For Your Information
The anti-China motion was introduced in
the House on November 17 by Conservative MP Michael Chong. Both the
resolution and the discussion underscore the refusal to sort out
problems in international relations peacefully and instead turn them
into a matter of factional fighting, promotion of business interests
and a hysterical anti-China stance. It reads:
Given that (i) the People's
Republic of China, under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party,
is threatening Canada's national interest and its values, including
Canadians of Chinese origin within Canada's borders, (ii) it is
essential that Canada have a strong and principled foreign policy
backed by action in concert with its allies, the House call upon the
government to: (a) make a decision on Huawei's involvement in Canada's
5G network within 30 days of the adoption of this motion; and (b)
develop a robust plan, as Australia has done, to combat China's growing
foreign operations here in Canada and its increasing intimidation of
Canadians living in Canada, and table it within 30 days of the adoption
of this motion.
to the resolution Chong said that while the Liberal
"has logged a number of foreign policy accomplishments" such as
renegotiating the free trade agreement with the U.S. overall, "foreign
policy has been a disappointment." He said:
It is on China that the Liberal
government has been the biggest disappointment. China is not upholding
its responsibility to the rules-based international system. It is
ignoring its condition of entry into the WTO. It is manipulating its
currency using state-owned enterprises to interfere in other country's
economies, infringing on international property and violating
international law in its treatment of Canadians Michael Kovrig, Michael
Spavor, Robert Schellenberg and Huseyin Celil. It violates
international law in its treatment of the people of Hong Kong and in
its treatment of religious and ethnic minorities, such as the Tibetans
and the Uighurs in China. In short, China is threatening our interests
and our values. In that context, it is really important that the
Government of Canada speak with a clear, consistent and coherent voice.
Unfortunately, that is not happening. In January of last year, the
Prime Minister said he was not going to intervene in the judicial
proceeding concerning Meng Wanzhou in Vancouver. The same week, former
Canadian ambassador to China, John McCallum, said that the government
should intervene and trade Meng Wanzhou for Canadians Michael Kovrig
and Michael Spavor. This inconsistency and incoherence have continued
into this year. In July, the foreign minister told the House that he is
looking into putting sanctions on Chinese officials for their actions
with respect to Hong Kong. The very next day the government told
Reuters that this was off the table. In September, the foreign minister
told The Globe and Mail
that the pursuit of free trade with China was being abandoned, and on
the same day, Ambassador Barton, Canada's ambassador to China, was in
Edmonton telling an audience, which included the Chinese ambassador to
Canada, that Canada should do more in China and expand trade with China.
These are just a few of the
many, many examples.
government itself acknowledges implicitly that its China policy is not
working. It has acknowledged it by its recent change in rhetoric on
China this fall, and it has acknowledged it by its announcement that it
plans to come forward with a new framework on China this fall, by
December 24. That is why I have introduced this motion today."
Any new framework on China
must include two elements.
it must include a decision on Huawei. In May of last year, the
government said it would make a decision on Huawei's involvement in
Canada's 5G network before the 2019 election. That July it changed its
mind and said it would make a decision after the 2019 election. It has
now been more than a year since the last election, and there still has
been no decision. It has been years since the government first started
deliberating on this decision. The consequence of these years of delay
and indecision on the part of the government is threatening Canada's
national security. Because of the government's delays on this file,
Telus, a major Canadian telecommunications company, went ahead and
purchased Huawei's equipment for its network. It installed it in the
national capital region, where most of Canada's federal government
offices are, including the RCMP, CSIS, the Department of National
Defence and other military installations, despite having reached an
agreement with the federal government not to use Huawei's equipment in
the region. Reports now indicate the federal government is scrambling
to get Telus to remove its equipment, which has now been installed on
some 80 towers and sites in the national capital region. Under article
7 of China's national intelligence law, Huawei must support, assist and
co-operate with China's intelligence activities.
The government's lack of action
on Huawei demonstrates something else: the yawning gap between its
rhetoric and reality. The government said it believes in
multilateralism, but when given the opportunity fails to act. Huawei is
a good case in point. Four of the Five Eyes intelligence partners,
Australia, New Zealand, the United States and the United Kingdom, have
banned or put restrictions on Huawei's involvement in their networks.
Canada is unilaterally alone in failing to take action.
It is long past time for the
government to make a decision on Huawei. No framework on China is
complete without it. Any new framework on China must also include a
robust plan to counter China's subversive operations here in Canada.
China, through its agents and foreign operations here on our soil, is
threatening our national interests and values. It is intimidating
Canadians, particularly Canadians of Chinese origin. It is spying on
and cyber-attacking our citizens, companies and the federal government
itself. It is spreading disinformation. It is engaging in elite
capture: the provision of monetary inducements, in sinecure, to retired
bureaucrats and retired politicians. It is providing financial support
for research institutes that support Beijing's positions, such as the
Confucius Institute. It is co-opting Chinese language media and local
organizations on the ground to promote Beijing's interests. It is
surveilling and organizing Chinese foreign students at Canadian
universities to stifle on-campus debate and threaten others, as it has
done at the University of Toronto and McMaster University. It is
interfering in the Chinese community by mobilizing political support
against those who do not support Beijing.
There are countless examples of
China's influence operations here in Canada documented by CSIS, the
RCMP, Amnesty International and the Special Committee on Canada-China
Relations of the House. Any new framework on China must include a plan
that does more to protect Canadians from China's foreign influence
operations here in Canada as our allies, such as Australia, have
government came to office talking about responsible conviction. That
was jettisoned for Canada being an essential country. We now get a new
framework on China. Any new framework must include a decision on Huawei
and a robust plan to protect Canadian citizens and interests from
China's subversive foreign influence operations here on Canadian soil.
I have a final point on the
timing in the motion. The motion calls on the government to make these
two decisions within 30 days. The government has announced for months
that it is coming forward with a new framework on China by the end of
this fall, which ends on December 21, so the timing of the motion's
provisions is very reasonable. That is why I have introduced this
motion. I hope members will support it.
for the Bloc Québécois, Luc Desilets
(Rivière-des-Mille-Îles, BQ) said his party
agrees, and only has some concerns about the time.
not wait until the Special Committee on Canada-China Relations, which
the Conservatives themselves asked for, releases its findings?"
Speaking for the NDP, Gord Johns
(Courtenay--Alberni, NDP) thanked Chong for the motion and asked:
I want to ask my colleague
if he believes that Canada needs to bring in legislation to combat
foreign interference from China and other state parties here in Canada.
Chong said yes, "a new legislative framework to deal with a
number of issues. For example, we believe that former senior
politicians and former senior bureaucrats should register their
contracts, if they are working for a foreign state or an entity
controlled by a foreign state. We also believe that there need to be
better enforcement tools available to law enforcement to counter these
subversive Chinese foreign influence operations on Canadian soil. These
are just two measures that we believe need new legislation in order to
provide the tools necessary to counter these activities."
behalf of the Liberal government, Minister of Foreign Affairs
François-Philippe Champagne said:
Mr. Speaker, I was very pleased
to attend the speech by my colleague this morning. One thing he failed
to mention, and what I am inquiring about, is Canada's leadership when
it comes to taking action.
is the member not mentioning to Canadians who are watching us that
Canada was the first country to suspend an extradition treaty, between
Canada and Hong Kong? Why is the member not mentioning to Canadians
that Canada suspended the export of sensitive equipment? Why is the
member not mentioning to Canadians that we took immigration measures?
I chaired the meeting of the
Five Eyes, and I consulted with our British counterparts at every step
of the way. Why is the member not mentioning that we are continuing to
engage with our partners around the world to show leadership, to take
action, and to stand up for Canadian values and interests?