular disaffection.
This interference in political affairs implies the nullification
of the judiciary's independence due to its conscious
politicization, and it results irremediably in the disappearance
of the separation of powers that sustains the Rule of Law.
Lawfare has become one of the greatest dangers to democracy
throughout the world and especially in Latin America.
24th São Paulo Forum
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