100th Anniversary of the Establishment of the
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)

A Great Victory for Socialist Revolution and Socialist Construction

Signing of the Declaration and Treaty on the Creation of the Soviet Union at the
First Congress of Soviets of the USSR.

Today we celebrate the 100th anniversary of the establishment of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). It was a great victory for socialist revolution and socialist construction. To this day, the example set of the state constituted on the revolutionary basis heralds the birth of the New.

The name of the Soviet Union, its birth and development, have always been connected with the names of V.I. Lenin and J.V. Stalin. The Great October Revolution, which took place in 1917 under the leadership of V.I. Lenin, created the conditions for the development of Soviet power, and soon afterwards the Soviet Union came into being. Socialism was constructed in the Soviet Union and, besides other things, the country was industrialized with unprecedented speed. Revolution unleashed the productive forces which were either lying dormant, chained hand-and-foot under the feudal rule of the tsars, or were being squandered.

The Great October Revolution shook the old world and with the creation of the Soviet Union, a new world came into being. This is so despite the setbacks suffered when, after the death of J.V. Stalin, subsequent regimes failed to sort out the problems of socialist construction. Instead of socialist revolution and socialist construction, they systematically restored capitalism. The Soviet Union became a social-imperialist superpower which colluded and contended with U.S. imperialism for world hegemony, even though it concealed its imperialism under the slogans of socialism and proletarian internationalism.

On December 25, 1991, the tsarist flag minus the tsarist crown was again raised over the Kremlin, more than 70 years after it had been brought down. Nearly all of the main imperialist countries applauded this development, calling it a victory for freedom and democracy. They also hailed it as a great advance against totalitarianism, and said that a new world with no "Cold War" has been created.

Thus, the raising of the tsarist flag over the Kremlin marked the end of pseudo-socialism, just as the coming to power of Nikita Khrushchev in 1958 spelled the end of socialist revolution and construction. It signalled the victory of capitalism and imperialism over the cause of revolution and socialism.

Far from signalling the defeat of socialism, it raised once again the necessity for socialism which is an historical inevitability.

The USSR gave humanity such concepts as freedom from exploiters, universal and free education and health care, friendship and and the brotherhood of nations. Socialism proved its vitality in the face of the intervention of 14 states that tried without success to smash Soviet Russia following the victory of the Great October Revolution, and proved it again some two decades later in the fight against Nazi-fascism and Japanese militarism. The USSR made a colossal leap forward in the industrialization of the country and the development of agriculture, social progress and the rights of its citizens as well as development of arts and culture and in the fields of science and technology, including the first flight into space. It also provided invaluable support to the national liberation struggles against the former colonial powers.

On this 100th anniversary of the creation of the Soviet Union, the Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) hails the Great October Socialist Revolution and the Soviet power which the USSR constituted. They became events of such colossal historic significance that to date passions flare either in their favour or against them. Despite all efforts of the imperialists to denigrate and eradicate these achievements, they cannot be denied.

This article was published in
Volume 52 Number 64 - December 30, 2022

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