April 1, 2017 - No. 11
of the Founding of the
Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist)
Party of Canada
Inaugurates National Office in Ottawa
Reception to inaugurate the National Office of the Marxist-Leninist
Party of Canada on the
occasion of the 47th anniversary of the Party's
founding, Ottawa, March 31, 2017.
The function was addressed by MLPC
National Leader Anna Di Carlo (centre)
as well as other members of the
• The Federal Budget
Palestinian Land Day
• Long Live the Palestinian People
and Their Resistance!
All Out to End the Occupation!
• Occupation Holds More Than 85 Per
Cent of Historic Palestine
47th Anniversary of the Founding of the
Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist)
Marxist-Leninist Party of Canada Inaugurates
The Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) sends
revolutionary greetings to all Party members, supporters, friends
and the working people as we celebrate the 47th anniversary of
the Party's founding. Without their support and confidence we
would not be here today.
Anna Di Carlo, MLPC National Leader; and
Louis Lang, representing the
Today in Ottawa, we are holding a reception to
open the Party's new National Office. We congratulate the
Ottawa-Gatineau Branch of CPC(M-L) and Youth for Democratic
Renewal for their work to prepare and operate the National Office
on a professional basis. We salute also the cadre across the
country who are being trained to carry out the work of the Office
on a planned and professional basis. We reserve special thanks to
the comrades and friends who answered the call of the Party to
assist this project by raising funds. Half the projected amount
of $40,000 for this year has been achieved, which is great news.
We call on everyone not to let up on mobilizing support for this
most important work of the Party.
We are also pleased to inform you that, besides the
democratic renewal and a modern constitution, the National Office
is also overseeing membership campaigns and communications with
members and the public. A great beginning is reflected in the
issuing of membership cards for several hundred new members for
2017 and the renewal of the cards of current members. Everyone
will receive their cards within the next month. This is
particularly important as the Party involves members and
supporters in the preparations for its 9th Congress.
Modern Conception of Rights
This year we mark Canada's 150th anniversary as well as
celebrate the 180th anniversary of the Rebellions in Upper and
Lower Canada. The 1837-38 Rebellions led to the establishment of
what was called responsible government in Canada. The country's
present institutions and conception of rights were established at
that time. Of great significance to grasp about those institutions is
sovereignty was not vested by the people in themselves. Far from
it, through a series of Royal Proclamations sovereignty was
vested in the police powers of a foreign monarch and private
interests. Those arrangements remain a block to building a modern
and independent Canada to this day.
The celebration of Canadian Confederation is taking
a time the country has become integrated into the U.S. economy
and war machine. Under the leadership of the U.S. imperialists,
the Canadian military is engaged in acts of aggression and
occupation of other countries without the consent of Canadians
and in large measure in opposition to the people's desire for an
anti-war government and to make Canada a zone for peace.
Even though large amounts of money are being spent on
celebrations of Canada 150, the discussion and elaboration of two
topics are strictly prohibited: Canadian history and the Canadian
Constitution! This is justified in the name of maintaining unity.
In reality, the prohibition is to create a mindless atmosphere to
undermine the political movements of the people in defence of
their rights and deprive them of the outlook they need to build
the New. Facing this situation, history calls upon the working
people themselves to step forward to provide Canada with an aim
that upholds the rights of all and secures a bright future for
the coming generations.
Canada 150 cannot be separated from the current most
reactionary assault under the banner that there is no alternative
to war and repression. This outlook is fundamentally anti-worker,
racist, misogynist, warmongering and morbidly defeatist. The
disinformed outlook blocks the striving of the working people,
youth and older generation to build the New. It opposes the unity
of the peoples of all lands on an organized basis and claims no
alternative exists to war and class privilege. It seeks to block
any renewal of society that would open a path to progress in
defence of the rights of all and to affirm national sovereignty
of the peoples everywhere. This includes here at home Quebec's
right to self-determination and the hereditary rights of the
Indigenous peoples, as well as citizenship rights on a modern
basis within a modern constitution.
The celebrations of the 150th anniversary of
underscore the importance for Canadians to discuss the conception
of rights enshrined in the Constitution by the British North
America Act, 1867 and especially its amended form with the
addition of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms in
At this time, in the name of strength in diversity,
negated by dividing the people into
categories of national origin, ethnicity, gender, religion,
wealth and ability. This is done to weaken the organized
conscious collective defence of rights by virtue of being human
and the striving of the working class and people to humanize the
natural and social environment.
The working people are seeing that the security and
mind of their families during their working lives and in
retirement are out of their control. Wealth and power are being
concentrated ever more rapidly and shamelessly in the hands of
fewer and fewer people. Governments of police powers not
governments of laws have become commonplace. Far from enacting
needed reforms to the electoral law so that all medieval vestiges
of privilege are removed from the political process and Canadians
can exercise control over elected political representatives and
hold them to account, the opposite is occurring.
Increasingly, workers and youth are looking at how to
understand the present historical juncture and what theory and
actions are required to turn things around in their favour.
Profound concern has been expressed with the election of Donald
Trump as President of the United States and the manner in which
the government of Canada is kowtowing to every arbitrary measure
the U.S. administration takes in the name of security and
prosperity by stepping up the use of police powers.
The working people see the alarming deterioration of
conditions of life and work in Canada, the U.S., Mexico and
countries where Canada is intervening militarily to enforce
regime change on behalf of U.S. imperialism's striving for global
hegemony. While the rich get richer and the poor poorer, the
dangers of war and to the social and natural environments
increase. Under these circumstances, strengthening the Party's
capacity to respond to the need to involve workers and youth in
Party work, increase its national profile, as well as broaden the
Party's technical base are all urgently required. These issues
are being addressed through the preparations for the Party's 9th
Congress and to build the institutions and innovate a political
process required to build a modern Canada.
In this regard, we are pleased to announce that the
Marxist-Leninist Party of Quebec (PMLQ) is hosting a Conference
in Montreal on May 7, to discuss the conception of rights in
Canada's old constitution and a modern conception needed in a new
one. The Conference aims to mobilize workers and youth to shed
light on the origin of the police powers being unleashed today
against them, and how the people can respond to defend their
rights and build the New. Similar conferences will also be
organized locally across the country.
Historic Need to Build the New
This year, we will hold celebrations under the theme The Birth of the New to strengthen
the work to open society's path to progress in today's conditions. The
celebrations will emphasize the significance of the role of the
Communist Party in making sure the working class leads the masses of
the people to bring about the social transformations so needed at this
The Party also calls on all its members and friends to
us in discussing the Party's thesis on the Necessity for
Change on the historic occasion of the 50th anniversary of
its adoption in 1967. The Necessity for Change analysis
provides the outlook guiding the Party's work. We also join the
communist parties and peoples all over the world in celebrating
the 100th anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution
To mark these occasions, an important Conference to be
in Ottawa on August 12 under the theme The Birth of the
New to which everyone is invited. The Conference will be
followed by a Concert and Reception as well as the annual Dawn
Ceremony at the Party Memorial in Beechwood Cemetery on August
13. These are dedicated to the Party's founder and leader Comrade
Hardial Bains on the 20th anniversary of his death, and to all
the Party comrades who have passed away and whose contributions
to building the New in this country we treasure. On this occasion
we will also pay tribute to Comrade Fidel Castro and the
significance of his life and work, as well as the lives of all
those who have contributed internationally to our common cause of
peace, freedom and democracy.
On this day of celebration of CPC(M-L)'s 47th
pay our founder and leader Hardial Bains and other comrades who
have passed away our deepest respects and dedicate our work to
their memory. We wish all the organizations of the Party at every
level success in their work!
Together, Let Us March On for a Modern
Upholds the Rights of All!
All Out to Build the New! Long Live
Communist Party of Canada
March 31, 2017
to build the National Office and participate in this
work, contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
this project by mail, send cheque or
money order payable to: MLPC.
Send to: P.O. Box 666,
Postal Station C, Montreal, Quebec H2L 4L5 or donate through
Paypal at cpcml.ca/contact-join.
address for contributions over
$20, as required by electoral law. The MLPC will issue a receipt
for tax purposes which enables the donor to receive a tax credit.
The maximum contribution to a registered political party
permitted by law in 2017 is $1,550.00.
The Federal Budget
The annual federal budget usually makes minor
how it claims new value from what the working class produces in
the socialized economy and how it spends the amount it claims.
The party in power tables a budget that mostly goes unchallenged
in practice because the ruling party exercises its dictatorship
mandate within the cartel of official political parties that
Circumstances that dictate significant budgetary
occur during crises such as the Second World War. The 2017 budget
of the current Liberal Party in power is essentially a repeat of
its 2016 budget. Some tax measures have changed slightly such as
the elimination of transit user fees as a taxable deduction and
an increase in the excise tax on alcohol and cigarettes but
mostly everything remains pat.
The 2017 budget projects net new spending over the next
six years to total only $4.4 billion on an annual budget of $303
billion. The annual socialized economy (GDP) is estimated at $2.1
trillion and growing roughly two per cent annually, mostly from several
hundred thousand new workers entering the workforce every year and
producing additional value.
The graph (Figure 3) prepared by the Canadian Centre
Policy Alternatives (CCPA) indicates how spending as a percentage
of the socialized economy has fluctuated since 1931. Of note is
the large jump during WWII and the gradual decrease in the per
cent with the onset of the anti-social offensive in the
Please note that all quotations are from the CCPA
Alternative Federal Budget for 2017, which can be found here.
"Federal expenditures as a share of the economy are
all-time lows, as shown in Figure 3. Under the federal
government's plan they will hit a new record low of 14 per cent
by 2019. To put that number in perspective, by the time Canadians
go to the polls again government spending will be lower than at
any time since 1939, despite federal responsibilities -- for old
age security and universal health care, to name just two examples
-- being much larger than they were then. One of the reasons the
federal government has had a limited impact on economic and job
growth is that it is simply too small, by historical standards,
for the task."
That being said, the federal budget plays a large role
the ruling elite who control the economy and politics of the
country. The budget represents the pooling of new value workers
produce to sustain the state, which is the main bulwark to
maintain class privilege and the current relations of production
where workers sell their capacity to work to those who own and
control the socialized forces of production. The social class in
control of the forces of production and state controls the
added-value available for distribution and investment. The
current state blocks the working class from bringing into being a
new pro-social direction for the economy and democratic renewal
of the political system.
The federal budget has its main preoccupations,
in the following four broad categories (these categories often
1. Security of the state and the current relations
production through police powers: military, political police
and spies, domestic police, judicial system, prisons etc. The
budget provides the military alone with $19.3 billion for annual
expenditures and a non-budgeted $40 billion for near-term
procurement mainly for U.S.-made fighter jets and Canadian-produced
2. Government and bureaucracy and what is often
to as civil
society. This includes funding for Parliament, the cartel political
departments, the functioning of labour and commercial law etc., and a
vast array of
3. State money directly provided to private corporate
interests in pay-the-rich schemes. In the 2016 budget the
buzz word for these schemes was "infrastructure," while in this
budget the repeated theme is "innovation." "Innovation" or a
derivative word appears over 350 times in the 2017 budget. The
means and agencies to pay the rich are extensive at all levels of
4. Social programs and public services. These
several purposes: to reproduce the working class and its capacity
to work, to provide private and state enterprises in the
socialized economy with the services necessary to operate, and to
provide and reinforce the ideological and cultural dominance of
the financial oligarchy throughout society.
The working class can influence category 4 through
struggle to force the state to increase investments in social
programs and public services that benefit the working people and
improve their living and working conditions.
The working class is charged with the responsibility to
introduce its own ideology and politics into society through its
own institutions that it builds and maintains independently of
the ruling elite and state.
The working class through the state's social programs
public services can increase its claim on the new value workers
produce called social reproduced-value. This combines with
individual reproduced-value, which includes wages and benefits
while working, to enhance workers' overall claim on the new value
Reproduced-value exists in a constant battle with
claimed by those who own and control the socialized economy. This
class struggle is over the new value workers produce. New value
is divided into the claim of the working class, the
reproduced-value, which reproduces workers and maintains their
living conditions throughout life, and the claim of those who own
and control the socialized economy, the added-value, which
becomes equity and interest profit, and claims of the state,
mainly through taxation, to maintain the unproductive
institutions of the state such as the police powers, government,
and much of the state bureaucracy.
The ruling elite need a
constant oversupply of an educated
and healthy working class for its labour market. The working
class sells its capacity to work to those who own and control the
socialized economy in exchange for the reproduced-value within
the new value workers produce. The working class expects the
exchange for reproduced-value to last a lifetime from birth to
passing away including any periods of unemployment for whatever
reason. The exchange must include guarantees of standard living
and working conditions throughout workers' lives if equilibrium
is to exist in the relations of production.
The state-organized anti-social offensive of the
and financial oligarchy to drive down reproduced-value and
increase added-value has disrupted equilibrium in social class
relations of production. This presents a challenge for the
working class to defend itself in the present and prepare itself
subjectively for a radical transformation of the social class
relations of production with a new direction for the economy and
democratic renewal of politics to defend the rights of all and
the general interests of society.
For a radical change in relations of production to
working class must unite and organize its forces to deprive the
financial oligarchy of its power to deprive the working class of
its right to defend itself, and its right to bring the relations
of production into conformity with the socialized forces of
production and open a path forward for society to emancipate the
working class and all humanity.
Aim and Outlook of the Two Main Social Classes
The class struggle is centred on which social class
control the socialized economy and the politics of the country.
The aim and outlook of the working class reflect the socialized
nature of their work in the modern interrelated economy and the
necessity for cooperation to ensure it operates within a
nation-building project without crises and war, and where the new
value workers produce becomes the material basis to guarantee the
rights and well-being of all.
The aim and outlook of the financial oligarchy is
self-serving competition to make the socialized economy and
working class serve their private interests and class privilege
wherein they seize the new value workers produce for their own
narrow interests of empire-building within the U.S.-led
imperialist system of states. The aim and outlook of the rich
oligarchs are in contradiction with the socialized nature of the
modern economy that requires cooperation from all its
interrelated sectors to operate without crises and war.
The aim and outlook of the working class centre on the
necessity for its emancipation from class oppression. To
emancipate itself from social class oppression and gain control
over its work and life, the working class must emancipate all
humanity from class privilege and exploitation, and move society
forward towards the complete elimination of social classes.
The Federal Budget in the Context of the Battle of the
Working People for Control Over Those Affairs that Affect
The working people are
faced with an economic and political
system that deprives them of the right to control their working
and living conditions and solve economic and social problems.
Problems in the basic sectors of the socialized economy cannot be
solved without empowerment of those who work in those sectors.
The recurring crises in the steel industry, forestry,
manufacturing in general and every other sector are evidence of
the necessity for the working people to organize to assume
control over their work and lives. The control of the working
people must extend to where investments are made from the new
value workers produce. Control of the working people over the new
value they produce is needed so that social responsibility for
the human and natural environment and the general interests of
society are a priority.
Control of the working people over the socialized
necessary to deprive the financial oligarchy from abusing the new
value workers produce in self-serving and destructive competition
for empire-building and war. The control of the financial
oligarchy exists in opposition to the people's desire for
nation-building, democracy and peace, and cooperation in the
socialized economy amongst its interrelated parts, which the
economy requires to function without crises.
Aim and Outlook Are Key to Solving Problems
Control exercised by working people is necessary so
new aim to solve problems is put in charge of the economy. The
following problems enumerated by the CCPA in their alternative
federal budget cannot be solved unless the aim is to solve each
The financial oligarchy in control puts the aim of
private profit in control of solving problems. This prohibits
ever solving the problem because the aim to solve the problem is
missing and replaced with the aim of making private profit. All
the problems the CCPA itemizes in its alternate budget must have
a specific aim to solve the problem that precludes another
For example, the aim in education has to be to
right to education for all. The private aim to profit from
providing education will never fulfil the right to education
because that is not the aim. The same is with the right to health
care, seniors' care, housing, food, retirement security and all
other modern rights that people have by virtue of being
The CCPA writes:
"The average house price in Canada is closing in on
million dollars -- double that if you live in Vancouver. A loaf
of factory bread will put you out nearly $5 if you live in
Nunavut. The cost of enlisting your two-year-old in child care in
Toronto now tops $16,000 a year. More than 4.5 million Canadians
lived below the poverty line in 2014, 991,000 of them children.
Poverty rates are higher for women, racialized people, and
immigrants, and they skyrocket for people living with
disabilities, single mothers, and Aboriginal people. More than
half of all First Nation children live in poverty.
"One in eight Canadians regularly experience food
and more than 800,000 people visit a food bank each month. Nearly
100 First Nation communities continue to go without clean
drinking water. More than a third of Inuit households live in
overcrowded or unsafe housing. And 3.5 million Canadians lack
basic drug coverage, leading many to simply go without important
"Canada is on track to miss its greenhouse gas
target by a mile, leaving future generations to foot the bill of
climate change. Canadian household debt exceeded the size of our
economy (GDP) for the first time last year. The average Canadian
owes $21,348 in consumer debt (not including mortgage debt).
Canada's farmers are now carrying over $92 billion in total debt.
Public student debt in Canada had reached $28 billion at last
"On the other side of the divide, the two richest
hold the same amount of wealth as the poorest 30 per cent of the
population. The 100 highest-earning CEOs in Canada took home an
average of $9.5 million each in 2015. And our tax system
consistently provides greater benefits to high-income earners.
For example, over 90 per cent of the benefit of the capital gains
tax break goes to the top 10 per cent of income earners; 87 per
cent of the benefit goes to the top 1 per cent. Over 10 years,
federal corporate tax rates have been cut by nearly 50 per cent,
while those same corporations amassed over $500 billion in excess
The childcare crisis across Canada is well documented.
Childcare should form part of the public education system under
the principle that quality education is a right for all from
birth to passing away. Pre-elementary education and care for
children from as soon as possible after birth should be
integrated into the public education system expanding the
infrastructure and educational personnel to accommodate this
right to education for all.
Control of the Working People Is Necessary to Bring
Anti-War Government and Make Canada a Zone for
The defence budget must be linked with the aim to
anti-war government and make Canada a zone for peace. Such an aim
demands bringing to an end purchases of military equipment
from private contractors within the imperialist system of states
and a halt to profiting from war and repression through military
exports such as the Trudeau government's disastrous export of
armaments to the mediaeval regime in Saudi Arabia even while that
country is participating in U.S.-led predatory wars against its
neighbours and a repressive war against its own people.
Canada should leave NATO and
NORAD and cancel all military
participation within the imperialist system of states. All
peacekeeping commitments within the UN are suspect, as the
organization is now dominated by the big powers and their
imperialist interests. All Canadian troops should be brought
home. No joint training with other countries should occur at this
time and no foreign troops or police officers should be allowed
in the country and no foreign armaments such as missiles should
be stationed in Canada.
Military spending in Budget 2017 remains mostly the
($19.3 billion) with a proviso that a defence study may introduce
new spending at any time. Also, near-term military procurements
outside the general budget are estimated at $40 billion with a
longer forecast of $83 billion.
The following warmongering statement appears in the
2017 Budget in preparation for war against Russia and to exercise
U.S.-led military control over the peoples of Eastern Europe:
"As a leading member of NATO, Canada has always
troops and equipment when and where they are needed most. In July
2016, the Prime Minister announced Canada would lead a robust
multinational NATO battlegroup in Latvia as part of the
Alliance's enhanced Forward Presence in Eastern Europe --
Canada's largest sustained military presence in Europe in more
than a decade -- at a cost of $348.6 million over three years. In
addition, Canada has renewed Operation UNIFIER, its support for
Ukraine's efforts to maintain sovereignty, security and
stability, at a cost of $29 million per year for two years."
In Canada today, 20 per cent of jobs are part time and
roughly 14 per cent are contract or seasonal. This makes
qualifying for employment insurance almost impossible for many
workers. The EI benefit rate is low -- just 55 per cent of
earnings averaged over the previous six months. Other problems
exist that have been well documented. (See Workers' Forum,
March 9, 2017.)
To solve the scourge of unemployment, the aim
must be to
abolish the outmoded labour market and make unemployment an
unacceptable concept and practice just as slavery and the slave
market have entered humanity's social consciousness as
unacceptable and repugnant.
Working people before retirement should be working, in
or under some form of social care. The state has the social
responsibility to find suitable work for workers within their
living area or provide them with additional education and
cultural activities and a standard income if those who control
the productive forces do not make work available. Within a
nation-building project, every region in Canada should strive to
have an all-sided economic base that is not seasonal or heavily
dependent on one sector. This striving of course requires the
control of the working people over their lives and socialized
With the human factor/social consciousness in control
society, the modern socialized economy of industrial mass
production is more than capable of guaranteeing work, education
and culture for all, and that the people's rights and well-being
are assured throughout their lives without exception.
Stop Paying the Rich
Pay-the-rich schemes exist throughout the economy. In
selection, the CCPA itemizes a few in the energy sector.
"The Accelerated Capital Cost Allowance (ACCA) provided
liquefied natural gas projects ($9 million per year);
Flow-through share deductions available to investors in coal,
oil, and gas projects ($133 million per year); Exploration
limited partnerships (amount unknown); Canadian Exploration
Expenses (CEE) for coal mining ($148 million a year); Canadian
Development Expenses (CDE) for oil and gas well or mining development
($1.018 billion per year); Canadian oil and gas property
expenses (COPGE), which allow companies to claim 10 per cent of
the costs of acquiring oil and gas wells and rights ($36 million
a year); Duty exemptions for imports of mobile offshore drilling
units in the Atlantic and Arctic; and The Foreign Resource
Expense (FRE) and Foreign Exploration and Development Expense
Rights of Indigenous Peoples
CCPA highlights some pressing problems facing
peoples whose rights must be guaranteed in Canada's basic
constitution and enforced in practice:
"Over 10,000 First Nations high school graduates can't
access post-secondary education and children receive inferior
education because of a long-standing funding cap. First Nations
child and family services are not up to provincial standards
because they don't receive adequate funding. Inferior housing,
unsafe drinking water, and poor infrastructure are forcing First
Nations people out of their own communities. Fifty-eight
Indigenous languages are threatened with extinction."
Rights of Women
"Women make up 47 per cent of the paid workforce in
[they] are more likely to have post-secondary training, and earn
on average 30 per cent less than men. Women perform more hours of
unpaid work in the home and work more total hours (paid and
unpaid) than men, make up 92 per cent of those taking parental
leave, and are 21 times more likely than men to cite caring for
children as the reason they are in part-time work. Women are now
more likely than men to be a victim of a violent crime. Spousal
violence and sexual assault costs the economy an estimated $12.2
billion per year. The federal government spends about 1.6 per
cent of this amount ($189 million) to counter violence against
"Employment rates for women lag behind those for men.
a million women working part time do so involuntarily, reporting
a lack of full-time work and the need to care for children and
their family as the reason."
Health Care Is a Right
The aim of private health care is not to guarantee the
of Canadians to health care but to make money for private
interests. CCPA writes, "In Canada only 71 per cent of health
expenditures are financed under the public system. Conversely,
the private health sector in Canada has now grown to nearly a
third (29 per cent) of total health expenditures."
To guarantee the right to
health care, the aim must be
affirmed through a universal comprehensive free public health
care system for all parts of the body without exclusion including
mental health. A universal health care system must be established
within the public education sector to guarantee a healthy
lifestyle and preventive health care for all children. Health
care providers should also be present in all workplaces charged
with ensuring the health and safety of workers.
A public health care system with an aim to guarantee
right to health care must include the public production of
pharmaceuticals, hospital supplies and all manner of health care
infrastructure including whatever is deemed necessary to care for
Canada's seniors. To sustain public health care and uphold its
aim, the financing, building, maintenance and delivery of health
care must be entirely public without any contamination from the
aim of private profit.
All enterprises within the socialized economy employing
workers must realize the health care value embedded within the
workforce and the social reproduced-value workers regularly
reproduce within those enterprises, which should be returned in
proper exchange to the health care system for its extended
Right to Housing
Again, to be successful the aim has to be to guarantee
right to housing and not some other aim such as private profit
for the construction and financing of such projects.
The financing, building and maintaining of
must be entirely public without the aim of private profit. This
must include all manner of public design, engineering and
construction, otherwise the building of infrastructure soon
degenerates into pay-the-rich schemes as they now mostly are.
Infrastructure, including mass transit, roads, and bridges etc,
forms part of the country's means of production and is not an
article of consumption for individuals to realize through user
fees. The realization of infrastructure value must be calculated
and paid according to the value accruing to private and state
enterprises active in the socialized economy.
Post-Secondary Education (PSE)
Post-secondary education forms part of the right to
education for all.
"Canadian colleges and universities have doubled or
tuition fee revenues since 2001, saddling graduates with
unprecedented levels of debt (see Figure 14). The catalyst came
in 1996, when the Chrétien government made historic cuts
to federal PSE transfers worth $2.29 billion (an 18 per cent
reduction), which facilitated dramatic tuition increases over the
next two decades.
"Tuition revenue going to colleges and universities has
tripled since the massive cuts to federal spending in 1996.
Public student debt in Canada reached $28 billion in 2012 (its
highest level ever), which does not account for private debt.
Despite Canada's treaty obligations, over 10,000 Indigenous
students are on a waiting list for post-secondary training.
Public spending on training and skilled trades apprenticeships in
Canada sits at the bottom of the industrialized world."
Living Conditions of Vulnerable Canadians
"An estimated 863,492 individuals relied on food banks
across Canada in March 2016, 28 per cent more people than before
the recession hit in 2008. Food insecurity has risen dramatically
since 2008 as well, with 12.5 per cent of people in Canada
experiencing some level of food insecurity in 2013.
"Homelessness remains at crisis levels. Nearly one in
Canadian households experience severe housing affordability
problems, about 35,000 Canadians are homeless on any given night,
and over 235,000 distinct individuals experience some form of
homelessness during the year attributed to the withdrawal of the
federal government's investment in affordable housing and
pan-Canadian cuts to welfare beginning in the 1980s.
"By any measure, there was a rise in poverty rates in
Canada immediately following the onset of the 2008 recession. The
national poverty rate in 2014 (the last year for which we have data)
was 13 per cent, based on the [Low Income Measure (LIM)], while it was
11.3 per cent using the [Market basket Measure (MBM)]. That translates
to between 3.9 and 4.5 million Canadians living in poverty.
"According to the latest national Child Poverty Report
more than 1.3 million children (18.5 per cent) lived in poverty
in 2014, up from 15.8 per cent in 1989, the year the House of
Commons passed its ill-fated resolution seeking to end child
poverty by the year 2000. A higher child poverty rate was
accompanied by a greater proportion of poor families with
children that had at least one parent working full time, all year
(37 per cent in 2011, compared to 33 per cent in 1989).
"The situation is much worse for Indigenous children.
The poverty rate for status First Nations children, for example, is a
staggering 51 per cent, rising to 60 per cent if restricted to children
on reserves. Poverty rates are also higher for recent immigrants,
Indigenous people generally, racialized people, senior women, single
parents, and people with disabilities. We will have to wait until 2018
for up-to-date census information on the experience of poverty by
ethnicity or immigration status. Based on the 2011 National Household
Survey, however, and using the LIM-[After Tax (AT)] as our measure of
poverty, the following incidence of poverty emerges:
"Immigrants: 18.3 per cent (versus non-immigrants: 13.6
per cent); Non-permanent residents: 38.1 per cent; Visible minority:
21.5 per cent (versus non-visible minority: 13.3 per cent); Aboriginal
identity: 25.3 per cent (versus non-Aboriginal identity: 14.5 per
cent); Men: 11.9 per cent (versus women: 13.3 per cent); Men over 65:
9.1 per cent (versus women over 65: 14.4 per cent); Lone-parent
families: 34 per cent (versus two-parent families with two earners: 5.1
per cent; and two-parent families with one earner: 22.0 per cent);
Adults with disabilities have rates 10 per cent higher than those
Security of Seniors
"Only 38 per cent of workers belonged to a pension plan
2015, down from 46 per cent in 1977. In other words, 11.7 million
working Canadians had no workplace pension plan. Just one in four
private sector workers has a pension plan. In 2004, 71 per cent
of private sector pension plan holders had a defined benefit
plan, the most dependable kind; in 2015, only 45 per cent of
pension holders were so lucky. Seniors' poverty rates tripled
between 1995 and 2014, from 3.9 per cent to 12.5 per cent."
The attack on defined-benefit pensions both public and
private reveal a sinister aim to destroy this hard fought for
social program. The Trudeau government has jumped on the
anti-pension bandwagon with its shameless introduction of Bill
C-27: An Act to amend the Pension Benefits Standards Act.
The measure is an open assault on federally regulated
defined-benefit pensions. The working class strongly opposes this
attack on their rights and has raised the fighting slogan: Defend
the pensions we have, fight for pensions for all!
The pension situation is a national disgrace. The
class must retire in dignity at a Canadian standard of living.
The exchange of workers' capacity to work with those who own and
control the forces of production is for a lifetime not just while
capable of working. That is the only acceptable arrangement.
"Farm debt continues to grow at an unsustainable rate.
2015 Canada's total outstanding farm debt had risen to over $92
billion. Total realized net farm income is less than one-tenth of
this debt load. This means that farmers have little capacity to
absorb higher costs. Even a small increase in interest rates
would have a devastating effect, as many farmers would be unable
to continue servicing their debts. Climate change continues to
increase risks and expenses, making incomes more precarious and
debt more onerous. Yet farmers do produce immense wealth every
year. Most of that wealth is captured by powerful corporations
that are able to control the prices of inputs such as seed,
fertilizer, farm chemicals, fuel, and rail transportation. Prices
paid for farm products are also controlled by a few large buyers:
global grain companies, meat packers, and retailers. Meanwhile,
land prices are increasingly influenced by farmland investment
companies that collect high rents while speculating on land
values. Farmers as individuals have very little power in the
marketplace. Because of this, much of total farm debt is not due
to investment in productive capacity but rather represents
persistently insufficient margins due to others taking more than
their fair share of the wealth farmers produce.
"To address farm debt it is necessary to reinvest in
institutional structures that protect farmers' interests by
countering the monopolistic power of global agribusiness and food
"The Canadian Grain Commission (CGC) has been stripped
important roles and funding during the last decade. This needs to
be reversed. The railways have reduced service and failed to
properly invest in the grain transportation system in spite of
being entitled to healthy profits through the Maximum Revenue
Entitlement (a revenue cap).
"The Canadian Wheat Board,
the farmer-directed single-desk
selling agency for Prairie wheat and barley, was dismantled under
the direction of the previous federal government in 2012,
resulting in billions of dollars leaving Canada's farm economy
annually since then.
"In 2016, the previously privatized Port of Churchill
closed. This will hit farmers in northern Manitoba and
Saskatchewan particularly hard because it will cost them more to
transport their grain to southern ports.
"By ratifying CETA (the Canada-EU trade deal), the
government weakened our supply management system by increasing
the European Union's share of our cheese market by 18,500 tonnes,
reducing the size of Canada's domestic dairy market by an amount
that could have supported 400 new entrant farmers.
"Canada's agriculture research institutions have also
suffered severe funding cutbacks and numerous closures in the
past decade. The previous government eliminated over 500
agriculture research positions between 2012 and 2015. Valuable
research institutions and field research stations were closed in
every region, impairing Canada's ability to respond to emerging
challenges. Public assets and roles were irresponsibly
transferred to the private sector. The task of restoring Canada's
public interest in scientific and technical capacity in
agriculture is both large and urgent, and will require
"There were 158 drinking water advisories in First
communities in fall 2016. Ninety-nine per cent of lakes and
rivers in Canada are not protected by the Navigation Protection
Act from potentially harmful activities. The proposed Energy
pipeline alone, of several new pipeline projects under
consideration, puts 2,963 waterways at risk. Two hundred and five
billion litres of raw sewage was flushed into waterways in Canada
Public Water and Wastewater Infrastructure
"According to the 2016 Canadian Infrastructure Report
one-third of Canada's municipal infrastructure is at risk of
rapid deterioration, 36 per cent of wastewater infrastructure is
rated in fair to poor condition, and 29 per cent of drinking
water infrastructure is in fair to very poor condition. The total
replacement value of water, wastewater, and stormwater assets is
$575 billion, according to the same report. The Federation of
Canadian Municipalities (FCM) estimates the cost of replacing
systems graded 'poor' or 'very poor' to be about $61
billion. The Liberal government committed $2 billion over four
years for its new Clean Water and Wastewater Fund. Over 205
billion litres of raw sewage was flushed into waterways in Canada
Federal Public Service
"Canada's population has increased by 43 per cent since
1983, but federal public service employment has only increased 3
per cent. Some 24,000 jobs have been lost since public service
cuts in 2010. Many of these lost jobs need to be recovered if
service levels are to be improved. Every $20 billion of currently
proposed P3 infrastructure bank funding would result in an
additional $6.2 billion in interest costs.
"The population of Canada
grew from 25.3 million in 1983 to
36.2 million in 2016, an increase of 43 per cent. Meanwhile, the
number of federal public servants increased from 250,882 in 1983
to 258,979 in 2016, an increase of only 3.1 per cent. From 1983
to 2015, Canada's real gross domestic product (GDP) increased by
120.8 per cent, while real federal program spending only
increased by 52.6 per cent. The public service must grow if
citizen demand is going to be met.
compensation costs have declined by 1.3
per cent or $120 million compared to last year. This is partly
because the government is employing a precarious workforce. The
number of full-time government employees is decreasing. At the
same time, term employment has increased 9.3 per cent, casual
employment by 8.3 per cent, and student employment by 6.0 per
cent. The Public Service Commission reports that in 2015-16 there
were 4,533 indeterminate workers hired overall, not counting
departures and retirements. Over the same time there were 32,370
workers hired to fill jobs on a term, casual, or student
Palestinian Land Day
Long Live the Palestinian People and Their Resistance!
Out to End the Occupation!
Palestinians commemorate Land Day with march from Sakhnin to Deir Hanna.
March 30, 2017 marked the 41st
Palestinian Land Day, commemorating the resistance struggle
launched against land confiscations in the Galilee region of
Palestine on March 30, 1976.
This resistance continues today against the
ongoing theft of land and denial of rights by the Zionist
occupying power, in defence of the Palestinian people's right to
be. On this occasion, the Communist Party of Canada
(Marxist-Leninist) sends militant greetings to the Palestinian
people and reiterates its undying support for their cause, which
has become a cause of humanity.
As in previous years, marches, solemn ceremonies and
gatherings in Palestine and around the world paid tribute to the
martyrs of the past and affirmed that the resistance will never
cease until justice is done. Marches took place among
Palestinians inside Israeli borders such as in the Negev/Naqab as
well as in the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip. Among other
things, protesters planted trees and restored structures
demolished by the Israeli authorities, especially where residents
lost possession following lengthy legal battles against the
eviction orders used by Israeli authorities to dispossess
Palestinians. As in previous years, Palestinians faced violent
repression from Israeli security forces when demonstrating.
commemorations in Gaza
Land confiscations, state
terrorism and other violations of rights by the occupying power
have further intensified this year. Since the beginning of 2017
the Israeli government has approved the construction of more than
6,219 illegal settlement homes in the occupied West Bank,
including 719 in East Jerusalem. Reports also point to an
increase in demolitions of Palestinian homes by the Zionist
state. More than 24 Bedouin homes and other buildings around an
illegal settlement in the West Bank have been demolished already
this year. The Israeli Parliament adopted a law on February 6 to
retroactively "legalize" 53 illegal settlements and outposts on
Palestinian land taken by force, amounting to 80 hectares of land
and more than 4,000 settlement dwellings.
On March 30, as the world marked Palestinian Land Day,
Israeli cabinet authorized formally for the first time in 20
years the construction of a new illegal settlement near the
Palestinian city of Nablus in the occupied West Bank. Hanan
Ashrawi, a member of the executive committee of the Palestine
Liberation Organisation condemned the decision and stated,
"Israel's relentless efforts to expand its illegal settlement
enterprise with the aim of displacing Palestine and replacing it
with 'Greater Israel' should send a strong message to governments
worldwide that they need to intervene immediately and to
undertake concrete measures to hold Israel accountable with
serious punitive measures."
Palestinian Land Day is an occasion to reaffirm the
of the Palestinian people with the world's peoples behind them to
bring about an end to the occupation and the affirmation of their
rights. This is inseparable from the Palestinian people's fight
against ongoing land seizures and for the return of the land that
is their birthright. On Palestinian Land Day 2017, CPC(M-L) calls
on Canadians to step up their opposition to the continued
violations of the rights of the Palestinian people and stand as
one in defence of their right to be.
1. On March 30, 1976, Palestinians
living in villages in the Galilee region declared a general
strike and protested against land confiscations. At that time,
Israel had embarked on a national project to construct new
Jewish-Israeli localities in the region that included lands of
Palestinian citizens. Israel responded with state violence,
killing six Palestinians. A total of 20,000 dunams (2,000
hectares) were confiscated at that time. Israeli soldiers killed
six protestors and injured more than 100 in the efforts to quell
Occupation Holds More Than
85 Per Cent of Historic
Click to enlarge.
On the eve of the 41st Anniversary of Land Day March
2017, Ola Awad, President of the Palestinian Central Bureau of
Statistics (PCBS) presented figures and statistics highlighting
the significance of the occasion. The Palestinian people each
year mark the confiscation of 21,000 dunums (more than 2,000
hectares) of land in Al-Jalil, Al-Muthalth and Al-Naqab on 30
March 1976 by Israeli authorities, who subsequently killed six
According to PCBS, Israeli occupation authorities hold
than 85 per cent of the historic land of Palestine, about 27,000
square kilometres. Within this, Arabs comprise 48 per cent of
the total population, but have access to only 15 per cent of the
Forty Per Cent of West Bank Converted to Israeli State
After the Israeli Occupation of the West Bank and Gaza
in 1967, the occupation authorities began transferring land
ownership registers, formerly overseen by Jordanian authorities,
and land considered state property since the Ottoman era to their
possession, amounting to 527,000 dunums (52,700 hectares). At the
same time, land registration by Palestinians was frozen.
By the end of 1973, the Israeli occupation authorities
confiscated another 160,000 dunums (16,000 hectares) as "state
land." Between 1979 and 2002, another 900,000 dunums (90,000
hectares) were looted. The area now considered "state land" by
the Israeli occupation authorities totals more than 2,247,000
dunums (224,700 hectares), representing around 40 per cent of the
West Bank, according to the PCBS.
Occupation Policy of Demolitions in Jerusalem
The Israeli occupation authorities continue to demolish
Palestinian buildings and obstruct the issuing of new building
permits on occupied Palestinian territory, such as in and around
the capital Jerusalem. At the same time, the Israeli occupation
continues to approve licenses for the construction of housing
units for Israeli settlements. In 2016, occupation authorities
demolished around 309 Palestinian buildings in Jerusalem and
issued a further 227 demolition orders. The major demolitions in
Jerusalem were carried out in the Abu Nawar district, including
targeting the only school there and its six classrooms, as well
as a mosque under construction in Sur Bahir.
Nearly Half of Settlements Occupy Private Palestinian
By the end of 2015, 413 distinct Israeli settlements
in the West Bank, including 150 housing settlements and 119
outposts. Around 48 per cent of the area of these settlements was
located on privately-owned Palestinian land, according to the
PCBS. In 2016, the occupying power authorized 115 new settlement
plans, including the construction of more than 5,000 housing
The same authorities deprived Palestinians of their
build on their land, in particular undermining any urban
expansion, especially for Palestinians in Jerusalem and "Area C"
which is under full Israeli military control. "Area C"
constitutes more than 60 per cent of the West Bank. In the past
five years, out of 97 Palestinian building plans submitted for
approval of the occupation authorities, only four were accepted.
The Israeli expansion and annexation wall also isolates more than
12 per cent of West Bank land.
PCBS figures indicate that there were more than 617,291
Zionist settlers in the West Bank by the end of 2015. Of these,
292,555 lived in Jerusalem Governorate and of this 214,135 in
Jerusalem "J1," area forcibly annexed by Israel when it began its
occupation of the West Bank in 1967. There are around 21 settlers
per 100 Palestinians in the West Bank overall, compared to 69
settlers per 100 Palestinians in Jerusalem Governorate.
Policy of Ethnic Cleansing of Palestinians in West
The Israeli occupation authorities continue their
ethnic cleansing of Palestinians in the West Bank through home
demolition and settlements to uproot the people from their land.
In 2016, Israeli authorities demolished 1,023 Palestinian houses
and establishments in the West Bank (309 in Jerusalem
Governorate), and issued a further 657 demolition orders. These
demolitions led to the displacement of more than 1,620
Palestinian citizens, half of them children.
Continuous Siege on Gaza Strip
Despite its small area, the Israeli authorities claim a
"buffer zone" of more than 1,500 metres from the eastern border
of the Gaza Strip. As a result, the occupation has usurped more
than 24 per cent of the total area of Gaza (365 square kilometres). The
Gaza Strip is considered among the most densely
populated areas in the world, with around 5,000 people per square
1. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics 2016:
settlements in the West Bank, 2015. Ramallah- Palestine
Abdullah Al-Hourani Center for Studies and Documentation, Annual
3. National Office for the Defence of the Land and
to Resist Settlements. 2016
4. The Applied Research Institute of
Jerusalem (ARIJ). 2016
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