December 2, 2017 - No. 39

Crucial Issues of War and Peace

Trudeau Government Positions Canada
to Suit Ambitions in Asia of New
U.S. Government 

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Dangerous Expansion of NATO Powers and Authority
NATO's Cyber Warfare Harbinger of Grave Dangers
Attempts to Recruit Women for Aggression and War Will Fail

Hands Off the DPRK!
Big Powers Dominate UN Response to Developments
on Korean Peninsula

U.S. Must Immediately End Its Provocations and
Sign a Peace Treaty with the DPRK

Demand Trudeau Government End its Promotion of
Conflict with the DPRK!

Koreans Demand Closure of U.S. Base and an End to Canadian
and Australian Warships in Their Ports


Cuba
Leader of the Revolution Armando Hart Dávalos Passes Away
Enthusiastic Participation in Municipal Elections

Coming Events
Montreal Rally on International Day of Solidarity
with the Palestinian People



Crucial Issues of War and Peace

Trudeau Government Positions Canada to Suit Ambitions in Asia of New U.S. Government  

From November 8-14, Prime Minister Trudeau travelled to Asia to participate in the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Leaders' Summit in Vietnam, and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Summit and East Asia Summit in the Philippines. While in Vietnam, he had an official visit with its President, high-level government officials and the Vietnamese Communist Party.

In Asia, Trudeau sought to position Canada economically and militarily at a time U.S. President Trump has withdrawn from signing the Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP). The TPP excludes Asia's biggest country by population and trade and Canada's second largest trading partner, China.

Under the Obama presidency, U.S. imperialism engaged in a "pivot to Asia," which saw the U.S. shift troops and war assets to the continent and step up its war exercises. Obama also extended drone bombing throughout the world, especially into Africa. The U.S. war exercises have now increased under Trump, in particular around the Korean Peninsula. Contention between the U.S. and China continues in the South China Sea to the detriment of all peoples. While China has occupied and built its own infrastructure on disputed islands which are claimed as their own national territory by others, Trump has continued Obama's provocations in the South China Sea, sending U.S. naval flotillas near disputed territory in what U.S. imperialism calls "freedom of the seas" war exercises. Trump has also intensified drone bombing and the use of Special Forces around the world, especially in Africa and has increased troop levels in the never-ending war in Afghanistan.

The U.S. withdrawal from the TPP is consistent with U.S. threats to abandon NAFTA and to secure direct trade deals instead. It appears the various agreements and rules within international deals no longer suit the most powerful U.S. global monopolies. Those global private empires now seek direct control of their affairs everywhere without any multilateral state agreements to infringe on their right to build their empires. The U.S. military with its military vassals in NATO and NORAD, along with the growing numbers of private armies are the spear to keep the world's peoples in check and to smash any resistance to empire-building.

During his time in Asia during the second week of November, Trudeau sought a "seat at the table" for Canada in the East Asia Summit, which is a forum for discussions on security made up of the big powers of Asia and the United States. In particular, certain media suggest, Canada sought to be part of discussions amongst the big powers over the situation in Korea and Myanmar. Canada was given observer status in the Summit, a body the U.S. joined in 2011 under Obama. During these times of heightened war tensions, especially Trump's threats to destroy the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) and the re-emergence of Myanmar as a target, the continuing wars in West Asia and Africa, and the opening of new fronts of U.S. interference in the Americas and Caribbean, the U.S. may be pushing Canada to become a more active military vassal for war.

Canada is actively supporting and encouraging U.S. preparations for a war to destroy the DPRK, as U.S. imperialism strives to dominate all of Asia. An important aspect of this is the demonizing of the DPRK and its leadership. In Japan, the U.S. anti-Korea war propaganda is used to smash the development of any movement to rid the country of U.S. military occupation and strengthen the U.S/Japan military alliance against China and Korea.

The war propaganda in Canada seeks to establish in the minds of Canadians that the DPRK is a threat to Canada and that more should be done to annex the Canadian military and country to the U.S. war chariot, including stationing U.S. missiles and troops in Canada. The war propaganda is connected with arms sales, as U.S. merchants of death such as Boeing and Raytheon use their own enormous resources and their representatives in governments to agitate for war, as war and war preparations are the most lucrative business.

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Dangerous Expansion of NATO Powers and Authority

On November 8 and 9 a meeting of NATO Ministers of Defence was held in Brussels, Belgium. At the meeting Ministers approved the outline design for an adapted NATO Command Structure and officially launched the expansion of NATO's cyber warfare program and the inclusion of cyber attacks in the collective defence provisions of the Alliance's Article 5.

The stated aim of the new commands is to "improve the movement of troops across the Atlantic, and within Europe." Emphasis was placed on member nations' submission of their infrastructure planning and procurement to move troops and military equipment rapidly, including across the national boundaries of its members and partners. Although presented as being for purposes of defence it clearly shows that NATO is preparing to move its troops and equipment against those it declares enemies. The meeting presented as vital the need to update military requirements for civilian infrastructure, such as roads, railways and airports. This means there will be more demands that the national governments of NATO member and candidate member states submit civilian infrastructure, both existing and planned, to NATO Command. It adds that not only governments but the private sector and the European Union "have key roles to play."

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said during a press conference following the meeting that since 2014, "we have made good progress in improving national legislation, removing many bureaucratic hurdles to allow us to move forces across Allied territory. But much more needs to be done. We need to ensure that national legislation facilitating border crossing is fully implemented. We need enough transport capacity at our disposal, which largely comes from the private sector. And we need to improve infrastructure, such as roads, bridges, railways, runways and ports. So NATO is now updating the military requirements for civilian infrastructure."

He later explained that NATO is going to be dictating changes to the laws of member states to serve rapid deployment for war: "It's about legislation, and of course it's about making sure that NATO allies implement those standards and those requirements. We formulate the requirements and the standards, but of course it's nations that have to implement them when they invest in infrastructure, when they make arrangements with, for instance, private providers of transportation." This raises the possibility that NATO will demand private transport monopolies, for example in rail, come under its military control for purposes of moving NATO equipment and troops. If and when workers act to oppose the deployment of foreign troops in their countries they will be labelled as foreign agents or worse. It raises concerns for Canada specifically as the U.S. considers Canada a transit point for deployment of its forces to Europe. It may be that in building new transport corridors standards will be imposed to ensure that roads, bridges and the like are capable of carrying U.S. military equipment for deployment for war in Europe.

New Commands

A new NATO Command for the Atlantic Ocean is being established "to ensure that sea lines of communication between Europe and North America remain free and secure." What this means was not specified but this likely refers to NATO stepping up its control over internet infrastructure, much of which crosses the Atlantic in undersea cables.

A new Command is also being established to "improve the movement of military forces across Europe [...] and to strengthen the logistical function across the NATO Command Structure."

As well, a new Cyber Operations Centre is being established to lead NATO's cyber war activities and to integrate the cyber war activities of its member states and their police and spy agencies into NATO missions and operations. Of serious concern is that it is reported that the meeting officially established "cyber" as a military domain and that cyber attacks can trigger NATO's Collective Defense provision Article 5. This would mean that an alleged cyber attack against any member will be considered an act of war against all NATO members, requiring they then respond under NATO, meaning U.S., command.

Attempting to justify this NATO Secretary General Stoltenberg said, "We must be just as effective in the cyber domain as we are on land, at sea and in the air, with real-time understanding of the threats we face and the ability to respond however and whenever we choose."

"We also agreed that we will be able to integrate Allies' national cyber capabilities into NATO missions and operations, while nations maintain full ownership of those capabilities, just as Allies own the tanks, the ships and aircraft in NATO missions."

In response to a question about whether NATO cyber attacks are considered less harmful than bombs, Stoltenberg made it clear that cyber would be a weapon of NATO, part of its arsenal of weapons to be used against the peoples of the world. "Using cyber capabilities may be a more proportionate response and that's the reason why I welcome that we are now integrating national cyber capabilities into NATO missions and operations and that we have agreed the principles of doing that," he said.

Covering up that member spy and cyber agencies are being centralized under NATO command to wage war, he said "regardless of whether we speak about a plane or a tank or a cyber capability, the use of these capabilities is going to be in accordance with international law and it's going to be part of the defensive posture of NATO."

Increase of Troops in Afghanistan

NATO Ministers also agreed to increase the size of NATO's Resolute Support training mission in Afghanistan from around 13,000 to roughly 16,000 personnel. Calling it a training and advising mission covers up the fact that approximately 3,000 more foreign troops are being deployed to Afghanistan in order to suppress its people and impose U.S. imperialist interests there. This spells grave danger for the peoples of Afghanistan and Asia in general. Afghanistan shares a border with China and China cannot be expected to ignore 3,000 foreign troops being deployed to a country on its border. This itself shows the dangers which are being created for the cause of peace by NATO.

Canada's Deliberate Obfuscation of Serious Developments

A statement from Canada's Minister of Defence Harjit Sajjan provides no overview or explanation of the serious developments announced at the meeting so that Canadians can draw warranted conclusions. The Trudeau government is keenly aware that Canadians do not know the extent to which Canada's armed forces, police and spy agencies and its national territory are being integrated into U.S. and NATO military command and that if they did would say No! The government's Ministers present everything in the most vague terms with phrases about peace and defence so that no one gets a sense of the dangerous activities in which Canada is being embroiled.

"Standing shoulder to shoulder with our NATO and Coalition Allies, Canada will continue to put forward our expertise and leadership in pursuit of global peace and security. Through international engagements like NATO and the Coalition, Canada continues to demonstrate that we are both committed and capable when it comes to helping build a more peaceful and prosperous world." Statements like this hide that under the Trudeau government Canada is being made a weapon of war more easily-wielded by the U.S. and NATO.

Following the NATO meetings, Sajjan participated in the Large Group Defeat-ISIS Defence Ministerial chaired by U.S. Secretary of Defense James Mattis, in which Canada no doubt received new marching orders for the role it is to play in the Middle East. Sajjan also co-hosted, with his Latvian counterpart, a meeting of the nations whose troops come under Canadian-led NATO command in its eFP Battle Group in Latvia. They discussed coordination of the Battle Group's activities and related matters." Sajjan also participated in a meeting of the five principal nations currently overseeing Ukraine's neo-Nazi infested defence and security forces -- Canada, Lithuania, Poland, the United Kingdom and the United States.

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NATO's Cyber Warfare Harbinger of Grave Dangers

Starting November 28, NATO held three days of cyber war exercises based out of its Cyber Range in Estonia. Considered by NATO its "biggest and most important cyber defence exercise" the training placed more than 700 participants from 25 Allies, as well as NATO partner countries, the European Union, industry and academia under NATO command. The exercise was managed from the Cyber Range but the majority of participants took part remotely from their own "workplaces."

According to NATO, the "Cyber Coalition tests and trains cyber defenders from across the Alliance in their ability to defend NATO and national networks. From defence against malware, through tackling hybrid challenges involving social media, to attacks on mobile devices, the exercise has a challenging, realistic scenario that helps prepare our cyber defenders for real-life cyber challenges. The training includes testing of operational and legal procedures, exchange of information and work with industry and partners."

The reference to "hybrid challenges involving social media" shows how NATO is in fact using social media as a weapon just as it claims those it declares its rivals are. This is not new, however it comes at a time that governments around the world are strengthening the state's powers to criminalize and disinform their own citizens and the citizens of other countries using social media, all the while claiming that this is in response to its use by others. Why NATO is being given a role to police social media is an important question which the Trudeau government seems keen to avoid addressing in its discourse about the need to prepare Canada for possible cyber attacks especially during elections.

Estonian Defence Forces spokespeople in Tallinn, where the NATO base is located, are quoted by Baltic News Service as saying the aim is "to test the ability of allied states and partner countries to withstand various cyber attacks and rehearse cooperation between cyber experts on both national and international levels.

Lt. Col. Andres Kuusk, commanding officer of the exercise said, "The training exercise will definitely be rendered very realistic by the fact that all the member and partner states will be solving these tasks at home."

In addition to the Estonian military, other Estonian participants included "the Information System Authority (RIA), the cyber defence unit of the volunteer Estonian Defence League, the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence and other institutions of the Estonian state.

Attempts to Hide NATO's Aggressive Role with
Talk About Russian Threat

Although it is unclear to what extent Canada is involved in these exercises, there has been a stepped up push to create fear of Russian hacking in Canada so as to justify expansion of NATO's police powers in Canada.

Estonia's Defence Minister Jüri Luik, in an interview with CBC while in Canada for the Halifax International Security Forum, stated, "In some ways, every country is a neighbour of Russia because [a] cyber [threat] recognizes no borders, so you might also say that Canada is a neighbour of Russia.

"There's no doubt at the moment that we're dealing with a Russian government who has a very aggressive approach towards the West. It's not only the Baltic states, but really, if you look at what's happening in other countries, in big allied countries, interference in elections, in various referenda, I mean, this is a very aggressive hybrid approach towards the West at large."

NATO is expanding its control over the military, espionage, police and civilian institutions of its members and candidate members in the name of preventing Russian cyber-attacks. It is well known that the U.S. spy agencies along with Canada's Communications Security Establishment, who are part of the Five-Eyes spy network, have been caught hacking cell phones of foreign leaders for corporate espionage.[1] Fomenting fear of Russian hacking is to hide U.S., Canadian and NATO cyber attacks on politicians and their own citizens and everyone else. It is also to hide the serious violations of national sovereignty being facilitated by the likes of the Trudeau government in the service of supranational institutions of imperialist war, aggression and assassination. Canadians will not accept NATO taking control of political discourse via social media or any other medium in Canada no matter what the fraudulent excuse. It must not pass!

Note

1. "Harper Government Turning Canada into Rogue State," TML Weekly, October 12, 2013.

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Attempts to Recruit Women for Aggression
and War Will Fail

On November 18 in the midst of the Halifax Security Forum, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg announced that Canadian Clare Hutchinson will become NATO's new Special Representative for Women, Peace and Security.

Hutchinson was previously a Gender Adviser at the United Nations in the Department of Peacekeeping Operations. She was deployed with the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon from July 2012 to December 2013 and the United Nations Interim Administration in Kosovo October 2004 to December 2007.
At a February 2016 ceremony for 125 Indian women police officers stationed with the United Nations Mission in Liberia she said:

"What we're doing with the military and the police is breaking down the perception that this is a male domain and that women can't be involved. We know that the obstacles aren't that it's too dangerous or that they don't want to travel or leave their children. Those aren't the most prevailing obstacles; it's mainly that they're not aware of opportunities."

Hutchinson emphasized that to increase the presence of women in peace operations, the UN relies on its Member States to recruit them at the country level. To support the effort, she said the UN had helped train over 555 female police officers in five countries, leading to 174 additional women being deployed in 2015.

"What comes out as very striking to me when you talk to women in the services, the first thing they say is that they're a police officer, not a woman. So they're not women police officers, they're police officers who are women. And I think that's very important for us to remember," she noted.

Stoltenberg said of the appointment, "empowering women is not just the right thing to do, it's the smart thing to do: it makes countries safer and more stable. NATO is determined to make a difference, including through our training and operations -- for example, by deploying gender advisers to local communities in Afghanistan. We also aim to raise the profile of women at all levels within the Alliance.

"We still need to do more, but for NATO, peace and security are not just a man's world.

"I thank Canada for its strong commitment to women, peace and security, and I look forward to welcoming Ms Hutchinson to NATO Headquarters soon."

NATO is an aggressive military and political alliance that has engaged in the destruction of countries, creating anarchy and violence, of which women and children are the first victims. The Trudeau government has given itself the dishonourable task to convince women -- who are in the front ranks of the opposition to aggression and war -- to consider the "equal opportunity" offered for recruitment as soldiers, police or spies on behalf of NATO and its members. This is what it calls empowering women. This is criminal indeed. Hutchinson's appointment is an attempt by NATO to give Canada credit for its nefarious activities and bolster its attempts to make war and aggression "progressive."

Canada has blood on its hands whether in Korea, Yugoslavia, Libya, Ukraine, Haiti and Afghanistan and now it is deploying into Eastern Europe to threaten Russia and suppress opposition to NATO's aggressive role in Latvia and other European countries. That it is seeking to absolve itself of its crimes by presenting itself as the biggest defender of women and peace fools no one. Women's empowerment lies in fighting for their own rights and the rights of all. Women, especially working class women, are in the front ranks of all the fights for rights and against war. Trying to hide this by promoting women who act as instruments of imperialism -- whether openly or under cover of one or another version of its phony "human rights" agenda -- shows that the Trudeau government's notion of empowerment is bound up with aggression and war and on this basis is fraudulent to the extreme.

Get Canada Out of NATO!
No to War and Aggression in the Name of Women, Peace or Security!

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Hands Off the DPRK!

Big Powers Dominate UN Response to
Developments on Korean Peninsula 


 
Join the Information Pickets and Petition Campaign!
 


Edmonton picket and petition signing at the Strathcona Farmers' Market,
November 25, 2017.

CALENDAR OF EVENTS

An emergency meeting of the UN Security Council was convened late in the day on November 29, following the missile test by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) earlier that day. A statement from the DPRK government on the launch informs that the ICBM flew for 53 minutes to an altitude of 4,475 km and a distance of 950 km, landing in the open waters of the East Sea of Korea. Despite the short distance, the high arc indicates that the Hwasong-15 has a range that would enable it to reach mainland U.S., as the statement points out. The statement reiterates that the DPRK's ICBMs "are to defend the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the country from the U.S. imperialists' nuclear blackmail policy and nuclear threat, and to ensure the peaceful life of the people, and therefore, they would not pose any threat to any country and region as long as the interests of the DPRK are not infringed upon. This is our solemn declaration."

UN Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs Jeffrey Feltman, in his briefing to the Council, stated, "Given the grave risks associated with any military confrontation, in exercise of its primary responsibility the Security Council needs to do all it can to prevent an escalation. Unity in the Security Council is critical." Feltman blamed the DPRK's nuclear and missile tests over the past two years for creating "great tension on the Korean Peninsula and beyond [...] stressing that this dynamic must be reversed and the solution can only be political," the UN News Centre reports. "Security Council unity would create an opportunity for sustained diplomatic engagement -- an opportunity that must be seized in these dangerous times to seek off-ramps and work to create conditions for negotiations," he added. Showing the inability of the United Nations Security Council to address the matter in a manner that would contribute to a lasting peace, Feltman did not call for an immediate end to U.S.-led war exercises in and around Korea so that the DPRK would have less reason to prepare itself for a possible U.S. invasion.

Earlier that day, a spokesperson for Secretary-General António Guterres issued a statement in which he condemned the missile test. He called it "a clear violation of Security Council resolutions, showing complete disregard for the united view of the international community."

"The Secretary-General urges the DPRK to desist from taking any further destabilizing steps. [He] reaffirms his commitment to working with all parties to reduce tensions," the statement concluded.

Feltman informed he had called a meeting with Ja Song Nam, the DPRK Permanent Representative to the UN to deliver the UN Secretary-General's message. During the meeting, Mr. Feltman stressed that "there is nothing more dangerous to peace and security in the world than what is happening now on the Korean Peninsula." The UN News Centre report says nothing about any views or objections from the DPRK's ambassador.

The U.S. used the occasion to persist in its disinformation, with U.S. Ambassador Nikki Haley claiming that, despite the Korean War and 60 subsequent years of aggression and provocations aimed at eliminating the DPRK, the U.S. has "never sought war with north Korea, and still today we do not seek it. If war does come, it will be because of continued acts of aggression like we witnessed yesterday ... And if war comes, make no mistake, the north Korean regime will be utterly destroyed." Haley also said the U.S. has asked China to cut off oil supplies to the DPRK and that more sanctions are pending.

Ambassador Ja was present at the meeting, yet was not invited to address the Council. Despite all the calls for diplomacy and "working with all parties to reduce tensions," the DPRK has been reduced to receiving whatever punishment the Security Council has in store.

Also on November 29, Chinese President Xi Jinping told U.S. President Donald Trump that denuclearizing the Korean Peninsula, maintaining the international nuclear nonproliferation regime, and preserving peace and stability in Northeast Asia are China's unswerving goals. He said China would like to keep up communications with the United States and all other related parties, and jointly push the nuclear issue towards the direction of peaceful settlement via dialogue and negotiation.

For its part, Russia condemned the missile launch, blaming tensions on the Korean Peninsula on the DPRK. Kremlin Spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters, "No doubt, another missile launch is a provocative step, which sparks a further rise in tensions, and which moves us away from beginning to settle the crisis. We condemn this launch and hope that all the respective sides will manage to keep calm, which is very necessary to prevent the worst-case scenario on the Korean Peninsula." Regarding the roadmap drawn up by Russia and China ostensibly aimed at resolving the nuclear issue on the Korean Peninsula, Peskov noted that "there is no reason for any significant optimism now."

Neither country saw fit to hold the U.S. to account for its role in initiating and sustaining the crisis.

(With files from UN News Centre, Xinhua, TASS.)

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U.S. Must Immediately End Its Provocations
and Sign a Peace Treaty with the DPRK

Recent events underscore that the necessary and only warranted response to de-escalate the tense situation on the Korean Peninsula, is for the U.S. to engage diplomatically with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) and immediately sign a peace treaty. To make a contribution to peace, the Trudeau government should raise this demand instead of facilitating U.S. war preparations and threats. Hysteria is being created about the latest missile test by the DPRK, when the crux of the matter is and always has been the ceaseless U.S. aggression against the DPRK, in its imperialist striving to dominate all of Asia, and the DPRK's right to sovereignty and self-defence.

Pressure to submit to U.S. imperialist dictate is being put not only on the DPRK, but also on working people in Canada and around the world. The pressure is to fall into hysterics about what is taking place on the Korean Peninsula, so that no one can calmly consider what is taking place and work out their independent thinking for solutions that favour the interests of the workers and peoples of the world and the cause of international peace.


Anti-war protest outside south Korean Department of Defence, Seoul, November 28, 2017. The demand for a "double freeze" highlights the necessity for the U.S. to engage diplomatically with the DPRK and actually
work for peace.

In October, Joseph Yun, the U.S. State Department's top official on the DPRK told an audience at the Council on Foreign Relations that if the DPRK halted its nuclear and missile tests for 60 days, the United States would resume direct talks with Pyongyang, according to the Washington Post. The DPRK's previous test had been September 15, but instead of the U.S. opening talks with the DPRK on November 15, it has ramped up military exercises and sanctions. ZoominKorea reports that earlier in November, the U.S. "sent three aircraft carriers -- the USS Ronald Reagan, Theodore Roosevelt and Nimitz -- and their multi-ship strike groups as well as B-1 bombers to the area to participate in four days of exercises with south Korea and Japan. Next week, the air forces of south Korea and the United States are scheduled to hold another exercise. Vigilant Ace, which will run from December 4 to 8, will deploy six F-22 Raptor stealth fighters and F-35 aircraft. About 12,000 U.S. personnel will participate with south Korean troops while 230 aircraft will be flown at eight U.S. and south Korean military installations," according to a news statement released by the U.S. Seventh Air Force. The U.S. Marine Corps and Navy troops will also participate.

On November 20, the U.S. re-added the DPRK to its list of "state sponsors of terrorism," despite the U.S. being the biggest state sponsor of terrorism the world over and the DPRK having attacked no one. The next day, the U.S. announced additional sanctions against individuals and groups involved in trade with the DPRK, including several Chinese companies.

The DPRK tested its Hwasong-15 intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) on November 29 as part of its program to boost its national defence, which is its right and responsibility. This is being labelled provocative which ignores the real threat posed to the DPRK and the entire world by U.S imperialism.

In the wake of these recent events, which follow the brutal U.S.-led Korean War and decades of U.S. intransigence and provocations, the DPRK on November 29 tested its Hwasong-15 intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) as part of its program to boost its national defence.

The issue of the DPRK's rights to independence and self-defence -- or that of any country -- is a matter of principle, and any principles worthy of the name cannot be compromised. There is no shortage of examples from recent history of countries that were not able to block U.S.-led foreign intervention, and the loss of millions of lives that have resulted from the brutal invasions, war, occupation and subsequent chaos, violence and anarchy. Iraq, Afghanistan and Libya are just a few. The U.S. refusal to accede to the historic verdict of World War II that crimes against the peace are the most serious violation of international law and to sort out its disputes with other countries using peaceful diplomatic means has led to the present crisis. It refuses to accept the repeated entreaties from the DPRK to sign a peace treaty, which is what is required at this time.

To contribute to a diplomatic and peaceful resolution all peace-loving people must demand that the U.S. immediately end its war exercises in and around Korea to create conditions to sign a peace treaty so that its troops can be withdrawn along with its arsenal of nuclear weapons and military hardware from on and around the Korean Peninsula. This will contribute to the possibility of normalizing diplomatic relations with the DPRK. This would immediately de-escalate the situation and permit the Korean people in the north and south to sort out their differences between themselves so as to achieve their ultimate shared goal of national reunification. This would take pressure off of China and Russia, who are also the targets of U.S. striving to dominate Asia and whose interests would be served by a U.S. withdrawal from the Korean Peninsula.

In Canada, more and more people are taking up the work to popularize the Canadian Peace Petition Against War and Aggression on the Korean Peninsula, with pickets taking place in Vancouver, Edmonton, Toronto and Montreal. TML Weekly encourages everyone to sign the petition and take it far and wide, hold public meetings or other activities to inform their friends, families, coworkers and others of the truth about what is happening on the Korean Peninsula. This will help to ensure that people do not fall sway to imperialist disinformation about the crisis on the Korean Peninsula and take an active role to prevent Canada becoming embroiled in U.S.-led aggression against the DPRK. This is especially important given the recent announcement that Canada will co-host a U.S.-led meeting in Vancouverto mobilize support for aggression against the DPRK and the militarization of Canada. All of this is an important contribution to establishing an anti-war government in Canada that reflects the people's striving to make Canada a Zone for Peace.

(Photos: SPARK, TML.)

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Demand Trudeau Government End its Promotion
of Conflict with the DPRK!


Edmonton, November 18, 2017.

On November 29 Canada's Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland announced Canada will host a meeting on the "north Korean crisis." This is presented as a response to the DPRK's latest missile test, however, this is not the case. According to reports the meeting has been under discussion for weeks between Minister Freeland and U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and the test is being used as an occasion to justify Canada playing a lead role in Korea at the behest of the United States. Showing this, both Freeland and Tillerson hypocritically repeated that diplomatic solutions are crucial and are still on the table while they actively engage in threats and war exercises. Diplomacy necessarily requires all parties involved to take part, in this case at least the U.S. and the People's Democratic Republic of Korea (DPRK). Pointedly, the DPRK will not be amongst the up to 16 foreign ministers rumoured to be meeting in Vancouver in January. The aim of the Vancouver meeting, which Canada will officially co-host with the U.S., is clearly not diplomacy. Freeland later told reporters that Japan, south Korea and China would be among those invited to the meeting, which she said will be "an important step in terms of showing the unity of the international community in applying pressure on north Korea."

From the facts that Canada is co-hosting with the U.S. the January meeting, and that the Minister of Foreign Affairs has fallen in line behind her U.S. counterpart, it is evident that Canada is headed in lock-step with the United States towards nefarious ends. The aim may be to legitimize another police action on the Korean Peninsula -- a military action undertaken without a formal declaration of war -- like the one that led to the Korean War. This must not pass! Another aim may be to further till the soil for the U.S. to demand the takeover of Canadian territory for the placement of U.S. ballistic missiles and sensors. Canadians must not permit Canada to be used as a tool of U.S. imperialism to wage war on the Korean people or any other people! Make Canada a zone for peace, not war!

Vancouverites declared their city a nuclear weapons free zone in 2009. They are a proud contingent of the international anti-war movement. If such a meeting is held in Vancouver, or anywhere else, Canadians must make clear that they do not want U.S. missiles in Canada, nor U.S. or Canadian warships or any other military hardware and troops in Korea. TML Weekly is confident that Canadians will take a stand against the dangerous path down which the Trudeau Liberals are taking Canada with its participation in such devious conniving against other countries and peoples. Canadians want Canada to play a dignified role as a genuine force for peace in the world.

(Photos: Radical Citizen Media, RH.)

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Koreans Demand Closure of U.S. Base and an End to Canadian and Australian Warships in Their Ports


Jeju Islanders hold protest and press conference against the presence of the U.S. nuclear submarine USS Mississippi, November 23, 2017.

Protests continue on Jeju Island, the "Island of Peace," off the southwest coast of Korea, to demand the closure of the U.S. naval base there and an end to provocative visits by U.S., Canadian and Australian warships. Islanders are also demanding that the U.S. remove its troops, close down its bases and remove all its military assets from the Korean peninsula.

On November 24, Save Jeju Now, the mass anti-war organization on the island, issued a statement denouncing the arrival of the nuclear submarine USS Mississippi at the south Korean deep water naval base on the island. The base, constructed under pressure from the U.S. imperialists, is located close to China and the disputed waterways of the South China Sea, where the U.S. is literally fishing in troubled waters. The cost of the base was borne by the south Korean people.

According to a 2011 Foreign Policy in Focus article, only 87 of the more than 1,000 eligible voters were present at the vote to approve the building of the base on Jeju Island, and the affirmative "decision" was based on applause. Since then, the Jeju Islanders have interrupted construction of the base seven times.

Save Jeju Now noted that the unannounced arrival of the USS Mississippi marks the first time that a nuclear submarine has arrived at the port. They denounced this as a provocation and a threat to peace and stability in the region and are demanding that the submarine leave immediately.

The organization also notes that in 1992 an agreement was signed between the north and south that neither side would introduce nuclear weapons onto the Korean Peninsula. Yet several times in the last decade, the south Korean government has permitted the docking of nuclear powered submarines capable of delivering nuclear warheads, particularly at the naval bases in Jinhae and Busan, thus nullifying the agreement.

Save Jeju Now is demanding that the U.S. immediately remove the USS Mississippi from their island and stop all further docking of U.S. warships and submarines on Jeju. They are also calling for all foreign warships to be banned from Jeju, pointing out that on June 22, Canadian warships HMCS Ottawa and HMCS Winnipeg docked at Jeju and on November 3, HMAS Melbourne and HMAS Parramatta from the Australian navy also docked there. These ships were part of the U.S.-south Korea-Japan joint military exercises engaged in war preparations against the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

The protesters want an end to all U.S., Canadian, Australian and any other warships and submarines to be prohibited from Jeju, and are determined to end the decades-long U.S. military occupation of Korea and secure peace and Korean reunification.

Note

Jeju Islanders have a heroic record of resisting U.S. military occupation in their country. They boycotted en masse the bogus "democratic" elections that the U.S. imperialists imposed on them through the UN in May 1948 aimed at installing a U.S. puppet regime under Syngman Rhee. The islanders carried out guerilla warfare for more than five years to oppose the U.S. military occupation of Korea at the cost of more than 20,000 Islanders' lives, and thousands of others jailed and exiled in that period.

(savejejunow.org. Photos: H.Y. Choi, S.H. Choi.)

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Cuba

Leader of the Revolution Armando Hart Dávalos Passes Away

It is with sadness that the Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) received the news of the passing of Comrade Armando Hart Dávalos in Havana on November 26. CPC(M-L) extends condolences to the Communist Party of Cuba and its leadership as well as to the comrades and family of Armando Hart and the Cuban people on the loss of this outstanding member of the historic generation of the revolution.

On November 27, Granma wrote: "The outstanding revolutionary combatant Armando Hart Dávalos died yesterday afternoon, November 26, as a result of respiratory failure.


Armando Hart receives the Order of José Martí from President Raúl Castro on the occasion of his 80th birthday, June 13, 2010.

"Hart was born June 13, 1930 in Havana, and as a student at the university here, held numerous positions of responsibility in the Federation of University Students and the Orthodox Youth. He graduated with a PhD in Law in 1952 and took a firm position in opposition to the Batista dictatorship, joining the National Revolutionary Movement led by Rafael García Bárcena. When this leader was accused of conspiracy in 1953, Hart defended him in court, asserting the people's right to rebel.

"He was imprisoned on several occasions during this period.

"He was a founder of the July 26 Movement and part of the original leadership alongside Fidel. He participated in the Santiago de Cuba uprising in November of 1956, working closely with Frank País, was arrested and imprisoned, but escaped to return to underground work in support of the Rebel Army in the Sierra Maestra, and went on to serve as National Coordinator of the July 26 Movement, before being arrested again in 1958. He remained imprisoned until the dictatorship was defeated.

"After the triumph of the Revolution, Hart took on important responsibilities and was a member of the Communist Party of Cuba's Central Committee from its foundation in 1965 until 1991. He was a member of the Council of State from 1976 until 2008 and a deputy to the National Assembly of People's Power, from its constitution until his death.


Armando Hart presents the "Usefulness of Virtue" Award of the José Martí Cultural Society to Puerto Rican independence fighter Oscar López Rivera, Havana, November 13, 2017.

"As director of the Martí Program Office and president of the José Martí Cultural Society, in recent years, he devoted his efforts to disseminating the life and work of Cuba's national hero.

"His extensive intellectual work, deeply rooted in the ideas of Martí and Fidel, is considered among the best of Cuban revolutionary thought.

"Hart was known for his modesty; his absolute loyalty to Fidel and Raúl; his consistent defense of unity among revolutionaries; and his lifelong devotion to whatever work the Revolution required of him."

A public wake took place at the Center for Martí Studies from the evening of his death until 10:00 am on November 27, when a final honour guard was held.

Raúl Castro Ruz, First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party and President of Cuba's Councils of State and Ministers, who was accompanied by other members of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party, headed the final honour guard. The main remarks at the funeral were delivered by Miguel Díaz-Canel Bermúdez, member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba and First Vice President of the Councils of State and Ministers.

Vice President of the José Martí Cultural Society and decorated Hero of the Republic René González Sehwerert observed that "Not a single generation of Cubans is missing here. The parents, children, and grandchildren of the Revolution are here, honouring a man who was instrumental to achieving the Revolution's greatest prize: the Cuban of today. Hart led the enormous effort to educate a people, and later the effort to make us cultured, and this people has come to pay tribute because of everything he represented. The Revolution's most beautiful works would not have been written without this man who was consistently faithful to Martí's thought, Armando Hart."

Remarks of Miguel Díaz-Canel Bermúdez


Cuban First Vice President Miguel Díaz-Canel Bermúdez delivers tribute at funeral of
Armando Hart Dávalos, November 27, 2017.


Armando Hart Dávalos,
June 13, 1930-November 26, 2017

Compañero Army General Raúl Castro Ruz

Eloisa and Hart family members

Compañeros and Compañeras

We have come together in this institution over the last hours to pay tribute to one of the essential figures of the Cuban Revolution.

The brilliant intellectual and revolutionary Armando Hart Dávalos leaves to present and future generations an extraordinary example of loyalty, the spirit of sacrifice, firmness and absolute adherence to principle.

Hart's trajectory in the service of Cuba began in his early youth, with his denunciation of the corrupt governments of Grau and Prío. Martí's sense of ethics invariably guided his conduct -- always transparent, always implacable in the face of those who used the Homeland as a pedestal. For that reason he resolutely opposed the March 10, 1952, military coup and went on to confront the Batista tyranny from then on. He was a member of the National Directorate of the July 26th Movement and actively participated, along with Frank País, Haydée and Vilma, in the uprising of November 30, l956 in Santiago de Cuba in support of the Granma landings. Endowed with great personal courage, he suffered persecution and imprisonment. He became National Coordinator of the July 26th Movement. The Revolution's triumph caught him by surprise while he was in the Modelo prison in the Isle of Pines.

Hart was a true founder. As Minister of Education of the first revolutionary cabinet, he directed the Literacy Campaign and the admirable educational and cultural work that transformed our country in those early years. A decade later, he assumed the leadership of the newly created Ministry of Culture, where he rectified errors and distortions, restored communication with the intellectual vanguard, promoted Arts education and designed an institutional system that turned the people into leaders of the cultural processes.

It is necessary to highlight the important responsibilities he assumed as a member of the leadership of our Party during his fruitful life.

In the last stage of his work, he devoted himself to one of his central passions: the study and dissemination of the life and work of José Martí. He was convinced that in Martí the Cuban ideology of emancipation, justice and anti-imperialism had reached its highest point. At the same time, guided by Fidel, he understood and knew how to defend the organic connection between the thought of Martí and of Marx.

Hart, the follower of Martí, became a fervent Fidelista. Ever since first meeting Fidel, he followed him unconditionally. He was a permanent student of his action and his ideas. Among these, was a cardinal principle of Fidel's: the preservation of unity. Hart repeated that the classic adage of "divide and conquer" must be countered with Martí and Fidel's "unite to win." This was the basis of what he called "the art of doing politics," something that he applied with particular interest in his dialogue with young people.

He did remarkable work as an essayist and in the field of journalism. Some of his books at the time represented very innovative contributions in matters of cultural policy and the creation of a new consciousness in socialism. They continue as essential references today. The tribute paid to him at the last Book Fair, where readers were presented with many of his unpublished writings, was justified and beautiful. Throughout that event, the affection and admiration the Cuban people feel and will continue to feel for Hart was in evidence.

Until the last of his days he was a tireless intellectual and political fighter. He admirably confronted the moral blow suffered by the left after the collapse of socialism in Europe and worked hard to create, in the face of barbarism, an international front of ideas based on the thought of Fidel, Martí and Marx.

On behalf of the family and the leadership of our Party and Government, we thank you for your presence here and the many expressions of solidarity and affection received since the news was disseminated.

"Death is not real when one's life's work has been well fulfilled."

To this phrase of Martí, Hart would add: "Hasta la victoria siempre."

(Translation from the original Spanish by TML.)

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Enthusiastic Participation in Municipal Elections

On November 26, the first anniversary of the passing of the historic leader of the Cuban revolution, Fidel Castro, Cuba held the first stage of its 2017-18 general elections with a vote to select delegates to the country's 168 Municipal Assemblies of People's Power. The second stage, to elect representatives to the Provincial Assemblies and National Assembly for a five-year mandate will be announced later in the year. The electoral process will culminate with the election of the country's new president by the National Assembly on February 24, 2018.

The country's National Electoral Commission (NEC) reported that 82.05 per cent of the more than 8 million registered voters participated in voting at more than 24,300 polling stations on November 26. As a result of bad weather, especially in the regions of Cienfuegos, Camagüey, Villa Clara and Santiago de Cuba, voting was extended by one hour to 7:00 pm so that everyone who wanted to participate could.

The level of participation in the election in spite of bad weather and difficulties that remain as a result of Hurricane Irma shows the determination of the Cuban people and electoral authorities to make the vote an expression of their unity and sovereignty. Originally scheduled for October 22, the election was postponed to November 26 to allow for recovery from the hurricane.

A total of 11,415 delegates were elected across the 12,515 constituencies of the country. The remaining 1,100 constituencies will go to a second round vote, set to take place December 3, as there was either a tie or no candidate received more than 50 per cent of the valid votes cast. Of the delegates elected in the first round, 35.47 per cent are women and 14.36 per cent are young people.

Participation in Public Candidate Nomination Process

NEC President Alina Balseiro informed that the nomination process for delegate candidates saw more than six million Cubans participate in neighbourhood assemblies for this purpose, more than the previous time the process was held, with more than 60,800 proposed nominees.

Of the 27,221 individuals nominated as candidates, 35.4 per cent were women and 19.4 per cent youth. The majority had secondary and higher education levels, and workers from production and services, as well as administration sectors were the most widely represented, although there were also non-state sector workers among the candidates.

At each polling station voters could read the biographies of the candidates and check their own details on the electoral register.

Prominent Role of Youth in Electoral Process

Some 12,000 youth, members of the Federation of Secondary Education Students and the Federation of University Students (FEU) participated in the voting process. Prior to voting President of the FEU Raúl Alejandro Palmero Fernández indicated that "young people will supervise each polling station to ensure the legality, transparency and quality of the process, as well as compliance with the principles of our electoral and political system, and respect for the regulatory standards established by the National Electoral Commission." He noted that this "is a sign that we can continue to count on young people to undertake the tasks of utmost importance in the country."

Palmero also called on "all Cuban youth to join in tweeting as invited by the Electoral Commission, this November 24 from 10:00 am to 1:00 pm using the hashtags #PorCuba and #Cuba, so that this is also a massive movement and shows the world the joy with which Cubans go to vote."

"A year ago, we swore allegiance and commitment to Fidel's Concept of Revolution. The best way to honour this figure on this first anniversary of his death is to attend the polls en masse," he stressed.

The FEU said it would also "guarantee the participation of 300,000 young people," he noted, "who for the first time will exercise their right to vote."

(Granma, Prensa Latina, CubAhora. Edited slightly for grammar.)

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Coming Events

Montreal Rally on International Day of Solidarity
with the Palestinian People

Saturday, December 2, 1:00-3:00 pm
Place Émilie-Gamelin
Facebook

November 29 is the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian people. It is an occasion to draw the attention of the international community to the fact that the Palestinian question remains unresolved and to affirm Palestinians' inalienable rights, as recognized by the UN General Assembly:

- the right to self-determination without outside interference;
- the right to national independence and sovereignty; and
- the right to return to one's home and recover one's property.

All Out to Support the Just Cause of the Palestinian People!

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