U.S. House of Representatives Bill Supporting NATO
The U.S. House of Representatives passed the following
bill in January. It was introduced January 17 and passed January
22. The vote was overwhelmingly in favour, 357-22 with 54
representatives not voting. The bill is now before the Senate. If
passed by a similar margin it is sufficient to overturn an
expected veto by President Trump, which requires a 2/3 majority
in both houses.
* * *
House Resolution H.R.676 -- 116th
To reiterate the support of the Congress of the United
for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, and for other
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of
the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the "NATO Support Act."
SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
Congress finds that:
(1) The North Atlantic Treaty
Organization (NATO), which came into being through the North
Atlantic Treaty, which entered into force on April 4, 1949,
between the United States of America and the other founding
members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, has served as
a pillar of international peace and stability, a critical
component of United States security, and a deterrent against
adversaries and external threats.
(2) The House of
Representatives affirmed in H. Res. 397, on June 27, 2017,
(A) NATO is one of the most successful military
alliances in history, deterring the outbreak of another world
war, protecting the territorial integrity of its members, and
seeing the Cold War through to a peaceful conclusion;
NATO remains the foundation of United States foreign policy to
promote a Europe that is whole, free, and at peace;
United States is solemnly committed to the North Atlantic Treaty
Organization's principle of collective defence as enumerated in
Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty; and
(D) the House of
(i) strongly supports the
decision at the
NATO Wales Summit in 2014 that each alliance member would aim to
spend at least 2 per cent of its nation's gross domestic product
on defence by 2024;
(ii) condemns any threat to the
sovereignty, territorial integrity, freedom and democracy of any
NATO ally; and
(iii) welcomes the
Republic of Montenegro as
the 29th member of the NATO Alliance.
SEC. 3. SENSE OF CONGRESS.
It is the sense of Congress that:
(1) the President
shall not withdraw the United States from NATO; and
case Goldwater v. Carter is not controlling legal
precedent with respect to the withdrawal of the United States
from a treaty.
SEC. 4. STATEMENT OF POLICY.
It is the policy of the United States:
(1) to remain a
member in good standing of NATO;
(2) to reject any efforts to
withdraw the United States from NATO, or to indirectly withdraw
from NATO by condemning or reducing contributions to NATO
structures, activities, or operations, in a manner that creates a de facto
(3) to continue to work with NATO
members to meet their 2014 Wales Defense Investment Pledge
(4) to support robust United States funding
for the European Deterrence Initiative, which increases the
ability of the United States and its allies to deter and defend
against Russian aggression.
SEC. 5. PROHIBITION ON THE USE OF FUNDS TO WITHDRAW
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no funds
authorized to be appropriated, obligated, or expended to take any
action to withdraw the United States from the North Atlantic
Treaty, done at Washington, DC on April 4, 1949, between the
United States of America and the other founding members of
the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
Passed the House of
Representatives January 22, 2019.
Origins of NATO
This article was published in
Volume 49 Number 12 - April 6, 2019
Information: U.S. House of Representatives Bill Supporting NATO