Bill 37, the Notwithstanding Clause Limitation Act, 2022
The full text of the Bill reads:
"Bill 37 2022
"An Act respecting the use of the notwithstanding clause
"His Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Ontario, enacts as follows:
"Limitation on use of notwithstanding clause
1 (1) A bill of the Legislative Assembly shall not include a declaration pursuant to section 33 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms stating that a provision in an Ontario law operates notwithstanding a provision of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, except in accordance with subsection (2).
"Use permitted in certain circumstances
"(2) A bill of the Legislative Assembly may include a declaration described in subsection (1) if,
"(a) the bill addresses an urgent and critical situation of a temporary nature that seriously endangers the lives, health or safety of Ontarians;
("b) the bill would amend an Act containing a provision that has been found by a court to have contravened the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms; and
"(c) the declaration would only declare the contravening provision in the amended Act to operate notwithstanding the provisions of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms that it has been found to contravene.
"Attorney General's report
"2 (1) This section applies to every bill introduced in the Legislative Assembly by a minister of the Crown that includes a declaration described in subsection 1 (1).
"(2) For every bill described in subsection (1), the Attorney General shall cause to be tabled in the Legislative Assembly a report detailing,
"(a) how the declaration described in subsection 1 (1) can be demonstrably justified in a free and democratic society; and
"(b) what alternatives were considered before the government introduced a bill with this declaration and why they were deemed to be inadequate.
"(3) The report described in subsection (2) must be tabled within 30 days after the day the bill was introduced.
"Adoption requires two-thirds majority
"3 A bill containing a declaration described in subsection 1 (1) shall not be adopted by the Legislative Assembly unless it receives the approval of at least two-thirds of members elected to the Legislative Assembly."
(Legislative Assembly of Ontario)
This article was published in
Number 4 - November 21, 2022