April 30, 2018
43rd Anniversary of the Defeat of
U.S. Aggression and Intervention in Vietnam
Long Live Vietnam!
Vietnam's flag is proudly raised on Reunification Day, April 30, 2018,
at the Hien Luong–Ben Hai historic site in Vinh Linh district, in Quang
Tri province to celebrate the 43nd anniversary of the liberation of
south Vietnam -- National Reunification Day -- and the 45th anniversary
the liberation of Quang Tri (May 1, 1972). (Nhan Dan)
Defeat of U.S. Aggression and Intervention in Vietnam
• Long Live Vietnam!
• All Out to Strengthen the Bonds of Friendship
Between the Peoples of Canada and Vietnam! - Nick Lin
• 50th Anniversary of Infamous My Lai Massacre
Building a Vibrant and
• Joyous Celebrations of
• Outstanding Economic Development
For Your Information
• Background on Anti-Communist Journey to Freedom Day Act
• Information about the Vietnamese-Canadian
Community That Everyone Should Know - Prof. Trang
Nguyen, Canada Vietnam Trade Council
• Excerpts from Letter to Toronto Mayor from
Canada Vietnam Society
43rd Anniversary of the Defeat of U.S.
Aggression and Intervention in Vietnam
Long Live Vietnam!
Ho Chi Minh, leader of the Vietnamese people, shown here in 1957, was
instrumental in leading the organized resistance to French colonial
occupation, then the U.S. invaders, although he did not live to see his
country's reunification. To his right, the famous General Vo Nguyen
On April 30, 1975, forty-three years ago, the U.S.
imperialists had to flee Vietnam as their puppet regime in Saigon
collapsed and their armed aggression and intervention in Vietnam
This war of intervention and aggression by U.S.
goes down in the annals of aggressive wars as one of the most
brutal. It left more than three million Vietnamese dead, millions
more wounded and homeless and the entire country and its economy
in ruin. The devastation caused to the country and the people was
similar to that in Korea which was the first place the
defeat. As in Korea so too in Vietnam, U.S. imperialism
imposed an arbitrary division and then intervened in the
civil war on one side against the other in the name of democracy. But
as with the Koreans, the Vietnamese would not permit the division of
their country and fought for its unification. On April 30, 1975, they
Ceremony on April 30, 2015 in Ho Chi Minh City marking 40th anniversary
Vietnam’s national reunification.
The barbarity of the intervention and aggression against
people of Vietnam by U.S. imperialism was thoroughly condemned by
the peoples of the world, including within the United States
itself where a vigorous anti-war movement was built. The heroism
and courage of the people of Vietnam was such that they
successfully defended their nation and prevailed. They fought
without flinching for their national liberation, reunification
and independence. The heroic people of Vietnam fought for the
peoples of the entire world who were also under fire from U.S.
imperialism. They won victory in the battlefield.
The victorious people of Vietnam, under the leadership
Communist Party of Vietnam, not only proved their mettle by
defeating the U.S., but also by building a modern country since
the war, a country which seeks prosperity for its people, a cause
to which everyone can contribute.
The Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist)
hails the historic victory of the heroic people of Vietnam and
their achievements and successes in their struggle since the war
for peace, independence and prosperity. We condemn U.S.
imperialism and all reactionaries who continue to push private
interests at the cost of the interests of the peoples of the
world, committing crimes against the peace and treating human
beings as "collateral damage" as they did in Vietnam.
Heroic fighters of the People's Army of Vietnam (left) and the Viet
the National Liberation front in south Vietnam (right).
Hail the Anniversary of the Victory of
of the Heroic Vietnamese People for
Their Liberation Known as
Down with U.S. Imperialism and All
Oppose all Imperialist Wars of Intervention and
Long Live Vietnam!
All Out to Strengthen the Bonds of Friendship Between
Peoples of Canada and Vietnam!
The long history of friendship between the Canadian and Vietnamese
staunch opposition to the U.S.-led Vietnam War,
including this anti-war protest at
Queen's Park in Toronto in 1967.
Canadians in Vancouver and Toronto, including several of
Vietnamese origin, have informed of anti-Vietnam provocations
which serve to harm relations between Canada and Vietnam and
divide the people, by preying on their lack of information about
Vietnam. Amongst other things, the flag of the long-deposed and
reactionary Saigon regime, overthrown during the Vietnamese
liberation war on April 30, 1975, is being presented in Canada at
certain public and official events as if it is the official flag
of Vietnam, which it is not. Not only
ordinary people who are not
well-informed but also municipal councillors and officials at
various levels have raised this flag or worn its colours on
scarves. While some are clearly reactionaries who oppose
respecting Vietnam's sovereignty and have a habit of sowing
divisions in the community in Canada and dividing Canadians,
others think they are celebrating Canada-Vietnam friendship. They
are not happy to learn they are being used as pawns to promote
hostility and divisions.
The yellow flag represents the regime
collaborated with the U.S. warmongers in their war of aggression
against Vietnam. Within the Vietnamese community in Canada which
is 240,000-strong, only a fraction -- some 22,000 -- escaped for
political reasons in 1975 when that regime fell.
The U.S. imperialists desperately flee Saigon on April 29 and 30, 1975.
A south Vietnamese man is driven away with a punch to the face as he
tries to join the escape.
That was 43
years ago so not that many remain who are motivated to wreak
revenge to this day. Their cause covers up that it was not the
communists who divided Vietnam, dropped agent orange and committed all
the other crimes against the people. It was the U.S. imperialists.
These anti-communists collaborated with the U.S. regime, themselves
committed crimes against the people and then went all out to save
themselves calling their exit "a journey to freedom." Some were major
drug lords or were those who trafficked women and children and
conciliated with heinous crimes against the people. Their U.S.
patrons lost the war and did not even take measures to protect
them. Their attempt to foment hatred and anti-communism against
the current government of Vietnam and divide Canadians on this
basis is nonetheless facilitated by certain sections of the
Canadian ruling class. These are the same forces behind the
construction of an
anti-communist memorial in Ottawa. They also lobbied for and got a
reprehensible piece of legislation denominating April 30,
celebrated as Reunification Day in Vietnam, as a "Journey to
Freedom Day" to condemn the victory of the people of Vietnam
against U.S. aggression. It is
simply not true.
The promotion of the flag of the anti-communist
imperialist regime which was overthrown in Vietnam seeks to
undermine the bonds of peace and friendship between the Canadian
and Vietnamese people and between Canada and Vietnam. For it to
be supported by any official circles at any level during official
events and people's festivals is reprehensible and against all
norms of diplomatic relations.
Canadians can give a fitting response to the
this band of reactionaries who fled Vietnam after the fall of
Saigon. They can speak out against attempts to insinuate a
revival of the long-deposed and reactionary "south Vietnamese"
regime by imposing its illegitimate flag and symbols at official
celebrations and community festivals linked to building friendship
amongst the peoples. For
official bodies to permit themselves to be fooled by flying a
flag which does not represent Vietnam, under the hoax that Canada
protects freedom of speech for dissenters, is not defensible. The
real flag of Vietnam, its history and its people's victory over
foreign invaders are known and knowable.
Canada and Vietnam this year celebrate 45 years of
diplomatic relations. It
is a good occasion to strengthen the bonds of friendship between
our two countries and our two peoples. Canadians from coast to
coast, from all walks of life, stood second to none along with
peace- and justice-loving peoples the world over, in opposing the
U.S. aggression against Vietnam. Many Canadians came to this
country to dodge the draft or escape the
punishment meted out to those who deserted the U.S. armed forces
because their conscience would not permit them to commit the
crimes which they were ordered to carry out by the U.S. against
the Vietnamese people.
Let us unite with the people of Vietnamese origin in
and all those who fought against the war in Vietnam and opposed
the arbitrary foreign division of their country to foment civil war
in the name of anti-communism.
1. A representative sampling of cases where
community has been put under pressure to identify as followers of the
- Coquitlam Pageant and Concert May 21, 2017
- 2016 Surrey Fusion Festival July 23, 2016
- Vancouver 2016 Vietfest August 13, 2016
- Vancouver ASEAN Festival 2016 August 27,
- Vietnam Women's Association of Toronto 2015
- City of Ottawa 2014
- Whitehorse Heritage Festival in 2008, 2009, 2010
2. Journey to Freedom Day was brought
into being in Canada by the Journey to Freedom Day Act,
legislation put forward by Senator Thanh Hai Ngo and passed by
the Harper government in April 2015. It seeks to turn history on
its head and denigrate and obscure the Vietnamese people's
victory over the U.S. invaders. See FYI on the Journey
to Freedom Day Act is this issue of TML Daily.
3. Canada established diplomatic
relations with Vietnam in 1973. It opened an Embassy in Hanoi in
1994 and a Consulate General in Ho Chi Minh City in 1997. The
Government of Canada notes:
"Canada and Vietnam maintain good bilateral relations.
2013, Canada and Vietnam celebrated the 40th anniversary of their
bilateral relations and many activities took place to commemorate
this important year. There is an active 220,000+ strong
Vietnamese-Canadian community in Canada.
"Canada's relations with Vietnam are expanding,
through rapidly-increasing trade and investment and a prominent
development assistance presence. Vietnam is confirmed as one of
Canada's 25 countries of focus.
"Canada and Vietnam share membership in multiple
forums, including ASEAN [the Association of South East Asian
Nations], in which Canada is a Dialogue Partner; Vietnam was
Canada's Coordinating Country for 2006-09. Canada and Vietnam are
also members of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the
World Trade Organization (WTO), the ASEAN Regional Forum, the
Francophonie and the United Nations."
50th Anniversary of Infamous My Lai Massacre
The indiscriminate massacre of women and children by the U.S. Army in
the My Lai massacre.
My Lai massacre took place on March 16, 1968, when 504
villagers -- 182 women, and 173 children and infants -- in the centre
of present-day Tinh Khê Commune, in Son Tinh
District, were brutally killed by soldiers of Charlie Company, under
the command of Lieutenant Calley.
Vietnam commemorated the victims of the massacre on
March 16, with
various dignitaries in attendance. Former U.S. veterans of the Vietnam
War were also present to express remorse and seek
forgiveness from the Vietnamese people.
One of the U.S. veterans present was former U.S. Army
photographer Ronald L. Haeberle. His photos documented the
massacre and brought world attention to the crimes, further galvanizing
anti-war sentiment in the U.S. and around
the world. At the time, Haeberle carried two cameras; one assigned by
the U.S. Army with two rolls of black and white film, to follow the
action. He returned these rolls of film to the
commander of Charlie Company, but kept his own camera, with which he
took 18 color photos that were published in Life magazine,
exposing the true story.
"My photos of the massacre told the world the truth
happened 50 years ago. The true story had not been told in America and
the world. I just wanted to tell everyone about
the massacre with my photos from the field," he said during his visit
to My Lai
Soldiers of U.S. Army Charlie Company surround women, children and the
in the My Lai massacre.
Another U.S. veteran at the ceremony, Roy Mike Boehm,
has made regular visits to My Lai,
where he would play violin in honour of the victims of the massacre and
in promotion of peace. Boehm has
established an NGO to raise funds for women, farmers and victims of
Agent Orange to buy livestock as well as
to support poverty reduction efforts. He calls
on other U.S. veterans to visit Vietnam to bridge and promote the
relationship between the country and its international friends to
alleviate the pain of war.
U.S. veteran Mike Hastie, who was in An Khê of Gia
Province in 1970, joined the commemoration with his only daughter. "The
My Lai massacre was only one of
different massacres during the war. Vietnamese people are respected by
the world when they demonstrated how to protect the country's
independence," he said, adding, "I was born in the
U.S., but my heart belongs to Vietnam. I'm so proud of Vietnamese
people and the country."
Ron Haeberle (second from right) at the 50th anniversary memorial for
the My Lai Massacre,
March 16, 2018.
Do Ba, a survivor of the massacre, recalled that he was
Hugh Thomson (a helicopter pilot) and Larry Coburn (a gunner on the
helicopter) when they stopped U.S. soldiers
killing residents of Thuan Yên and Tu Cung hamlets. "I was 7
and I was lucky when the two American soldiers saved me from the
killing. It was a bloody day in my life," Ba
Pham Thành Công, 63, another survivor of
the massacre, recalled
that the morning on that day was broken by 30 minutes of shelling at
around 5:30 am. The assault continued with
rockets launched from helicopters.
Eight of his 15 family members tried to escape but were
rest were killed by mines or grenades. An eight year-old boy running
from the shelter was shot dead, his mouth still
full with the morning's rice, he recalled. He said his mother and six
brothers were killed in their house. He was seriously injured but was
saved by his father.
The March 16 ceremony in My Lai was attended by former
Truong Tan Sang; Deputy Prime Minister Truong Hòa Bình,
and U.S. veterans. The ceremony
inaugurated the My Lai Memorial Foundation, to build connections
between the peace-loving peoples of the world.
Participants in the event visited the three-hectare My
Museum, that retells the massacre through images of damaged thatched
roofs and footprints of villagers escaping from
U.S. soldiers in March 1968. The main building at the centre of the
museum complex houses over 1,000 items and photos, remnants of the
massacre. The site also preserves a stream in the
village, where American soldiers herded remaining villagers to kill
them off, turning the water red.
A 41-hectare My Lai Peace Park is also planned for
the village, and a square will also be built in the coming years.
Dang Ngoc Dung, Vice Chairman of the Provincial
said the memorial ceremony of the My Lai massacre "reminds the world
that lovers of peace should do
everything to preserve peace forever, and ensure the My Lai massacre is
Memorial ceremony for My Lai Massacre victims, March 16, 2018.
Building a Vibrant and Prosperous Nation
Joyous Celebrations of
National Reunification Day is the joyful occasion celebrated
on April 30, marking the day in 1975 when the U.S. imperialists were
defeated and the north and south of the country were finally
Major celebrations are taking place in Hanoi, Ho Chi
and elsewhere. Amidst this celebratory atmosphere, several major
cultural festivals, fairs and other events are being held.
Halong Carnival 2018
The stunning Halong Bay and a scene from this year's carnival.
The Halong Carnival 2018 kicked off on April 28 at
the Sun World Halong Park in Halong City in the northern province
of Quang Ninh. The theme this year is "Ha Long: Heritage Wonder,
Friendly Destination." It is one of the first activities to start
the National Tourism Year 2018 in the province and will feature a
host of activities including music, art performances, a street
parade and fireworks exhibitions.
Pham Ngoc Thuy, director of the provincial tourism
department, was quoted by local media as saying that the province
will promote tangible and intangible cultural heritage events and
unique tourism attractions to spur tourism growth this year. It
hopes to attract 15 to 16 million tourists, including seven
million from abroad, and make total tourism revenue worth 30-40
trillion Vietnamese dong (VND) by 2020 (U.S.$1.3-1.7 billion), the
Vietnam News Agency reported.
The annual Top City Destinations Ranking report
November of last year at the World Travel Market event in London
listed Halong City, home to the World Heritage-listed Halong Bay,
56th in the world's 100 leading cities in terms of international
The 10th edition of the biennial Hue Festival is
being held from April 28 to May 2 in the former imperial capital of
It is expected to give a significant boost to the
tourism growth this year. It will feature a street carnival, an
international food festival and a hot air balloon show, plus
traditional court music and dragon boat races.
Danang Fireworks Exhibition
The central city of Danang is hosting the Danang
International Fireworks Festival 2018 over a period of two
months from April 29 to June 30 with its biggest shows ever. Two
years ago, the festival was named "the Leading Festival and Event
Destination 2016" by the World Travel Awards.
This year's festival, titled "The Legends of Bridges,"
feature stories about well-known bridges by teams from Poland,
France, the United States, Italy, Hong Kong, Sweden, Portugal and
The total number of visitors to Danang City last year
estimated at 6.6 million, jumping 19 per cent year-on-year, with
international tourists accounting for 2.3 million of the
visitors. The city expects 7.47 million tourists in 2018,
including three million foreigners.
Hung King Festival
Preparations for this year's festival, March 20, 2018.
In the northern Vietnam province of Phu Tho, the Hung
King Festival recalls a period in Vietnam's history going back
millennia. It is where the Hung Kings founded the country of Van
Lang, the predecessor to the modern Vietnam. This festival was held
from April 21 to 25. It featured a multitude of traditional and
cultural activities evoking long-held customs and ceremonies kept
intact for centuries. Participants learned about the history of
the Vietnamese nation through art performances, cooking contests,
a book fair, and dragon and lion dances.
One of the highlights of the festival is hat
xoan, the traditional folk music of Phu Tho province
performed during the first two months of the lunar calendar. In
2017, UNESCO inscribed hat xoan on the Representative List
of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
Events in Ho Chi Minh City
A trade and culture exchange program among
of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) took
place in Ho Chi Minh City's September 23 Park from April 18-24 to
mark Reunification Day and the third anniversary of the founding
of the ASEAN Economic Community. Its purpose was to intensify
and cooperation between ASEAN countries and international
partners and boost Vietnam's trade, investment, tourism and
cultural ties with other nations, especially those from South
The program included a fair with more than 110
pavilions and more than 40 cuisine pavilions. Art, martial arts
and sport performances are also expected during the event,
together with videos promoting tourism and outstanding products
in participating countries. Visitors are offered a chance to read
books, play folk games and watch Central Highlands gong
Meanwhile, the Ho Chi Minh City Television Cycling
takes place from March 29 and April 30. It is celebrating
reunification with a record 30 stages for a total length of 3,267
km. Each stage marks a year since the race began 30 years ago. By
comparison, the Tour de France has 21 stages.
Outstanding Economic Development
The modern metropolis of Ho Chi Minh City.
One of the outstanding features of the modern Vietnam
since the people liberated the country and seized their own
destiny is its economic development. Great efforts have been
taken to renovate and develop the country's economy and improve
the people's well-being.
Following reunification, Vietnam has steadily overcome
damage caused by years of war, which presented challenges beyond
its direct control. Today, it has reached a point where its
economy is considered amongst the most vibrant. A key part of
this has been the Doi Moi (renovation) process of economic reform
initiated in 1986, which laid the foundation for the sustained
economic growth Vietnam enjoys today.
Economic Growth in 2017
In 2017, Vietnam's economy grew by 6.81 per
country's General Statistics Office announced this past December.
It surpassed the target of 6.7 percent, the highest in a decade.
The GDP grew 5.15 per cent in the first quarter, 6.28 per cent in
the second quarter, 7.46 per cent in the third quarter and 7.65
percent in the fourth quarter.
Vietnam recorded a growth rate of 2.07 per cent in
agriculture, 5.14 per cent in forestry, 5.54 per cent in fishery,
7.85 per cent in industry, 8.7 per cent in construction, and 7.44
per cent in services.
Among services, a growth rate of 8.36 per cent was
in wholesale and retail, 8.98 per cent in accommodation and food,
8.14 per cent in finance, banking and insurance, the highest
increase in the last seven years, and 4.07 per cent in real
estate trading, the highest rise since 2011.
Vietnam's nominal GDP in 2017 stood at nearly 5,008
Vietnamese dong (some $221 billion U.S.), the General Statistics
Office said, adding that GDP per capita was $2,385U.S., $170 U.S
higher than 2016.
Regarding the country's economic structure in 2017,
agriculture, forestry and fishery account for 15.34 per cent,
industry and construction 33.34 per cent, services 41.32 per
cent, and value-added tax, special consumption tax, export tax
and import tax minus product subsidy, 10 percent. The respective
proportions for 2016 were 16.32 per cent, 32.72 per cent, 40.92
per cent, and 10.04 per cent.
In November 2017, Vietnam's National Assembly set a
grow the GDP by 6.5-6.7 per cent in 2018, compared with 6.21
percent in 2016, and 6.68 percent in 2015.
For Your Information
Background on Anti-Communist
Journey to Freedom Day
On April 23, 2015, Royal Assent was granted to Bill
the Journey to Freedom Day Act, officially designating
April 30 each year as "Journey to Freedom Day" in reference to
individuals who left Vietnam for Canada after the victory over
U.S. forces on the same day in 1975. Despite amending the name of
the bill from the Black April Day Act in the face of
opposition to the divisive and provocative legislation, the
debate in the House of Commons and the text of the bill itself
makes it clear that what is being targeted is the historical
verdict rendered against U.S. imperialism and the tremendous
victory for freedom and independence.
The final text of the bill claims that on April 30,
"the military forces of the People's Army of Vietnam and the
National Liberation Front invaded South Vietnam," which it
associates with "the conditions faced by individuals in Vietnam,
including deteriorating living conditions and human rights
abuses." No mention, much less any criticism is made of the
millions of Vietnamese killed by the U.S. or the imperialists'
outright devastation of the country by mass aerial
CPC(M-L) and many Canadians, including Canadians
of Vietnamese nationality, spoke out against
bill, speaking the truth about the Harper government's historical
and vitriolic anti-communism. Canadian electrical engineer Hoang
Nguyen told Embassy Magazine that the comments made by
Conservative MPs do not reflect his views or the views of his
peers. "After a war, every country is torn apart ... when you go
to a war zone, you know it's difficult. [Vietnamese-Canadians]
left Vietnam for a number of reasons, not because of the
Communist Party," he said. Dr. Trang Nguyen, leader of the
Canada-Vietnam Association spoke at a press conference, saying
the association was insulted by the choice of April 30, Vietnam's
liberation day. She stated that the Harper government is
"imposing their view on the rest of the community."
The bill proved to be so controversial and divisive
Vietnamese-Canadians and Canadians of all backgrounds that last
minute attempts were made to amend it during third reading and
final debate on April 22, 2015. The most important consideration
among Vietnamese-Canadians was to remove any mention of April 30
from the bill, a day celebrated with pride and joy in Vietnam and
around the world as National Reunification Day. MPs said that
while many Vietnamese in Canada would like to celebrate the
government's acceptance of refugees after the end of the war,
doing so on April 30 divides the community in an unacceptable
way. Liberal MP Judy Sgro pointed out that the government is
"pitting one part of a community against another." Dismissing
these important considerations, Conservative MPs cynically
declared, "Vietnamese-Canadians have spoken."
Despite the serious concerns raised, no MP was willing
take a stand against dishonouring the Vietnamese people's victory
over foreign occupation or imposing an anti-communist narrative
On April 24, 2015, the Foreign Ministry of Vietnam issued a
response to the bill's passage, making it clear that the bill
amounted to falsification of the history of the Vietnamese
people's struggle for national liberation and reunification,
which won the support of Canadians and people around the world.
Foreign Ministry spokesperson Le Hai Binh said, "This is a
backward step in the relationship between the two countries,
adversely affecting the growing ties between Vietnam and Canada
and hurting the feelings of Vietnamese people as well as a great
part of the Vietnamese community in Canada." The same day, Canada's
Ambassador to Vietnam was summoned to the Foreign
Ministry and was made aware that the passage of Bill S-219 will
have a negative impact on Canada-Vietnam relations. Despite this, the
bill was passed.
Information about the Vietnamese-Canadian Community
Everyone Should Know
The Vietnamese-Canadian community has been socially
over the last 40 years as a result of the Vietnam War (1955-75).
The Vietnamese population in Canada is approximately
Ontario is home to an estimated 107,000 Vietnamese-Canadians with
74,000 in the Greater Toronto Area.
Reasons for Vietnamese
migration to Canada after 1975 have evolved over time, from a
humanitarian crisis to economic development:
- 5,000 U.S.-backed military personnel and family
1975, after the fall of Saigon
- 60,000 refugees arrived in
1979-80, known as the "boat people."
- 120,000 economic
immigrants arrived since 1981.
- 22,000 immigrants arrived since
2006, as skilled workers or business immigrants.
The first 5,000 Vietnamese migrants established
organizations that receive public funding and impose their
ideology on the entire Vietnamese-Canadian community.
migrants use the flag of the non-existent Republic of Vietnam
(yellow flag with the three red stripes) as a political symbol at
Vietnamese-Canadian cultural events and actively discourage
relationships with the Government of Vietnam.
The first migrants have used their disproportionate
political clout to
silence dissent in the
community and intimidate the recent migrants. The recent 22,000
Vietnamese migrants have
actively established business, cultural and educational networks with
the Government of
Vietnam a priority country in trade and education for Canada.
Canadian political leaders unknowingly wear the
scarf, which resembles
the flag of the non-existent Republic of Vietnam (yellow flag with the
three red stripes). Wearing
the yellow scarf sends a mixed message to Vietnamese-Canadians and
further divides the Vietnamese-Canadian community.
Canadian political leaders should not wear the
scarf or use the flag of
the non-existent Republic of Vietnam (yellow flag with the 3 red
stripes) at public
Canadian governments at all levels should observe the
protocols and policies of
the Government of Canada with respect to the Government of Vietnam.
Excerpts from Letter to Toronto Mayor from
Canada Vietnam Society
Directors of the Canada Vietnam Society sent a letter to
John Tory on April 6, in which they expressed their "profound
disappointment that Toronto City Council passed a
MM38.6) on March 27, 2018 that amended its flag-raising policy to allow
yellow flag of south Vietnam to be raised at City Hall." The letter
"The City of Toronto only flies the flags of nations
recognized by the Department of
Global Affairs Canada. South Vietnam is no longer a country since 1975
and its flag is not
recognized by Global Affairs Canada.
"The City of Toronto does not raise flags that espouse hatred,
violence or racism. The
controversial yellow flag of South Vietnam is a symbol of hatred that
has been used by a
small group of Vietnamese-Canadians who wish to keep the Vietnam War
alive and incite
violence against Vietnamese-Canadians who do not share their political
"A similar motion to raise the controversial flag of
at City Hall (Motion J-39) was debated by Toronto City Council on
September 26, 2006. However, Motion J-39 was rejected by Toronto City
Council because it contravened the flag-raising policy."
The letter goes on to elaborate on the inappropriateness
of the south Vietnamese flag:
"It perpetuates the racial stereotyping of
Vietnamese-Canadians as 'refugees' or 'boat people.'
Not all 74,000 Vietnamese-Canadians living in the Greater Toronto Area
are refugees. Many
arrived as economic immigrants or as international students and are
deeply offended by this
"It maintains the myth that the controversial flag of South Vietnam is
a symbol of 'heritage
and freedom.' The flag is a relic of French colonialism that reminds
Vietnamese-Canadians of an oppressive regime that violently
"It seeks to further divide the Vietnamese community. South Vietnam
lost the war. Most
Vietnamese-Canadians have accepted that outcome and have lived on with
their lives in
Canada. Yet a tiny group of Vietnamese-Canadians from South Vietnam
refuse to accept it
and continue to intimidate other Vietnamese-Canadians who think
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