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March 25, 2014 - No. 32

For a Sovereign Quebec Which Defends the Rights of All!

There Is an Alternative to the Anti-Social,
Neo-Liberal Offensive!

For a Sovereign Quebec Which Defends the Rights of All!
There Is an Alternative to the Anti-Social, Neo-Liberal Offensive! - Pierre Chénier
Sovereignty Without Borders -- What's That? - Claude Brunelle
Quebec Sovereignty and the CAQ Leader's Woes - Gabriel Girard-Bernier

For Your Information
Program of the Marxist-Leninist Party of Quebec
Candidates of the Marxist-Leninist Party of Quebec
Position of Marxist-Leninist Party of Quebec on Urgency to Declare a Free and Sovereign State of Quebec

For a Sovereign Quebec Which Defends the Rights of All!

There Is an Alternative to the Anti-Social,
Neo-Liberal Offensive!

On March 5, Quebec Premier Pauline Marois, called a general election for April 7. She asked the electorate to give her the mandate to implement what she called her plan to make Quebeckers prosperous and masters in their own house by electing a majority Parti Québécois government. Marois said that if reelected, a PQ government will table a white paper on the future of Quebec and call on all Quebeckers to "together, as a nation, take the time to reflect on our political future."

The election was called after the minority government tabled a 2014-2015 budget which contained further cuts to program spending in order to eliminate the deficit by 2015. The opposition parties had indicated their intention to vote against the budget because of differences about the ways and speed with which cuts should be made. The Liberal Party of Quebec and the Coalition Avenir Québec (CAQ) have again joined their voices to call for the defeat of a government that would make sovereignty the issue. The Liberals gave the call to "take care of the real issues" and the CAQ says that sovereignty should not be on the agenda until "we get our house in order," meaning through cutbacks to civil servants and government services.

Already the disinformation is reaching a fever pitch with the media repeating the Liberals' hysteria about "separatism" and "sneaky agendas" to forcefully keep the lid on any discussion about the constitutional future of Quebec or the affirmation of the right of the people of Quebec to determine their future. Working people of Quebec want to put the issue on the agenda so as to take the discussion into their own hands and out of the hands of the cartel party system with its division of the polity into "separatists" and "federalists" that keeps usurping their right to decide.

The Marxist-Leninist Party of Quebec (PMLQ) opposes the notion that before addressing the issue of the future of Quebec, it is necessary to first "put the house in order" financially or agree on a set of social policies a sovereign Quebec should have or, from the other side, that the problems facing the polity can be addressed by creating an institution to fight fundamentalism, as if that is the problem facing the Quebec polity. To pose the question of what problems need addressing in Quebec in this manner reflects the deepest crisis which has been created by the refusal to address the constitutional crisis in such a way as to vest sovereignty in the people. If the people do not have control over their state, they will not be able to put their house in order financially or maintain progressive social policies in the face of the anti-social neo-liberal offensive worldwide to put all the resources of the nation at the disposal of global monopoly interests. At the same time, as history has shown, it will not be possible to lead the people of Quebec in deciding their future if the workers do not take up the task themselves and provide it with their forward-looking, pro-social perspective.

In this election, the PMLQ is calling on the workers to take the initiative to unite the people in the fight for a sovereign Quebec that defends the rights of all. The workers cannot afford to be a captive audience of the monopoly media spectacle where everything is reduced to voting for one party or another when they support neither and think the calling of an election only 18 months into the PQ's mandate is wasteful. It is also out of the question that they conciliate with the anti-social offensive and the neo-liberal vision of society under the pretext that there is no alternative to paying the rich and wrecking social programs. It should be clearly understood that the PMLQ will work in this election to make sure no government has a majority and that the Liberals are not returned to power. Most importantly, the PMLQ calls on the workers to occupy the space for change themselves with their independent politics, by stepping up the struggle for a sovereign Quebec and a government that defends the rights of all.

The main program of the PMLQ is to ensure that the working people have a voice during and after the election. Who decides the direction of the economy, social and cultural policy and everything related to public institutions is of an importance that cannot be overstated. All the major issues affecting the future of Quebec are on the table, including the necessary renewal of the economy and its different sectors and of the democratic institutions. This modern Quebec must be defined by the workers and people, with their own thinking and action.

The PMLQ views the election as an occasion to advance the work to politicize the people to build a modern Quebec that defends the rights of all. It is calling on everyone to join together to create Commissions on the Future of Quebec and in this way empower the people!

Pierre Chénier is the Leader of the Marxist-Leninist Party of Quebec.

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Sovereignty Without Borders -- What's That?

We hear these days talk of sovereignty without borders or political sovereignty in a borderless economy. As a people fighting for sovereignty based on the affirmation of the right to self-determination in the context of the struggle for an independent Republic of Quebec since the nineteenth century, this notion is difficult to comprehend. However, let us see what this could mean for the neo-liberal world.

Today, large monopolies, overseen by a consortia whose financial capital is international and has virtually no boundaries, control a significant part of all the energy and mineral resources of the planet, such as energy and hydrocarbons. They are tightening their control in all other areas as well, including water, hospital services and equipment, high technology, food and pharmaceutical industries.

These major international financial interests have appropriated the surface soils and subsoils for their private interests while all living things on Mother Earth depend on her resources for their development and survival. This privatization of the people's natural resources includes the monopolization of public institutions, public funds and the social wealth, to be used strictly for private interests. In practice, this means the use of the state apparatus in the service of private interests and the imposition of monopoly right at the expense of the rights of human beings and their societies.

Canada is among the countries where this monopolization of public institutions by private interests occurs. There is fierce competition for resources but also for the state apparatus, public funds, decision-making bodies of civil society, and, of course, the military, police and judicial system.

Is this what we want for Quebec that is striving to become an equal member of the international community of sovereign nations? The reality is that the world today is witnessing a clash between those who are for and those who are against the creation of societies where the public interest must prevail and nation-states where it is the human factor/social consciousness which is at the centre, not the destruction of the public authority according to neo-liberal prescriptions. In this sense, the battle for control of the human and natural resources appears as one of the greatest and most brutal battles of the early twenty-first century. Either the big monopolies impose their domination through international blackmail, war, and the economic and social destruction of peoples for private interests, or the people establish authority over the social and natural environment. It is a question of war and peace, and destruction and submission, versus harmonious development and prosperity for all humankind.

One thing is certain: it is the working class that must constitute the nation. The working class is the one in whose interest it is to see that our resources be used to benefit our people and other peoples, and not the destructive private interests. Today, elections are used to select the champion of private interests, the one that will give them decision-making power and state power to ensure that our resources are available to them in their rivalry on the international market. In this election, we must ensure that any party that would be such a champion of private interests is denied a majority.

Claude Brunelle is the PMLQ Candidate in Bourget.

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Quebec Sovereignty and the CAQ Leader's Woes

Coalition Avenir Québec (CAQ) leader François Legault, whose party's campaign seems to be on an express train to Hell, modestly describes his situation as the "fight of his life," adding that he would vote no in a referendum on Quebec sovereignty. He explained that to hold a referendum "one must have the upper hand." He then concluded, in a moment of clarity, that he is not "federalist" and that both options "are worthy."

With such opportunism, one would be tempted to see here nothing but an attempt to salvage his party which is in free fall in the polls. The elite seems to have discarded Legault as an option to lead the restructuring of the state. Indeed, both the PQ and Liberals openly say they want to capture the CAQ electorate, which is decisive in the election's outcome as either a majority or minority government. All these manoeuvres would be laughable if they were not an attack against the working class and people.

How is it possible to have the "the upper hand" to assert the sovereignty of the Quebec nation by refusing to discuss the future of Quebec? This is nonsense. The sovereignty of the nation of Quebec is an opportunity for the working class and the people to put on the agenda the renewal of the so-called democratic institutions to vest sovereign power in the people.

Until now, the question of the future of Quebec has not dawned on any of the parties of the rich since the election was called, putting them on the defensive. The PQ would prefer not to talk about it, the Liberals are still encumbered with the historical weight of this issue and the CAQ is utterly confused. For workers, women, youth and national minorities, the discussion on the future of Quebec carries the hope to affirm all the individual and collective rights, creating new modern institutions and to unite the people. That is why Quebec sovereignty will be gained with the working class at its head, but without Legault.

Gabriel Girard-Bernier is the PMLQ Candidate in Hull.

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For Your Information

Program of the Marxist-Leninist Party of Quebec

The program that the Marxist-Leninist Party of Quebec (PMLQ) is putting forward in this election is for the creation of a sovereign Quebec that defends the rights of all. This is the opposite of the concept of a borderless Quebec where the people's decision-making power has been usurped to serve private interests in intermonopoly competition. We encourage all citizens and residents of Quebec to take up the issue of sovereignty to ensure that Quebec and its resources belong to the people. In the PMLQ's opinion, taking up this program favours the resolution of the current problems in a manner that serves the people's interests.

For a New Direction for the Economy

A new direction for the economy must:

♦ Reverse the current neo-liberal direction of the economy in which all natural and human resources are oriented toward the needs of monopolies;

♦ Take a pro-social direction so that resources serve the well-being and flourishing of the people, and are under the responsibility of a public authority, not in the service of private interests which usurp public authority to enrich themselves;

♦ Stop paying the rich and end secret deals with monopolies;

♦ Increase investment in social programs -- education and health care must be free and under public control to meet the needs of the people;

♦ Ensure the well-being of the elderly and guarantee security and dignity in retirement;

♦ Ensure development in all regions so that the people who live there are able to guarantee their future;

♦ Ensure that the development of natural resources contributes to the national wealth, not just the needs of monopolies.

For the Renewal of the Political Process

The PMLQ considers that the best program is one that politicizes the people, encourages individuals and groups to express their views on all issues and assists them to build their organizations, to mobilize as a social and political force those who refuse to be divided according to political parties or interests that are not their own.

The renewal of the political process must ensure a government that represents the people directly. This includes reform of the electoral law and how the process is funded:

♦ Guaranteeing the right to an informed vote, the right to elect and be elected, the right to initiate legislation, and the right to recall elected representatives;

♦ Using public funds to finance the electoral process and not political parties.

For a Modern Constitution

A new constitution must:

♦ Vest sovereignty in the people;

♦ Enshrine the rights of all citizens regardless of national origin, language, religion, race, gender, ability or wealth; enshrine the hereditary rights of First Nations and minority rights, particularly equality for all languages and all cultures. This is also a condition for the development of the French language, which would be the official language in the workplace, government and the courts;

♦ Guarantee the rights that belong to all by virtue of their being human. The constitution must hold society and governments responsible for providing the highest possible quality of life at all levels. It must guarantee the recognition of everyone's claims on the society by virtue of their being human, as well as the demands of their collectives, as in the case of women, youth, workers and the many other collectives in the society;

♦ Establish relationships with other countries on the basis of equality and mutual benefit, and the recognition that all countries, big and small, have the right to sovereignty and freedom from interference in their internal affairs;

♦ Refuse any participation in economic and military blocs established to serve the aggressive agendas of foreign powers;

♦ Oppose the use of force in the resolution of conflicts and demand compliance with the principles on which the United Nations was founded.

For an Independent and Sovereign State of Quebec

♦ Nation-building belongs to Quebeckers regardless of national origin, age, ability, language or religion.

♦ If Quebec decides to declare an independent state, it is within its right to do so. It is a nation and has the right to self-determination.

♦ An independent state must enshrine the rights of citizens on an equal basis.

♦ In the struggle to establish Quebec's identity, all Quebeckers, including national minorities, will create the new Quebec nation.

♦ The state will oppose any criminalization of collectives.

Commissions on the Future of Quebec

The economic, social, political and cultural organization of a modern Quebec must guarantee the rights of all.

To do so, the PMLQ calls on the workers, youth, students and all others to form their own commissions on the future of Quebec to provide the means to calmly shape their own vision of Quebec, which recognizes as the starting point the demands they are entitled to claim as collectives and as individuals who depend on the society for their well-being.

(Translated from original French by TML. Authorized by Christian Legeais, official agent for the Marxist-Leninist Party of Quebec)

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Candidates of the Marxist-Leninist Party of Quebec

The Marxist-Leninist Party of Quebec (PMLQ) is presenting 24 candidates in the April 7 Quebec elections in the following regions: the National Capital, Mauricie, Montérégie, Montréal and the Outaouais.

National Capital

Normand Fournier

Claude Moreau

Jean-Paul Bédard


Linda Sullivan

Normand Chouinard
La Prairie

Pierre Chénier

Hélène Héroux


Yvon Breton

Claude Brunelle

Christine Dandenault
Garnet Colly

Peter Macrisopoulos

Yves Le Seigle

Diane Johnston

Rachel Hoffman

Geneviève Royer

Stéphane Chénier

Fernand Deschamps


Serge Lachapelle

Eileen Studd


    Pierre Soublière




Louis Lang

(Authorized by Christian Legeais, official agent for the Marxist-Leninist Party of Quebec)

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Position of Marxist-Leninist Party of Quebec
on Urgency to Declare a Free and
Sovereign State of Quebec

The Marxist-Leninist Party of Quebec (PMLQ) was founded in 1989 with more than 1,000 members under the law governing political parties. This happened at a very important moment in the political life of Quebec, in the midst of the debate on the Meech Lake Accord that took up Robert Bourassa's proposal for renewed federalism.

The PMLQ, like many of the sovereigntist forces, had campaigned against the Meech Lake Accord because it reduced the Quebec nation to a "distinct society" and therefore did not recognize Quebec's right to self-determination. Following the failure of the Accord we wrote:

"Our Party is of the opinion that with the failure of Meech Lake, it can now be said with certainty that the solution to the problems confronting the people of Quebec can no longer be sought within the confines of a constitution based upon the British North America Act. We believe that the people of Quebec need a new constitution, one which only they can decide upon without any external interference, one which is democratic and expresses the popular will and will serve the building of a future or the nation." (Brief of the PMLQ National Council, November 2, 1990)

On the issue of Quebec sovereignty, the PMLQ's position to realize a free and sovereign Quebec was clearly stated:

"1. Quebec is a nation constituted by all the people who live in its territory;

"2. Quebec, as a right, has the right to self-determination including secession;

"3. Quebec, at this time, must exercise its right to self-determination by holding a referendum in which the people of Quebec are called upon to 1) abrogate the British North America Act and elect an assembly specifically to draft a democratic constitution; and 2) call upon the rest of Canada to do the same." (Ibid)

It stated:

"Like any nation, the Quebec nation has its inherent sovereignty, in particular its right to national self-determination including secession, if the people of Quebec so decide. For more than two hundred years the people of Quebec have been seeking precisely how this sovereignty should be expressed, how this self-determination ought to be exercised. We believe that the exercising of the right to self-determination by the Quebec people, acting as a sovereign nation, is a necessary prelude to the solution of all the other problems besetting the people, and an indispensable precondition for building a future for the nation." (Ibid)

Beaudoin-Dobbie Report's Falsification of History Opposed

After the failure of Meech Lake, the federal government continued to seek ways to maintain the status quo with regard to Quebec by making it acceptable to the people of Quebec and the Canadian people. When the Brian Mulroney government in its final term returned the charge with the "Special Joint Committee on a Renewed Canada" (the Beaudoin-Dobbie Committee, who later prepared the Charlottetown Accord), the PMLQ reiterated that all attempts for the renewal of Canada would fail if the refusal to recognize the right of the Quebec nation to self-determination persisted.

"Even though the entire document promotes the idea of a Renewed Canada, once it does not recognize the right of the nation of Quebec to self-determination, it fails. It opts for recognizing the status quo and merely takes up the problem of how to make the status quo valid for our times. The Joint Committee does this by upholding the status imposed on Quebec by the British colonialists in the Quebec Act of 1774, which it says 'responded to French Canada's demands for the preservation of its laws and customs' and the Constitutional Act of 1791 which 'divided Quebec into two parts corresponding to the linguistic and cultural divergence of its inhabitants.' The Joint Committee correctly points out that 'These two statutes acknowledged and provided the political framework for a distinct society in Quebec with institutions, laws and culture quite different from those of other political communities in North America.' It goes further to point out that when the Canadian state was established through the BNA Act in 1867, it enshrined this practice of the British. The Joint Committee writes: 'In 1867, Confederation recognized and re-established Quebec's distinct society as an autonomous political community while it embraced the principle of linguistic duality in the political institutions of a new country that would eventually span a continent.'

"We couldn't agree more. This is precisely what is called suppressing the nation of Quebec and denying its right to self-determination. By the time the British fought their intercolonial wars with the French, the 'French settlers,' whom the Joint Committee recognizes as a mere abstraction, had forged a new society. They had produced an indigenous population, born and bred in the new territory, partly of French parentage and partly born of the inter-marriage between French settlers and the Native Peoples. This indigenous population forged a new economy, through its own labour, blood and sacrifice. These people developed their own trade and commerce and set out to forge the political, educational and legal institutions they would require to administer themselves. All the while, they remained a colony of France, ruled by the French colonial power and its institutions. In other words, Quebec had become a nation by virtue of its common territory, population, language, psychology and economy. The fact that the British won the inter-colonialist wars against the French and gained Quebec as part of the Paris Treaty of 1763 simply meant that the colonial ownership of Quebec was transferred from the French to the British. While the people of Quebec, consistent with the times, were ready to embark on the road of modern nation-building, in the manner of either the French, who, in their Revolution of 1789, ended feudalism and set forth on the road of a modern bourgeois republic, or of the peoples of the Americas, who won their independence from colonial rule, the British imposed their own colonial rule over Quebec and suppressed the emergent nation of Quebec. Quebec has been a suppressed nation ever since, denied the right to self-determination." (National Council of PMLQ, March 1992)

Federal Referendum on the Charlottetown Accord -- 1992

In the federal referendum on the Charlottetown Accord in 1992, an attempt to divide the people of Quebec with the notion that Quebec is a "distinct society" and a blatant refusal to recognize the Quebec nation and its right to self-determination, the PMLQ actively campaigned for the No camp. During the campaign, it explained the failure of the arrangements of the empire builders of the nineteenth century that the Charlottetown Accord sought to maintain in all its essentially anachronistic elements. It also published important theoretical texts on the history of the nation and political power, as well as a modern definition of rights and the distinction between citizenship and nationality.

National Campaign for a Modern Constitution and
Democratic Renewal -- September 1994

In September 1994, the PMLQ launched a national campaign for a modern constitution and democratic renewal with a series of conferences on the future of Quebec. The campaign's goal was also to not permit the political discourse to be disinformed by the false discourse of the federalists on "national unity." The PMLQ judged that the question of vesting in the people the power to decide was more important than ever. The campaign's slogan was "For a sovereign and independent state of Quebec."

Referendum on Quebec Sovereignty -- 1995

The PMLQ actively participated in the 1995 referendum campaign on Quebec sovereignty from its launch in September that year, with the slogan: "For the people's yes!" The Party considers it played an important role in the formation of Yes Committees and it held conferences at several universities, colleges and cities to encourage everyone to participate in the referendum campaign for the Yes side.

Even before the campaign, the PMLQ organized extensive internal and external consultations on the position to take in light of the referendum question and submitted a brief to the Commission on the future of Quebec.

The PMLQ said about the referendum:

"A great opportunity exists for the working class of Quebec to lead the project of nation-building in a manner which leads to the formation of a state in Quebec on the basis of its own model. [...]

'In nation-building, we have to be careful not to found the nation on 19th century concepts of ethnicity as the British did in formulating the BNA Act.[1] On the contrary, we should begin with the modern definition according to which a modern polity is established which recognizes the collective rights of all the people of Quebec and vests sovereignty in the people.'"

We proposed that the Preamble to the Constitution of the Republic of Quebec read in part as follows:

"We, the people of Quebec, exercising our inviolable and inalienable right as a sovereign people with collective rights irrespective of the languages we speak, the religions we practice, the ideologies and political opinions we hold on basic values and social objectives, or other attributes such as skin colour, national background, gender, age, lifestyle, ability, wealth or social position, hereby declare the formation of the Republic of Quebec, a modern nation-state and polity in which all citizens enjoy equal rights and duties and all minority rights based on concrete objective reality are recognized as inviolable and inalienable.

"In this modern nation-state and polity, our collective rights reign supreme, and the rights of individuals are protected by passing legislation which harmonizes them with the general well-being of society.

"In this modern nation-state and polity, the people are sovereign and set the fundamental law and govern themselves as we have done by means of the referendum through which we expressed our collective will to establish our modern nation-state and polity.

"Our action from now as a sovereign people is to collectively establish state structures according to this law of the land, the Constitution of the Republic of Quebec, and begin to govern ourselves on the basis of this Constitution."

Since the 1995 referendum, the PMLQ has continued to argue for the necessity of a sovereign and independent Quebec. "The Marxist-Leninists," said PMLQ Leader Pierre Chénier, "have always defended a principled and consistent position on the national question, which the Canadian establishment and its representatives in Quebec keep using to divide the people and prevent the political unity required to solve their problems and those of the society."

Conferences on the Future of Quebec -- 1998

In 1998, the PMLQ organized a series of conferences on the future of Quebec with the aim of organizing workers and youth to take up the national question. The conferences had as their theme: "The working class must constitute itself the nation and vest sovereignty in the people." The main challenge was not to permit the propaganda that said that the economy required integration with global markets and the abandonment of the principle of a sovereign nation-state to pass:

"Today, the issue of nation-building concerns the people of the entire world. The neo-liberal offensive to sell out all the resources of nations, especially the human and natural resources, to serve the aim of making the monopolies competitive on global markets has put this issue on the agenda of the peoples everywhere. The issue is of great urgency. This concern cannot be dismissed by portraying everything to do with nation-building as an issue of separatism versus federalism or which equates separatism with sovereignty and so on, as the federal Liberals and their fellow travellers are doing. Whether or not Quebec opts for independence, the approach towards nation-building will determine the future of Quebec. Today the interests of the bourgeoisie are not identified with those of the nation. They lie in selling out all its resources, in using the state power to seize the entire social product produced by the working class to hand it over to those who invest it to make maximum profits for themselves. This is why the working class must constitute itself the nation and lead society so that it can advance."

Opposition to "Clarity Act" -- 1998

When the Jean Chrétien Liberal Party, in the context of making Canadian monopolies "number one" in the world, tried to put an end "once and for all" to the national question in Canada through the "Clarity Act" that dictated the Canadian government's terms for holding a referendum in Quebec, the PMLQ participated in the opposition campaign. It published the document "Quebec Case for Sovereignty Before the Supreme Court" in February 1998, which addresses the problem from all angles. (Marxist-Leninist Party of Quebec, February 16, 1998)

Harper's Motion on the Quebec Nation -- November 2006

In the wake of the Sponsorship Scandal and the defeat of the Liberal Party of Canada in Quebec, intense competition once again broke out among the political parties of the rich for the conquest of the Quebec electorate. While rejecting any discussion of the need to renew the arrangements that had their origin in the Canadian federation and choosing not to respond to the rejection of the Charlottetown Accord, they declared they had a plan to fix the problem. The reason was simple -- so long as the Quebec issue is not resolved, no political party can claim "to govern Canada from coast to coast."

Prime Minister Stephen Harper and the Conservative government joined the dance in November 2006 by filing a resolution in the House of Commons stating, "the Québécois form a nation within a united Canada." The motion passed, thwarting a long-standing strategy of the Bloc Québécois to submit resolutions to the Parliament of Canada recognizing the Quebec nation.

Harper's motion does not recognize Quebec's right to self-determination or any rights whatsoever based on the fact that Quebec is a nation in itself. First, the motion gives no power to the nation that Parliament is said to recognize. Quebec is a nation insofar as it "forms a nation within a united Canada." On the other hand, the Harper motion once again tries to establish the Quebec nation along ethnic lines, which is equally condemnable, with the deliberate goal of creating division in Quebec. Thus, the English version of the resolution reads that "the Québécois form a nation within a united Canada," which reveals the intention to cause trouble as concerns the refusal to recognize all Quebeckers as forming part of the Quebec nation so as to deny its right to self-determination.

Lawrence Cannon, Stephen Harper's former Quebec lieutenant, later gave the interpretation of the motion by declaring to reporters who asked whether the term Québécois included all Quebec residents, whatever their origin, "No. Four hundred years ago when Champlain stepped off and onto the shores in Quebec City, he of course spoke about les Canadiens. Then, as the debate evolved, we spoke of French Canadians. And in Quebec now we speak of the Québécois who occupy that land, America." This means that the Conservatives want to perpetuate divisions based on an ethnocultural basis, blocking the modern definition of the nation and the ensuing rights. It was intentional; it could be used to promote the partition of a sovereign Quebec.

These days, the PMLQ is touring Quebec to ensure that Quebec's interests are defended especially against the measures taken by the Harper government, which is selling off Canada's natural resources and integrating the Canadian Armed Forces into U.S. wars of aggression.

One of the specific projects that the PMLQ takes up on a constant basis is the study of the experience of the Patriots of 1837-38 and the dissemination of Quebec history from the people's perspective, not that of the British or the federal state. The Party often brings groups of youth to the Patriots Museum in St. Charles so they may be inspired by the role that the Quebec people played at the height of the wars of independence in the Americas in the nineteenth century. It is also to show them that the Republic was suppressed by the British at that time, leaving no other choice but ultramontanism and liberalism, which explains the origins of the so-called reasonable accommodations of the federal government in the twentieth century, the so-called Laurier century, that is now in crisis.

The PMLQ's position is that the question of Quebec's identity should be used to unite the people to pave the way for society's progress.


1. The Patriots' conception or way of thinking and acting considered anyone fighting the occupation, domination and oppression of our people and our country by the British Empire as Canadian. In reality, during the years 1834-1840 there was no "French Canadian" or "English-Canadian," except in the words and writings of Molson, McGill, Moffatt et al. The members of the economic oligarchy, the monopolists of the time -- the Molsons, McGills and Moffatts -- with their supporters and their bureaucratic administrators, organized societies that were not at all national societies, but societies that they controlled to divide citizenship on the basis of national origin, language and religious beliefs. These sectarian societies were organized in direct opposition to our citizenship and its movement and the Patriot Party. This is why they created at that time the St. George' s Society, the St. Andrew 's Society, the St. Patrick's Society and the German Society. On January 28, 1835, these were grouped under an umbrella organization: the Constitutional Association of Montreal, which would establish "a paramilitary organization of the English party," the party representing the interests of the English Empire. On December 16, the organization took the form of the British Rifle Corps.

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